FamilyFinalStudyGuide

FamilyFinalStudyGuide - 1 Final Exam Study Guide Sociology...

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Final Exam Study Guide Sociology of the Family –Fall 2007 Cohabitation and Marriage Key Terms *Cohabitation- the sharing of a household by unmarried persons who have a sexual relationship *Union- a stable, intimate relationship between two people who live in the same household but may or may not be married *Institutional Marriage: a marriage in which the emphasis is on male authority, duty, and conformity to social norms; pre-1940’s; obligations, rules, reproduction, traditional patriarchy *Companionate Marriage- a marriage in which the emphasis is on affection, friendship, and sexual gratification; 1940’s-1970’s; friendship, sexual satisfaction, complementariness *Individualized Marriage- a marriage in which the emphasis is on self-development, flexible roles, and open communication; 1970’s-present; self-development, flexibility, openness, options , from role fulfillment to self-fulfillment ***FAMILISM AND INDIVIDUALISM *Enforceable Trust- the ability to call on family and friends to help enforce the agreements you have made with a partner *Courtship- the publicly visible process with rules and restrictions through which young men and women find a partner to marry *Status symbol- *Petting and Necking Norms- Key Questions 1) How has the process of finding a romantic partner changed since the 19 th century? What differences do we see in ‘dating’ from before 1900, from 1900 to the 1960s, and from the 1960s to today? Before 1900, marriage was seen more as a duty. After 1900, marriage was seen as a fulfillment [Duty- familial mode of production, Fulfillment- urbanization and wage labor; independent living]. Before 1900, there was more parental control. After 1900, there was more individual autonomy [Before 1900- courtship, After 1900- dating] 2) What were the typical characteristics of marriage before the 20 th century, from 1900 to the 1960s, and from the 1960s to today? What different expectations did people in general have for their marriages during these time periods? Before 20 th century: obligations, rules, reproduction, traditional patriarchy 1900-1960’s: affection, friendship, sexual satisfaction, complementariness 1
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1960’s-present: self-development, flexibility, openness, options , from role fulfillment to self-fulfillment, open communication 3) What are the common motivations that people have for getting married? What are the common motivations that people have for cohabiting? Marrying: Social reinforcement of commitment—“enforceable trust” Marriage as achievement vs. foundation Marriage as symbol of middle class success Marriage as prestige, status symbol -Weddings as ritualistic status symbols Marriage as public and personal proof of being loveable Marriage as religious obligation --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Cohabitation as an Alternative Singlehood -Pure relationship Cohabitation as a Marriage Experiment -Most U.S. cohabiters expect to marry.
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FamilyFinalStudyGuide - 1 Final Exam Study Guide Sociology...

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