FamilyMidtermStudyGuide - 1 Midterm Study Guide Sociology...

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Midterm Study Guide Sociology of Family –Fall 2007 Key Terms *Social Constructionism school of thought which deals with detecting and analyzing social constructions 1 social constructions- any institutionalized entity or artifact in a social system "invented" or "constructed" by participants in a particular culture or society that exists because people agree to behave as if it exists or follow certain conventional rules. One example of a social construct is social status. is a knowledge that considers how social phenomena develops in particular social context components: cognitive socialization, social reality, subjectivity intersubjectivity objectivity, historical/cultural variability 1 cognitive socialization- cognitive development and learning are shaped by a person’s interaction with others; values, knowledge, and attitudes develop through interaction 2 social reality- accepted social values and attitudes of a community 3 intersubjectivity- shared meanings constructed by people in their interactions with each other and used as an everyday resource to interpret the meaning of elements of social and cultural life. If people share common sense, then they share a definition of the situation; emphasizes that shared cognition and consensus is essential in the shaping of our ideas and relations 4 historical/cultural variability * Reification- treatment of social constructs as being objective; realities that automatically reveal truth of themselves to our senses; it denies that knowledge of reality is produced by human inventions and abstracts *Universalism - perceptions of what is true do not vary among social groups and across time *Polygamy- form of marriage in which a person [has] more than one spouse *Polygyny- when a MAN has more than one wife each wife given a different house and status Fundamentalist Church of Latter Day Saints (60,000 Mormon Fundamentalists in Utah) *Polyandry- when a WOMAN has more than one husband *Serial Monogamy- having only one partner or spouse at a time may have different monogamous relationships throughout lifetime, but only one at a time *Fraternal polyandry- when two or more brothers marry the same woman fraternal polyandry of the Toda of S. India *Sororal polygyny- two or more sisters share one or more husbands *Unilineal Descent (Matrilineal & Patrilineal Descent)- system of determining descent groups in which one belongs to one's father's or mother's lineage. Both patrilineal and matrilineal are types of Unilineal descent. Matrilineal Descent- line of descent from a female ancestor to a descendant (of either sex) in which the individuals in all intervening generations are female. In a matrilineal descent system (uterine descent), an individual is considered to belong to the same descent group as his or her mother. Patrilineal Descent- line of descent from a male ancestor to a descendant (of either sex) in which the
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/03/2008 for the course SOCIOLOGY 102 taught by Professor Mcdonald during the Fall '08 term at Rutgers.

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FamilyMidtermStudyGuide - 1 Midterm Study Guide Sociology...

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