WAC22 A Brief Study Guide to the Midterm Examination-1

WAC22 A Brief Study Guide to the Midterm Examination-1 -...

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WAC 22 Introduction to American Folklore Winter 2009 A Brief Study Guide to the Midterm Examination Listed below are terms, concepts and particular types of folklore that, based on course readings, viewings, and discussion, you should be familiar with from the first half of the course and be able to answer straightforward questions regarding their definition, meaning, relevance and use. Exam Format : Exam questions will essentially be essay format. You should bring at least one bluebook. You may write in pen or pencil, whichever you prefer. Definitions of Folklore Genres : (be especially aware of the distinctive features that allow us to differentiate between each category). Myth -held to be sacred and true -core narratives in larger ideological systems -set outside of historical time (In the beginning…) -describe events of divine and semi-divine characters -explain key aspects of world order -multi-episodic -often performed in ritual or ceremonial contexts Legend (local, contemporary/urban) -negotiation of truth related to extraordinary or fantastic event -set in historical time, references to real people and places -mono-episodic Folktale -related as fiction or fairytale -poorly developed, 2-D characters -characters represent opposites/ contrasts -single stranded movement from beginning to end -simple and repetitive action Personal Experience Narrative -first-person narratives based on real (sometimes embroidered) incidents in one’s life Memorate -a personal experience narrative about an encounter with paranormal/supernatural; generally told from a first person point of view Joke -humorous oral narrative, generally simple text, earthy in content, often ancient in origin, ubiquitous in distribution, endless in variety, through presented as non-serious- can offer powerful commentary on cultural/social realities Proverb - “Short, generally known sentences of the folk that contain wisdom, truths, morals, and traditional views in a metaphorical, fixed and memorizable form and that are handed down orally from generation to generation.” Rumor - “unsubstantiated information, true or untrue, that passes by word of mouth, often in wider networks than gossip.” –“a legend is an actual story of doubtful truth, whereas a rumor is just an unverified report
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Key Terms, Concepts, and Examples (In No Particular Order) : Emic -culture-specific understanding/ Etic -“scientific” or culturally neutral understanding Esoteric -notions of self/ Exoteric Factors -notions about others The Twin Laws of Folklore Process -Conservatism vs. Dynamism Tradition Bearer (Active/Passive)
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This note was uploaded on 08/11/2010 for the course CHEM CHEM 14C taught by Professor Hardinger during the Spring '09 term at UCLA.

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WAC22 A Brief Study Guide to the Midterm Examination-1 -...

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