Multiple Americas - 1 English 226 Third Position Paper...

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1 English 226 Third Position Paper Money and Sense of Social Belonging After the turn of Twentieth Century, money broke the rigid race differences that divided the black and white population in the United States and instead created divisions within the black community. The white community in America is regarded as the true owners of the country due to their monetary power. In contrast to the white community are the old Negro who are poor and have little stake in the economy. However, a new category of wealthy black, called new Negro, has emerged and is regarded just like whites concerning the aspect of belonging in the land. The country is deemed to belong to the white supremacists and black elites who generally have money while the old Negro is regarded as improper citizens. Possession of money creates a sense of belonging in the nation for African Americans since it improves the social status and has strong impact on one’s ability to belong to America. “The New Negro” by Locke and “Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man” by Johnson map out the transformation that has occurred within the black race due to possession of money and attest that possession of money is a condition which makes the black people to be really regarded as normal citizens in the United States. Money has transformed the life of the Negro community from the state of oppression to independence from the white community. “The New Negro” expounds how the black people have changed from subjects of oppression to independence through the acquisition of money. Locke notes that the movement of Negroes from the south to the north and to cities could be “explained primarily in terms of a new vision of opportunity, of social and economic freedom, of a spirit to seize, even in the face of an extortionate
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2 and heavy toll, a chance for the improvement of conditions” (Locke, 1496). The movement of the black people from the south to the north and to cities also marks their movement from the poor class to a wealthy, independent one. Moreover, the wealthy
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Multiple Americas - 1 English 226 Third Position Paper...

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