L2 - F IT 1 0 0 3 IT in O r g a n is a tio n s W eek 2...

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1 www.infotech.monash.edu.au FIT1003 IT in Organisations Week 2 Information and Information Systems www.infotech.monash.edu.au 2 Objectives for this session • Understand the difference between data and information • Distinguish between transactional and analytical information; • Describe the characteristics of information in terms of timeliness and quality, particularly completeness, accuracy and correctness www.infotech.monash.edu.au 3 Objectives for this session • Define the concept of an information system, and appreciate their importance; • Describe the basic features of transaction processing systems, decision support systems and executive information systems, the levels of management that use these systems for decision making and the types of decisions they are able to assist. • Recognise and describe information system activities - input, output, processing, storage and control, and the resources needed for information systems to function
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2 www.infotech.monash.edu.au 4 Where we are in the unit … Organisations IT, IS Information Organisations using IT and IS Risks and liabilities of IT and IS Week 2: Information and Information Systems Communication in organisations The IT Profession www.infotech.monash.edu.au 5 Data/Information/Knowledge: What’s the difference? Data – raw facts > Student’ name, Subject codes, Results Information – facts organised to have additional value > These are the results for this student > This is the result distribution for this unit Knowledge – a function of human experience, judgement and wisdom – synthesised and contextualised from information > While this fail rate is high it is normal for this type of unit www.monash.edu.au 6 Peculiar properties of information • May be costly to produce, but is often cheap to reproduce (particularly in digital form) • Can often be freely shared with others, yet still retain its worth • What does this imply for your role as an information professional?
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3 www.infotech.monash.edu.au 7 What characteristics do we want our information to have ? • Is it error free? • Does it contain all the necessary facts? • Is aggregate or summary information in agreement
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This note was uploaded on 08/15/2010 for the course FIT 1003 taught by Professor Yeap during the Three '10 term at Monash.

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L2 - F IT 1 0 0 3 IT in O r g a n is a tio n s W eek 2...

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