4545739-Computer-Software - Chapter 4 Computer Software...

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Chapter 4 Computer Software James A. O'Brien, and George Marakas. Management Information Systems with MISource 2007, 8 th ed. Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill, Inc., 2007. ISBN: 13 9780073323091
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Chapter 4 Computer Software 2 Describe several important trends occurring in computer software Give examples of several major types of application and system software Explain the purpose of several popular software packages for end user productivity and collaborative computing Define and describe the functions of an operating system Describe the main uses of computer programming software, tools, and languages Learning Objectives
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Chapter 4 Computer Software 3 Case 1 Microsoft Supports Processes Microsoft is focusing on different industries and writing software products to support them Examples : financial services, communications, government, education, automotive, retail Vertical segments : a specific industry Accelerators : software add-ons aimed at business processes common to a given industry Software layers : serves the needs of a broad base of companies in a particular sector, inserted into enterprise applications
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Chapter 4 Computer Software 4 Case Study Questions A common phrase among IT professionals is “The world views its data through Windows.” Why does Microsoft dominate the desktop and networked software market? How successful will Microsoft be in competing with software vendors who specialize in specific market applications, like health care, retail, and other specialty services? Do you agree with Microsoft’s strategy to develop industry-specific partners to capitalize on opportunities in both large and small sectors? Is there an advantage or a disadvantage to being one of Microsoft’s partners in this type of relationship?
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Chapter 4 Computer Software 5 Types of Application & System Software
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Chapter 4 Computer Software 6 Application Software General Purpose Programs that perform common information processing jobs for end users; e.g., word processing, spreadsheet Also call productivity packages Custom Software Software applications developed within an organization for use by that organization Commercial Off-the-Shelf (COTS) Many copies sold Minimal changes beyond scheduled upgrades Purchasers have no control over specifications, schedule, or evolution, and no access to source code or internal documentation Product vendor retains the intellectual property rights of the software
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Chapter 4 Computer Software 7 Application Software Open-source Software Developers collaborate on the development of an application using programming standards which allow anyone to contribute to the software As each developer completes a project, the application code becomes available and free to anyone who wants it
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Chapter 4 Computer Software 8 Business Application Software Function-Specific Application Software Thousands of these packages support specific applications of end users
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This note was uploaded on 08/15/2010 for the course COMPUTER E IT-402 taught by Professor Muhammadkashifshaikh during the Spring '10 term at Sir Syed University of Engineering &Technology.

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4545739-Computer-Software - Chapter 4 Computer Software...

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