SAT Practise Test 2

SAT Practise Test 2 - Answer Sheets 1 SECTION A B D E C...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Answer Sheets 1 SECTION A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A O B D E C OOOO 6 7 8 9 10 A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A O B D E C OOOO 11 12 13 14 15 A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A O B D E C OOOO 16 17 18 19 20 A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO 2 3 4 5 1 SECTION A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO 1 2 3 4 5 6 A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A O B O C O D O E O 7 8 9 10 11 A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A O B O C O D O E O 12 13 14 15 16 A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A O B O C O D O E O 17 18 19 20 21 A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO 2 SECTION A B D E C OOOOO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A O B O C O D O E O 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A O B O C O D O E O 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A O B O C O D O E O 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO 3 SECTION A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A O B O C O D O E O 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A O B O C O D O E O 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A O B O C O D O E O 22 23 24 25 26 27 A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO 4 SECTION A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A O B D E C OOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A O B D E C OOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A O B D E C OOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO 1 2 3 4 5 6 A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A O B O C O D O E O 7 8 9 10 11 A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A O B O C O D O E O 12 13 14 15 16 A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A O B O C O D O E O 17 18 19 20 21 A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO 5 A B D E C OOOOO Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 1 Answer Sheets SECTION 1 2 3 4 A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A O B D E C OOOO 5 6 7 8 A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A O B D E C OOOO 9 10 11 12 A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A O B D E C OOOO 13 14 15 16 A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO 6 SECTION 7 1 For Questions 1–13: Only answers entered in the ovals in each grid area will be scored. You will not receive credit for anything written in the boxes above the ovals. 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 2 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. Practice Test 2 Section 1 20 Questions j Time—25 Minutes 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Directions: Read each of the passages carefully, then answer the questions that come after them. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 The answer to each question may be stated overtly or only implied. You will not have to use 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 outside knowledge to answer the questions—all the material you will need will be in the passage 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 itself. In some cases, you will be asked to read two related passages and answer questions about 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 their relationship to one another. Mark the letter of your choice on your answer sheet. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 A bill is the form used for most legislation in 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1. From the passage, it can be inferred that a 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 the United State Congress. Only constitutional 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 bill that is designated as H.R. 1 is the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 amendments and procedural issues affecting the 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 first bill 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 House and Senate are adopted by a resolution, 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) voted upon by the House of Repre2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 rather than a bill. Bills can be written to be 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 sentatives in a particular session of 2 permanent or temporary, general or special. A 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Congress. 2 bill originating in the House of Representatives 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) submitted to the House of Represen234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 is designated by the letters “H.R.,” signifying 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 tatives in a particular session of 2 1 “House of Representatives,” followed by a 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Congress. 2 number that it retains throughout all its 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) sent to the Senate from the House of 2 parliamentary stages. The number on the bill is 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Representatives in a particular 2 determined by the order in which it was 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 session of Congress. 2 submitted during a particular session. Bills are 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) originating in the House of Repre2 presented to the President for action when 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 sentatives signed by the President in 2 approved in identical form by both the House 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 a particular session of Congress. 2 of Representatives and the Senate. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) debated on the floor of the House of 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 Representatives in a particular 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 session of Congress. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 3 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 2. It is implied in the passage that once a bill 4. Given what the passage states about 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 is passed in the House of Representatives Native American views of nature, which 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 that it might be sent to which of the of the following scenarios most accords 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 following two places? with a Native American view? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) Senate, conference committee (A) Studying a microorganism removed 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) Senate, House committee from its habitat. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) Senate, President (B) Studying Earth through satellite 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) President, Supreme Court images. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) President, Congress (C) Studying only animals and sub2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 stances with spiritual symbolism. 2Native American views of nature have impor1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 (D) Studying a specific organism’s 2tant parallels in contemporary ecology. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 interrelationships with its habitat. 2Through traditional customs and symbols like 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) Studying a habitat as a whole. 2the medicine wheel, a circular arrangement of 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2stones often interpreted as representing the 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Questions 5–12 are based on the following 2relationship between Earth, air, water, and fire, 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 passage. 2Native Americans have long recognized and 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2celebrated the connectedness among all natural 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 This passage is about Aaron Copland, one of the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 most celebrated American composers. 2things. Indeed, the Native American view of the 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2world has always been consistent with that of 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Line Copland’s music of the late 1920s 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2Earth ecology—that Earth is a single system of 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 culminates in two key works, both 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2interconnected parts. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 uncompromising in their modernism: the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Symphonic Ode of 1929 and the Piano 2 1 2 3. The symbol of the medicine wheel is given 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (5) Variations of 1930. The fate of these 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 compositions contrasts sharply. While the as a(n) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Piano Variations is not often performed 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) illustration of how Native Americans 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 in concert, it is well known to pianists 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 view the Earth as an interconnected 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 because, although it does contain 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 system. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (10) virtuoso passages, even those of very 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) example of the Native American 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 modest ability can “play at” the work in 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 understanding of the four elements. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 private. It represents the twentieth2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) example of the interrelatedness of the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 century continuation of the great 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 four basic elements. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 tradition of keyboard variations—the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) critique of contemporary ecological 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (15) tradition that produced such works as understandings of the Earth. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the Bach Goldberg Variations, and (E) contrast to contemporary ecological 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 Beethoven’s Diabelli Variations. Copunderstandings of the Earth. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 land’s Symphonic Ode, on the other 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 hand, remains almost unknown: An 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (20) intense symphonic movement, it was 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 considered unperformable by the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 conductor Serge Koussevitzky, otherwise 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the most potent American champion of 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 4 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Copland’s work during the first half of 2 (Some of the folk music he heard in Rio 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 (25) the century. Koussevitzky did perform a 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 de Janeiro on this trip appears in his later 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 revised version in 1932; but even with a works.) Copland in fact envisioned 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 second, more extensive revision in 1955, (70) “American music” as being music of the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the Ode is seldom played. It is Copland’s Americas as a whole. His own use of 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 single longest orchestral movement. Mexican material in the mid-1930s 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 (30) 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Perhaps as a reaction to the perforhelped make his style more accessible to 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 mance problems of the Symphonic Ode, listeners not willing to accept the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (75) Copland’s next two orchestral works challenges of modern symphonic music. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 deal in shorter units of time: the Short 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Symphony of 1933 requires fifteen 5. What is the author’s tone toward Cop2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 (35) minutes for three movements and the six 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 land’s music? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Statements for orchestra of 1935 last 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) Strident skepticism 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 only nineteen minutes. Yet, in fact, these 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) Clinical objectivity 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 works were more complex than the Ode; 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) Respectful description 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 in particular, the wiry, agile rhythms of 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) Qualified enthusiasm 2 (40) the opening movement of the Short 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) Unqualified praise Symphony proved too much for both the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 conductors Serge Koussevitzky and 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 6. The word “virtuoso” in line 10 could best Leopold Stokowski. In the end it was 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 be replaced with 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Carlos Chávez and the Orquesta Sin2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) ostentatious. 2 (45) fónica de México who gave the Short 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Symphony its premiere. (B) intricate 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 It may have been partly Copland’s (C) raucous. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 friendship with Carlos Chávez that drew (D) abstruse. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 him to Mexico. Copland first visited (E) publicized. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 (50) Mexico in 1932 and returned frequently 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 in later years. His initial delight in the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 country is related in his letter of January 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 13, 1933, to Mary Lescaze, in which he 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 glowingly describes the Mexican people 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 (55) and the Mexican landscape. His interest 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 in Mexico is also reflected in his music, 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 including El Salón México (1936) and 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the Three Latin American Sketches 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (1972). 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 (60) 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Mexico was not Copland’s only Latin 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 American interest. A 1941 trip to 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Havana suggested his Danzón Cubano. 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 By the early 1940s he was friends with 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 South American composers such as 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 (65) Jacobo Ficher, and in 1947 he toured 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 South America for the State Department. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 5 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 7. In the first paragraph the author states 9. The author of the passage believes that 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 that Symphonic Ode and Piano Variations Copland’s works immediately subsequent 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 had different fates in that to the Symphonic Ode were possibly 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 written 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) one was largely ignored while the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 other was almost universally praised. (A) for Copland’s new relationship with 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) one, a simpler piece, won popular Carlos Chávez and the Orquesta 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 acclaim, while the other, a more Sinfónica de México. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 complex piece, won critical acclaim. (B) to be simpler than the Symphonic 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) one, a simpler piece, became widely Ode, on account of its difficulty in 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 known by pianists, but the other, a being performed. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 more complex piece, remained (C) to be shorter than the Symphonic 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 largely unknown. Ode, because the Ode was not being 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) one, featuring Mexican influences, performed. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 was popular in Latin America, and (D) to demand even more of conductors 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the other, a modernist piece, was 2 and musicians attempting to play 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 popular in the United States. Copland’s music. 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 (E) both were initially acclaimed but (E) to reflect Copland’s new interest in 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 only one became part of Copland’s Latin America. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 corpus of beloved works. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 10. In the sentence beginning “Yet, in fact, 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 8. Koussevitzky is mentioned as an example 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 these works. . .” in lines 37–43 [second 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 of a(n) paragraph], the author suggests that 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) American conductor who admired (A) parts of the Short Symphony simply 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Copland’s work, but nonetheless 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 weren’t melodic enough to engage 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 found some pieces too difficult to audiences. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 perform. (B) the Statements were too brief to 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) friend of Copland’s who agreed to warrant a formal performance. 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 perform his less popular works. (C) even those who admired Copland’s 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) European composer who took issue work lost patience with the Short 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 with the difficulty of Copland’s Symphony and Statements. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 early work. (D) the Statements and Short Symphony 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) musician who appreciated Copland’s determined which performers were 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 work but was unable to play it. truly excellent and which were 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) European conductor who performed mediocre. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Copland’s work. (E) the Short Symphony had melodies 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 that were too quick to be played 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 even by famous musicians. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 6 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 round, we are still just barely skimming 2 11. The author suggests that Copland believed 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (10) Latin American music the surface when you consider that the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 diameter of the Earth is over 8,000 miles. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) was unfamiliar enough to a North 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 So how much of the Earth can we see 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 American audience that he needed to 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 at one time? When you are standing on 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 introduce them to it. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the ground, the horizon is a few miles 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) was different enough from North 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (15) away. When in a tall building, the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 American music that incorporating 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 horizon can be as far as about 40 miles. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 aspects of it would make his music 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 From the International Space Station, the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 unique and exciting. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 distance to the horizon is over 1,000 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) influenced and was influenced by 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 miles. So from horizon to horizon, the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 North American music. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (20) section of the Earth you can see at any 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) primarily originated in Mexico 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 one time is a patch about 2,000 miles 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 and Cuba. 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 across, almost enough to see the entire 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) embodied the polar opposite of 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 United States at once. It isn’t exactly modernist aesthetics. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 seeing the Earth like a big blue marble, 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 12. The sentence beginning “His own use of (25) it’s more like having your face up against 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 a big blue beach ball. When I look out a 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Mexican material. . . “ in lines 71–75 sug2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 window that faces straight down, it is 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 gests that the modernist music which also 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 actually pretty hard to see the horizon— 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 influenced Copland’s compositions was 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 you need to get your face very close to 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) superior in quality to his Latin (30) the window. So what you see out a 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 American influences. window like that is a moving patch of 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 (B) dry and passionless. ground (or water). 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 (C) technically more challenging to 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 From the time a place on the ground 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 perform. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 comes into view until it disappears over 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) inaccessible but rewarding. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (35) the horizon is only a few minutes, since 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) outmoded by the 1930s. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 we are traveling 300 miles per minute. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 When looking out a sideward facing 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Questions 13–20 are based on the following 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 window, you can see the horizon of the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 passage. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Earth against the black background of 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (40) space. The horizon is distinctly curved. 2 The following passage was written by Ed Lu, an 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 astronaut, while a crew member of the Interna1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 The edge of the Earth isn’t distinct but 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 tional Space Station. rather is smeared out due to the atmo2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 sphere. Here you can get a feel for how 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Line Whenever I get a chance, I spend time 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 relatively thin the atmosphere is com2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 just observing the planet below. It turns (45) pared to the Earth as a whole. I can see 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 out you can see a lot more from up here that the width of the atmosphere on the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 than you might expect. First off, we horizon is about 1 degree in angular size, 2 1 2 (5) aren’t as far away as some people 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 which is about the width of your index 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 think—our orbit is only about 240 miles finger held out at arms length. There 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 above the surface of the Earth. While this (50) really isn’t a sharp boundary to the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 is high enough to see that the Earth is atmosphere, but it gets rapidly thinner 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the higher you go. Not many airplanes 2 14. The second half of the second paragraph 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 can fly higher than about 10 miles, and is primarily concerned with 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the highest mountains are only about 6 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) how one’s location affects one’s 2(55) miles high. Above about 30 miles there is 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 visual horizon. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 very little air to speak of, but at night 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) the thickness and density of the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 you can see a faint glow from what little 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 atmosphere. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 air there is at that height. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) the speed of the International Space 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Since we orbit at an altitude about 40 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Station. 2(60) times higher than the tallest mountain, 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) the visual horizon from atop a 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the surface of the Earth is pretty smooth 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 tall building. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 from our perspective. A good way to 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 (E) being able to see all the Earth at once. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 imagine our view is to stand up and look 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 down at your feet. Imagine that your eyes 15. The author compares the view of the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (65) are where the International Space Station Earth from a downward-facing window in 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 is orbiting, and the floor is the surface of the International Space Station to 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the Earth. The atmosphere would be 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) holding a blue marble at arm’s 2 1 about 6 inches high, and the height of the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 length. tallest mountain is less than 2 inches, or 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2(70) about the height of the tops of your feet. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) having your face up-close to a big 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 blue beach ball. Almost all of the people below you 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) looking at the tips of your shoes would live in the first one quarter of an 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 when standing up. inch from the floor. The horizon of the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) looking at an object that is on the Earth is a little over 20 feet away from 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2(75) where you are standing. If you are 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 ground fifteen feet away when you 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 are standing up. standing on top of Denver, then about 15 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) the view from a high-flying plane. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 feet to one side you can see San Fran2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 cisco, and about 15 feet to the other side 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 16. In the passage, the author contrasts the 2 1 you can see Chicago. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 view from a window looking “straight 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 down” with the view from 2 13. The primary purpose of this passage is to 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) the observational deck. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) provide a layperson’s account of the 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) a sideward-facing window. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Space Station’s motion over the Earth. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) a passenger airliner. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) explain the relationship between the 2 1 (D) a window looking “straight up.” 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 diameter of the Earth and the (E) the circular windows on the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 thickness of the Earth’s atmosphere. space station. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) answer the imagined question, “What 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 do astronauts see from space?” 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) give a glimpse of some of the daily 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 activities of astronauts in space. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) discuss the thickness and composi2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 tion of the atmosphere. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 8 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 17. The “faint glow” at night that the author 19. The tone of the passage is best described as 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 speaks of in the passage comes from 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) fairly technical. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) low-lying atmosphere. B. highly professional. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) the outer edges of the atmosphere. (C) refreshingly irreverent. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) the eastern horizon of the Earth just (D) engagingly conversational. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 before sunrise. (E) lyrically impassioned. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) haze from foreign particulates in the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 20. From the passage as a whole, it can be atmosphere. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 inferred that the astronauts’ training (E) the sun reflecting off aircraft in the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 high atmosphere. (A) did not prepare them for their free 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 time in space. 2 18. In the last paragraph the author provides 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) included a great deal of zero-gravity 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the thought exercise with the reader’s 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 exercises. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 height primarily to 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) was more physical than technical. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) demonstrate the distance from (D) involved a strong background 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Denver to San Francisco. in math. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) give the reader a concrete sense of (E) focused on the astronauts’ communi2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the proportions involved in looking cation procedures and abilities. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 down from the space station. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) point out that most humans live at a 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 low altitude relative to the height of 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the atmosphere. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) illustrate the expansion of one’s 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 horizon at high altitudes. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) provide visual details of his activities 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 in space. 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Do not proceed to the next section until time is up. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 STOP Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 9 Section 2 21 Questions j Time—25 Minutes 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Directions: Solve the following problems using any available space on the page for scratchwork. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Mark the letter of your choice on the answer sheet that best corresponds to the correct answer. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Notes: 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1. You may use a calculator. All of the numbers used are real numbers. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2. You may use the figures that accompany the problems to help you find the solution. Unless 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the instructions say that a figure is not drawn to scale, assume that it has been drawn 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 accurately. Each figure lies in a plane unless the instructions say otherwise. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2s r 2x 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 w r xs 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 c h h hb 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 w 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 s b 3x a A 5 pr2 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 2 2 2 2 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 C 5 2pr A 5 ,w A 5 bh V 5 ,wh V 5 pr h c 5 a 1 b Special Right Triangles 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 The number of degrees of arc in a circle is 360. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 The measure in degrees of a straight angle is 180. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 The sum of the measures in degrees of the angles of a triangle is 180. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 2 1. If x 1 4y 5 3 and x 5 2y, then y 5 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2. It takes Michael three hours to mow 2d 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 acres. If Michael mows d acres at the same 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 21 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 rate, how many minutes would it take? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) 0 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 1 (A) 75 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 2 (B) 90 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 3 (C) 100 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 120 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 150 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 Reference Information 45 60 30 45 10 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 7. If =x2 5 2x 1 3, then x 5 2 3. If 3f 1 15 5 27, then 3f 2 6 5 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 2x (A) 6 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) 23 (B) 10 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) x (C) 12 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 21 (D) 17 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 4 (E) 20 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 4. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 8. If |x 1 1| . |y| then which of the following 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 expresses the relationship between 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 x and y? 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 (A) x 1 1 . y 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) x 1 1 . y 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) x , y 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 What is the value of x 1 y? (D) x . y 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) It cannot be determined. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) 7=2 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 9. 75% of 104 is the same value as 60% of 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 7=3 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 what number? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 14 (A) 130 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) It cannot be determined. (B) 133 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 136 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 5. Steve bought a snack and a drink for 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 140 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 $1.30. If the snack costs twenty cents less (E) 144 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 than the drink, how much does the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 drink cost? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 10. If 3y 2 x 5 12 is the equation of a line, 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 what is twice the value of this line’s (A) $0.50 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 y-intercept? (B) $0.55 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) $0.65 (A) 22 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) $0.75 (B) 2 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) $0.80 (C) 4 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 8 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 6. If f(x) 5 x 1 xx, when x 5 2, f(2x) 5 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 24 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 6 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) 20 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 200 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 260 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 4096 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 11 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 14. If A . B . C . D . E, and each is a digit 2 11. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 p q 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 through 9, then ABCD 2 { (ABCD) is 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) less than zero. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) between zero and 100. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) between 100 and 500. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) between 500 and 1000. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) more than 1000. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 m 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 15. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Given the figure above, which of the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 following must be a true statement? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) x . y 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) x , y 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) x 5 y 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) x 1 y 5 90 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) x 2 y 5 90 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2Questions 12–14 refer to the following 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2definition. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2Let { m be defined for any positive integer m as 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 the number obtained when the first and last digit 2of m switch places. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 If RT 5 18, what is the area of the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 above circle? 2 For example { 4 5 4, { 35 5 53, and 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 { 2003 5 3002. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 6p 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) 12p 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 12. { 2323 2 { 2321 5 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 36p 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 81p 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 2 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 324p 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) 20 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 200 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 2000 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 20,000 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 13. If A is a two-digit number between 10 and 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 20 and ({ A)2 5 {(A2), then A 5 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 11 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) 13 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 14 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 16 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 18 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 12 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 18. Which of the following is the product of 2 16. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 two prime numbers whose difference is 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 twenty one? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 46 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) 51 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 55 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 57 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 58 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 19. What is the distance from the midpoint of 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 DE to the origin, if D(0,12) and E(5,0)? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 5 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 According to the above table, which of the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) 6.5 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 following statements is true? (C) 8.2 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 12 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) September total sales are 3.5% 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 13 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 greater than August total sales. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 (B) September total sales are 2.5% less 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 20. If 2b2 5 (b 2 7)(b 1 3) 2 (2b 1 2)(b 1 5), 2 than August total sales. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 then b equals 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) September total sales are 2.5% 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 15 greater than August total sales. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 21 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 16 (D) September total sales are 5.4% less 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 3 than August total sales. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 8 (E) September total sales are 5.4% 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 2 greater than August total sales. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 10 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 2 2 17. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 11 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 5 2 1 3 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 21. Between 1950 and 2000, the population of 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Cree County tripled every ten years, except 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 for the decade of the 1980s when the popu2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 lation of the country fell by one-half. If the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 population of Cree country was 1000 people 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 What is the perimeter of the above figure? 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 in 1950, what is the population now? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 24 (A) 40,500 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 (B) 25 (B) 72,900 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 121,500 (C) 26 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 218,700 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 27 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 243,000 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 28 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Do not proceed to the next section until time is up. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 STOP Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 13 Section 3 30 Questions j Time—25 Minutes 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2Identifying Sentence Errors 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Directions: Mark the letter of your choice on the answer sheet that best corresponds to the 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 correct answer. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Notes: 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1. The following questions test your knowledge of the rules of English grammar, as well as 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 word usage, word choice, and idioms. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2. Some sentences are correct, but others contain a single error. No sentence contains more 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 than one error. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 3. Any errors that occur will be found in the underlined portion of the sentence. Choose the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 letter underneath the error to indicate the part of the sentence that must be changed. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 4. If there is no error, pick answer choice (E). 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 5. There will be no change in any parts of the sentence that are not underlined. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1. The scientists found that there were less 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 3. The team, which is composed of four 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 A A 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 strands of the mold they were studying cyclists, compete against other cycling 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 B C B 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 than they needed to conduct the experiteams from around the nation and around 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 D C D 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 ment. No error the world. No error 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 E E 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 2. The painter gave a fantastic demonstration 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 4. Depending on which historian you read, 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 A A B 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 for Ada and I and we vowed to utilize the the Pax Romana was either as long as five 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 B C C 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 new technique in our own work . No error centuries or as short as three. No error 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 D E D E 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 14 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 8. The census statistics was a complex source 2 5. Because they have extensively surveyed the 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 A A 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Lower Ohio Valley, Louis and Clark of information, in that the demographers 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 B B 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 were well prepared to navigate uncharted knew that certain groups of people were 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 C C 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 territory along the Missouri River. No error more likely to respond than others. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 D E D 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 No error 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 2 6. The administrator suggested that the staff 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 E 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 9. Because of the large traffic jam, scarcely first focus on contacting 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 A A 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 prospective participants for the upcoming no one from the group made it to the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 B B C 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 seminar and then on follow-up with airport in time to catch the flight to the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 C D D 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 previous speakers. No error conference in San Antonio. No error 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 E E 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 7. The Ottoman Empire initiated better trade 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 10. Even though he had the title of 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 A B A 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 relations with the Austrian Empire when Vice-President of Operations, his duties 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 B 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 and responsibilities were not much greater its border disputes with Russia 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 C C 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 were resolved (D). No error than a midlevel manager. No error 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 D E D E 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 15 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2Improving Sentences 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Directions: 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1. The following questions test your knowledge of English grammar, word usage, word 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 choice, sentence construction, and punctuation. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2. Every sentence contains a portion that is underlined. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 3. Any errors that occur will be found in the underlined portion of the sentence. If you 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 believe there is an error, choose the answer choice that corrects the original mistake. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Answer choices (B), (C), (D), and (E) contain alternative phrasings of the underlined 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 portion. If the sentence contains an error, one of these alternate phrasings will correct it. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 4. Choice (A) repeats the original underlined portion. If you believe the underlined portion 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 does not contain any errors, select answer choice (A). 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 5. There will be no change in any parts of the sentence that are not underlined. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 11. In an effort to make the Constitution both 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12. Widely considered one of the most 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 more accessible and understandable to the original poets of all time, Gerard Manley 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 public, the House of Representatives has Hopkins’s poems display utterly noncon2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 authorized the publication of a series of ventional systems of rhyme. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 pamphlets about the Constitution. (A) Gerard Manley Hopkins’s poems 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) both more accessible and underdisplay utterly nonconventional 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 standable to the public systems of rhyme. 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) more both accessible and under(B) Gerard Manley Hopkins’s poems 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 standable to the public displayed utterly nonconventional 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) more accessible to the public and systems of rhyme. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 more understandable for it (C) Gerard Manley Hopkins’s poems 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) both more accessible and more have systems of rhyme that are 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 understandable to the public utterly nonconventional. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) accessible to the public and under(D) Gerard Manley Hopkins wrote 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 standable poems using utterly nonconventional 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 systems of rhyme. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) Gerard Manley Hopkins had written 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 poems that were displaying utterly 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 nonconventional systems of rhyme. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 16 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 14. Sputnik was the first artificial satellite 2 13. Eleanor Roosevelt, the wife of President 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 successfully propelled into orbit and began Franklin D. Roosevelt, made an active 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the space race between the United States contribution to many political organiza2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 tions, this included the Human Rights and the Soviet Union, in 1957 it was 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Commission. launched by the Soviets. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) organizations, this included the (A) Sputnik was the first artificial 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Human Rights Commission. satellite successfully propelled into 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) organizations, being included the orbit and began the space race 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Human Rights Commission. between the United States and the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) organizations, whose participation Soviet Union, in 1957 it was 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 included the Human Rights launched by the Soviets. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Commission. (B) In 1957, the first satellite and space 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) organizations; this including the race were beginning when Sputnik 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Human Rights Commission. was launched. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) organizations, including the Human (C) Launched by the Soviets in 1957, 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Rights Commission. Sputnik was the first artificial 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 satellite successfully propelled into 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 orbit, beginning the space race 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 between the United States and the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Soviet Union. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) The launching of Sputnik was in 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1957, the first artificial satellite was 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 successfully propelled and the space 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 race between the United States and 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the Soviet Union was begun. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) The first artificial satellite success2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 fully propelled into orbit was when 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Sputnik was launched in 1957, and 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the space race between the United 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 States and the Soviet Union was 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 begun as well. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 17 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 17. Domesticated over 5,000 years ago, the 2 15. The newly hired CEO stated clearly in her 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 opening address to the company that her camel is a useful pack animal because of 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 its tolerance for hot sand, extreme plans for reinvigorating the company were 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 temperatures, and it needs little drinkto cut back on discretionary spending, 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 ing water. refinance the company’s largest loans, and 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 her plans of keeping the company’s 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) of its tolerance for hot sand, extreme 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 holdings in the stock market. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 temperatures, and it needs little 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) her plans of keeping the company’s drinking water. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 holdings in the stock market. (B) of its tolerance for hot sand and 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) keep the company’s holdings in the extreme temperatures and its need 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 stock market. for water is very small. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) to get the company to keep its (C) it can tolerate hot sand, extreme 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 holdings in the stock market. temperatures, and a lack of drink2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) her plans to keep the company’s ing water. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 holdings in the stock market. (D) it can tolerate hot stand, withstand2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) keeping the company’s holdings in ing extreme temperatures, and needs 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 the stock market. little water. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) it can tolerate hot sand and extreme 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 16. Typically, a restaurant’s kitchen is divided 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 temperatures, and needs little water. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 into a number of sections, each with a 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 particular aspect of food preparation 18. Legally, an agreement among two people 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 performed there. to commit a crime or concealing it 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 constitutes a criminal conspiracy. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) each with a particular aspect of food 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 (A) among two people to commit a crime preparation performed there. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 or concealing it (B) each corresponding to a particular 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) among two people to commit a crime aspect of food preparation. 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 or agreeing to conceal it (C) where they each have their particu2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) among two people committing a lar aspect of food preparation to 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 crime or concealing it perform. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) between two people to commit a (D) which has a particular aspect of food 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 crime or conceal it preparation performed there. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) between two people in the commit(E) they each correspond to a particular 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 ting of a crime or the concealment aspect of food preparation. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 of it 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 18 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 20. If the high levels of stock market invest2 19. Not only was Sir Isaac Newton famous 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 ment are to continue it will depend upon for his pioneering work in Physics, he was 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 also a talented and well-respected ecoboth how long the stock market remains 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 nomic advisor to the king. stable and its long-term durability. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) he was also a talented and well(A) If the high levels of stock market 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 respected economic advisor to the king. investment are to continue it 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) he had also been a talented and will depend 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 well-respected economic advisor to (B) If the high levels of stock market 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the king. investment are to continue, depend2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) but he was also a talented and ing upon 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 well-respected economic advisor to (C) If the high levels of stock market 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the king. investment continue, it will depend 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) as he also was a talented and (D) Whether the high levels of stock 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 well-respected economic advisor to market investment continue will 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the king. depend 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) but he had also been a talented and (E) Whether the high levels of stock 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 well-respected economic advisor to market investment continue it 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the king. will depend 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 19 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2Improving Paragraphs 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Directions: 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1. The following questions test your knowledge of paragraph and sentence construction. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2. The following passage is a rough draft of an essay. This rough draft contains various 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 errors. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 3. Read the rough draft and then answer the questions that follow. Some questions will focus 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 on specific sentences and ask if there are any problems with that sentence’s word choice, 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 word usage, or overall structure. Other questions will ask about the paragraph itself. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 These questions will focus on paragraph organization and development. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 4. Select the answer that best reflects the rules of English grammar and proper essay and 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 paragraph writing. 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 century after when the philosophers 2 1 Questions 21–25 are based on the following 2passage. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 reckon the beginning of modern times. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (25) (11) The philosophers and the historians 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2The following passage is part of an essay about 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 have a bit of a discrepancy here. 2the different meanings of the word “modern.” 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (12) Of course, you might think both 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2Line (1) The word modern is a curious word 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the philosophers and the historians are a 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (2) It is curious for all its different bit off on this whole modernity thing. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 meanings. (3) If you take a freshman (30) (13) Who thinks of the mud and cobble2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 class in philosophy, for instance, your stone streets of Paris in the early decades 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2(5) professor might tell you about Rene 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 of the seventeenth century as modern? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Descartes. (4) Descartes was a French (14) Then again, London a century later 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 philosopher from the seventeenth 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 with the power of steam harnessed does 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 century. (5) Many consider him as the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (35) not strike most as the picture of modern 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 first figure in modern philosophy. (6) So 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 times. (15) Most of us, when we think of 2(10) if you are talking to a philosophy 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 what modern means, we are thinking 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 professor the word modern denotes 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 about computers and cell phones and 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 anytime between about 1615 and now. wireless networks. (16) We are not 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (7) (Of course, some philosophers think (40) thinking about some philosophical 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 that modern times ended a few decades discourse that a Frenchman wrote four 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2(15) back and that we are already in to 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 centuries back. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 postmodern times.) (8) Other academics 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 have a different timeline for the birth of 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 modern times, or modernity. (9) And 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 some historians point to the Industrial 2 1 2(20) Revolution in England as the beginning 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 of modernity. (10) This dating technique 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 puts the beginning of modernity at least a 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 20 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 23. Which of the following would be the best 2 21. Which of the following is the best 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 combination of sentences 1 and 2 replacement for “And” at the beginning of 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (reproduced below)? sentence 9 (reproduced below)? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 The word modern is a curious word. It is And some historians point to the Indus2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 curious for all its different meanings. trial Revolution in England as the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 beginning of modernity. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) The word modern is a curious word. It 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 is curious for all its different meanings. (A) However, 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 (B) Modern is a curious word because it (B) Moreover, 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 has all its different meanings. (C) Even so, 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) It is curious that the word modern (D) Considering this, 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 has various different meanings. (E) For example, 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 (D) Curiously, the word modern has 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 24. Which of the following is the best revision many different meanings. 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 of the underlined portions of sentence 10 (E) Modernity is a curious word for all 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (reproduced below)? its various different meanings. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 This dating technique puts the beginning 2 22. Which of the following is the best way to 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 of modernity at least a century after when 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 revise sentences 4 and 5 (reproduced 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the philosophers reckon the beginning of 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 below) so that they are condensed into 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 modern times. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 one sentence? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) As it is now. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Descartes was a French philosopher from (B) at least a century after when the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the seventeenth century. Many consider him 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 philosophers reckon it. 2 1 as the first figure in modern philosophy. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) at least a century after when the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 philosopher’s date modernity’s (A) Descartes was a French philosopher 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 from the seventeenth century, inception. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 considering him the first figure in (D) at least one century after when the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 modern philosophy. philosophers had reckoned the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) Descartes was a French philosopher inception of modernity. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 from the seventeenth century, whom (E) at least a century after its having 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 many consider the first figure in been reckoned by the philosophers. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 modern philosophy. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) Descartes was a French philosopher 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 from the seventeenth century, and 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 many consider him the first figure in 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 modern philosophy. 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) Descartes was a French philosopher 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 from the seventeenth century, so he was 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the first figure in modern philosophy. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) Descartes was a French philosopher 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 from the seventeenth century and 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 figuring him the first figure in 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 modern philosophy. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 21 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 larger group of people. (6) Those people 2 25. Which of the following is the best revision 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (15) of sentence 15 (reproduced below)? could be potential consumers. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (7) Many of our most famous 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Most of us, when we think of what 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 department store chains first expanded 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 modern means, we are thinking about 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 during this time. (8) These include Sears, 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 computers and cell phones and wireless 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Roebuck; Woolworth’s; the Great 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 networks. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (20) Atlantic and Pacific Tea Company (the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) As it is now. A&P); and Walgreen Drug. (9) Among 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) Most of us, when we think of what the most successful department stores 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 modern means, computers and cell was Filene’s in Boston and Macy’s in 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 phones and wireless networks New York. (10) Initially, department 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 coming to mind. (25) stores were more like the malls of today. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 (C) When we think of what modern 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (11) Each department was leased to an 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 means, think about computers and 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 individual owner. (12) Nowadays, 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 cell phones and wireless networks. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 virtually all departments are run by the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) Most of us, when we think of what 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 larger company, including restaurants. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 modern means, we are thinking 2 1 (30) (13) Also, with their radio cam2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 about computers, cell phones, paigns, the new department stores of the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 wireless networks. 1920s put on extravagant advertising 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) Most of us, when we think of what spectacles. (14) Sometimes, they even 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 modern means, think about computhosted entertainment events to attract 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 ers and cell phones and wireless (35) consumers. (15) The Macy’s Thanksgiv2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 networks. ing Day Parade, an attempt to capture 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 the children’s toy market, is one example 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2Questions 26–30 are based on the following 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 of popular merchandising. (16) Bloom2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2passage. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 ingdale’s posted ads on all New York 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (40) public transit, pronouncing, “All Cars 2The following is a first draft of an essay about 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Transfer to Bloomingdale’s.” 2the growth of the department store industry in 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2the 1920s. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2Line (1) Automobiles and radios became far 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 more affordable in the 1920s. (2) By 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1925 there was one automobile for every 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2(5) six people in the United States, by 1930 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 this had increased to one for every 4.6 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 people. (3) Also by 1930, about 4 in 10 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 American families owned radios. (4) The 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 popularity of automobiles and radios led 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 to the spread of chain stores of all kinds. 2 1 2(10) (5) Automobiles allowed consumers to 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 travel further in search of the right item 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 for the right price, while radios allowed 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 businesses to advertise their products to a 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 22 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 26. Which of the following is the best revision 28. If you were to combine sentences 10 and 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 of the underlined portions of sentences 5 11 (reproduced below), which would be 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 and 6 (reproduced below)? the most appropriate and precise punctua2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 tion mark to use? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Automobiles allowed consumers to travel 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 further in search of the right item for the Initially, department stores were more like 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 right price, while radios allowed busithe malls of today. Each department was 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 nesses to advertise their products to a leased to an individual owner. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 larger group of people. Those people 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) today ‘each. . . owner.’ 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 could be potential consumers. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) today; each 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) As it is now. (C) today: each 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) a larger group of people, who could (D) today (each. . . owner). 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 be potential consumers. 2 (E) today, each 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) a larger group of people, being 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 29. Which of the following is the best revision potential consumers. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 of the underlined portion of sentence 13 (D) a larger group of people, whom they 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (reproduced below)? made into potential consumers. 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) a larger group of people, having the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Also, with their radio campaigns, the new 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 potential to become consumers. 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 department stores of the 1920s put on 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 extravagant advertising spectacles. 2 27. “This time” in sentence 7 (reproduced 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) Moreover 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 below) is best made more specific. Which 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) Too 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 of the following phrases is the best 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) What’s more to their radio campaigns 2 1 revision? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) In addition to their radio campaigns 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Many of our most famous department 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) The radio campaigns being included 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 store chains first expanded during 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 this time. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 30. Which of the following sentences, if added 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 at the end of paragraph 3, is the best (A) these years 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 concluding sentence for the passage? (B) the twentieth century 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 (C) the same when automobile sales and (A) In the 20s, shopping and advertising 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 radio sales were also on the rise started to look a lot like they do now. 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) the years described in the previous (B) Other stores also had extravaganzas. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 paragraph (C) So now get in your car and drive to a 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) the 1920s department store! 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) Department Stores having become 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 huge successes. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 was always a big hit. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Do not proceed to the next section until time is up. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 STOP Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 23 Section 4 27 Questions j Time—25 Minutes 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Directions: Each sentence below has either one or two blanks in it and is followed by five 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 choices, labeled (A) through (E). These choices represent words or phrases that have been left 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 out. Choose the word or phrase that, if inserted into the sentence, would best fit the meaning of 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 the sentence as a whole. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Example: 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Canine massage is a veterinary technique 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 for calming dogs that are extremely __________. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) inept 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) disciplined 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) controlled 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) stressed 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) restrained 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 A B C E OOO ÞÞÞÞO Þ 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1. Jerome is a true __________ ; he rarely 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2. The property tax hike in Colson County 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 buys anything other than food, and even was not just __________ by the county 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 his food is plain and minimal. residents; a series of protests were even 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 __________. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) hermit 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) teetotaler (A) disliked. .organized 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) gourmand (B) espoused. .planned 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) ascetic (C) discouraged. .theorized 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) fanatic (D) bolstered. .analyzed 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) detested. .negotiated 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 24 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 3. There was criticism that the councilman 7. Despite the longstanding __________ 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 was __________ when he seized the between the clans, both clans __________ 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 ceremony __________ by the girl’s tragic each other in the aftermath of the disaster. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 death to speak out against his opponent. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) feud. .assisted 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) militaristic. . negated (B) grudge. .maligned 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) opportunistic. .afforded (C) detente. .withstood 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) unreceptive. .preempted (D) skirmish. . ameliorated 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) passive. . created (E) alliance. . discounted 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) defeatist. .overshadowed 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 8. The oral tradition of the Bambara people 2 4. The computer expert underscored that the 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 of West Africa is rich with humor and 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 new software would _____ the prior __________, characteristics which are 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 version; users could simply __________ evident in the merriment of their every2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the old one. day life. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) preclude. .destroy (A) irony 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) outdo. .implement (B) mirth 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) infect. .disregard (C) cynicism 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) undermine. .detach (D) history 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) supercede. .discard (E) mystery 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 5. Romania has a long and __________ 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 9. Although Astropithicus has more subspe2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 tradition of activist-poets, who through cies than Pthicalitius, the latter populates 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 poetry have __________ the dignity and the Earth with __________ numbers and 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 equality of humanity. in more __________ geographic regions. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) reputable. .initiated (A) greater. .diverse 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) storied. .articulated (B) lesser. .secluded 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) tenuous. .supported (C) milder. .remote 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) tactile. .decried (D) scanter. .familiar 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) exemplary. .countered (E) larger. .ominous 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 6. Dr. Patel expected the surgery to be 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 10. It is generally __________ by medical 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 __________ and laborious, but it turned practitioners that the last few weeks of a 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 out to be speedy and __________. pregnancy are crucial in the __________ of 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the fetus. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) fragile. .simple 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) compelling. .forthcoming (A) acknowledged. .progression 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) intricate. .straightforward (B) hedged. .health 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) endorsed. .birthing (D) complicated. .locatable 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) accepted. .development (E) hard. .mechanical 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) negated. .vitality 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 25 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 11. Though the organization espoused 15. Technology, instead of alleviating the 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 outward-focused ideals, in practice, it was demands upon our time, has made the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 quite __________. pace of modern-day life increase to a near 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 __________ pace. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) gregarious 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) vigilant (A) elicit 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) insular (B) frenetic 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) hermetic (C) lethargic 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) idiosyncratic (D) dilatory 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) cavalier 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 12. The prosecuting attorney described the 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 defendant’s character as __________ and 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Questions 16–27 are based on the following 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 base, but the defense attorney rejoined 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 passage. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 that the prosecution was __________ the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 The following passage tells the story of Juan 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 testimonials about the defendant. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Bautista Rael, an Hispanic-American scholar. It 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) dark. .misunderstanding is adapted from a biography written by Enrique 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) nefarious. .misconstruing R. Lamadrid. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) lackluster. .misinterpreting 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Line Linguist and folklorist Juan Bautista Rael 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) blustery. .misapplying 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 was a highly regarded academic pioneer. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) motley. .misrepresenting 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 His major contribution to linguistics was 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 13. Many believe that the new drug regime 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 collecting and documenting the Hispano 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (5) folk stories, plays, and religious tradiwill be a __________ for helping cure 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 tions of northern New Mexico and diverse ailments related to spinal dysfunc2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 southern Colorado. tions. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 Rael was born on August 14, 1900, 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) bane 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 in Arroyo Hondo, New Mexico. Famous 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) panacea (10) for its spectacular setting north of Taos, 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) module the village lies in a deep, narrow valley 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) fledgling between Taos mountain and the gorge of 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) pariah the Rio Grande to the west. His family 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 prospered in sheep and cattle ranching 2 14. The executive charged that the whistle1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (15) and owned a mercantile business that 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 blower’s actions were so self-centered that 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 served surrounding Hispano communities 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 they were not just __________ but even 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 as well as nearby Taos Pueblo. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 __________. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Juan’s parents, José Ignacio Rael and 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Soledad Santistevan, raised a family of (A) self-involved. .altruistic 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (20) four sons and a daughter. José Ignacio (B) ill-tempered. .narcissistic 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 had the foresight to recognize the (C) egocentric. .solipsistic 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 changes that were coming with the (D) unduly. .respectable 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 increasing Americanization of New (E) erratic. .destructive 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Mexico and realized that a fluent 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 (25) knowledge of English and a good 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 education would be necessary for his 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 26 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 family to excel. Since local schools were (70) 2 relinquished his family inheritance in 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 rudimentary at best, the family relied land, cattle, and sheep to his three 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 upon its own resources to get the best brothers and his sister. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 (30) possible education for the children. Juan 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Rael realized that the wealth in 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 was a dedicated student from his earliest northern New Mexico that interested 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 years, and his father’s ambition was for (75) him was the vast repertory of folk 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 him to become a lawyer and tend to the narrative, song, and custom that had 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 family lands and business. Juan’s scarcely been documented. While 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 (35) elementary schooling was at Saint 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 teaching at the University of Oregon, he 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Michael’s College in Santa Fe, and his returned to Arroyo Hondo in the summer 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (80) high school studies were at the Christian of 1930 to begin compiling his famous 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Brothers’ College in St. Louis, Missouri. collection of over five hundred Nuevo 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 The boy’s semester-long absences from Mexicano folk tales. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 By then his work had attracted the 2 (40) his family led him to treasure the simple 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 pleasures of village life. Summers are attention of pioneer Hispano folklorist 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (85) especially beautiful in Arroyo Hondo, Aurelio Espinosa who invited Rael to 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 and Christmas and Easter vacations were Stanford in 1933. Rael completed his 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 filled with colorful festivities and solemn doctoral studies in 1937 there with a 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 (45) ceremony. Rael later reminisced about 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 dissertation on the phonology and 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 how much the Pastores, or Shepherds’ morphology of New Mexico Spanish that 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (90) plays, impressed him as a child. Unamplified the work of Espinosa with the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 doubtedly, the instincts and sympathies huge corpus of folk tales, later published 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 of Rael the folklorist can be traced to as, Cuentos Españoles de Colorado y 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 (50) these beginnings—watching rehearsals Nuevo Mexico: Spanish Folk Tales of 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 and performances depicting shepherds, Colorado and New Mexico. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (95) hermits, and the rich ensemble of Well versed in the historic-geographic 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 pastoral characters. theory of transmission and diffusion of 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 What became clear in his postmotifs, tale types, and genres, Dr. Rael 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 (55) secondary studies is that he was much 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 set out on the formidable, almost 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 more attracted to literature, philology, quixotic task of gathering all the possible 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (100) versions and texts of the tales, hymns, and the emerging disciplines of linguistics 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 and folklore. His Bachelor’s degree, from and plays he was studying. The vast 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 St. Mary’s College in Oakland in 1923, majority of tales are of European 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 (60) led to a Master’s degree from the 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 provenance, with only minimal local 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 University of California at Berkeley in references. He meticulously traced the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (105) shepherds’ plays to several root sources 1927. In the meantime, in 1923, he 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 married Quirina Espinoza of Antonito, in Mexico, and his study, The Sources 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Colorado. Rael’s first inclination was to and Diffusion of the Mexican Shepherds’ 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 (65) become an English teacher, but his bride 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Plays, is a standard reference on the 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 helped convince him that his opportunisubject. His ground-breaking study of the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (110) alabado hymn, The New Mexican ties and strengths would be as an 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Hispanist. After deciding on a university Alabado, is also a prime resource. But 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 career of teaching and research, Rael inevitably the historic-geographic 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 27 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 approach led more to collection building 2 19. The author probably uses the word 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 than to analysis. Later generations of “relinquished” in line 70 to emphasize 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2(115) scholars would develop interests in 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 that 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 performance-centered studies, but the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) Rael had had friction with his 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 collections of Rael continue to be an 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 siblings. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 indispensable landmark in the field. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) Rael’s family was very wealthy. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) Rael had tried to be a rancher for 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 16. The author’s attitude towards Dr. Rael’s 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 some time. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 work can best be described as (D) Rael was relieved to be free of his 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 family duties. (A) laudatory. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 (E) Rael’s career path was difficult and (B) engaged. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 not lucrative. (C) ambivalent. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) disinterested. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 20. It can be inferred from the passage that 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) condescending. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 northern New Mexico in the early decades 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 of the twentieth century 2 17. The passage primarily 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) had a ranch-driven economy. (A) analyzes the academic contributions 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) was suffering severe economic of Dr. Rael. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 depression. (B) contrasts Dr. Rael’s work with the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) was economically booming because work of Dr. Espinosa. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 of a newly opened southern railroad (C) tells the story of Dr. Rael’s life and 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 route to California. work. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) had a strong public education system. (D) discusses the basic assumptions of 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) was not a primarily English-speaking Hispano scholarship. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 region. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) relates the story of the Rael family. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 21. Which of the following best describes Dr. 2 1 18. The passage implies that Rael decided that 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Espinosa’s relationship to Dr. Rael? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 he would have more opportunity as a 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Hispanist than as an English teacher 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) Boss 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 because 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) Critic 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) Mentor (A) Hispanics weren’t often hired to 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) Pastor teach English. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 (E) Father (B) Hispanic folklore would soon vanish. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) he would have to live far from his 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 22. The word “corpus” in line 91 most closely 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 family to teach English. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 means 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) his English skills were mediocre. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) becoming an Hispanist was a nearer (A) religious text. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 match to his educational back(B) oeuvre. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 ground. (C) published collection. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) dissertation. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) dialect. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 28 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 23. According to the passage, which of the 26. The main criticism the author offers of Dr. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 following of Dr. Rael’s activities as a Rael’s work is that it 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 young man was most important for the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) focuses too much on the Pastores. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 development of his later academic 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) privileges Spanish-language stories 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 interests? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 over English-language stories. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) Working on his family’s ranch (C) focuses too much on European 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) Watching Pastores as a young man stories and not enough on Mexican 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) Studying in a religious school stories. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) Reading books on the shepherds of (D) doesn’t offer enough analysis of the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 northern New Mexico folklore. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 (E) Struggling to retain his Spanish when (E) includes too many materials, without 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 his schooling was in English differentiating between good and 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 bad. 2 24. The phrase “diffusion of motifs” in lines 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 96–97 refers to 27. The passage suggests, in lines 97–101 that 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Dr. Rael 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) variations in the same stories that 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 occur over time or by region. (A) was mistaken about how much 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) adherence to standard literary folklore was circulating. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 structures. (B) traveled extensively as he gathered 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) variations in language use by region. folklore. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) the surprising similarity of stories in (C) was disorganized but intelligent in 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 different cultures. his methods. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 (E) the loss of folklore in more industri(D) had an historic insight about the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 alized societies. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 source of New Mexican folklore. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) developed an excessively technical 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 25. The word “provenance,” line 103, could 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 model for the development of 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 best be replaced with which of the folklore. 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 following words? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) Authority 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) Origin 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) Location 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) Destiny 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 (E) Ethos 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Do not proceed to the next section until time is up. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 STOP Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 29 Section 5 21 Questions j Time—25 Minutes 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Directions: Solve the following problems using any available space on the page for scratchwork. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Mark the letter of your choice on the answer sheet that best corresponds to the correct answer. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Notes: 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1. You may use a calculator. All of the numbers used are real numbers. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2. You may use the figures that accompany the problems to help you find the solution. Unless 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the instructions say that a figure is not drawn to scale, assume that it has been drawn 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 accurately. Each figure lies in a plane unless the instructions say otherwise. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2s r 2x 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 w r xs 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 c h h hb 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 w 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 s b 3x a A 5 pr2 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 2 2 2 2 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 C 5 2pr A 5 ,w A 5 bh V 5 ,wh V 5 pr h c 5 a 1 b Special Right Triangles 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 The number of degrees of arc in a circle is 360. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 The measure in degrees of a straight angle is 180. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 The sum of the measures in degrees of the angles of a triangle is 180. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 2x 2 1. At full capacity, Thompson Paper Factory 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2. If Z 5 and Z 5 3, then x 5 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 5 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 produces 200 sheets of paper per second. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 5 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 If the factory is operating at a quarter of (A) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 3 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 its full capacity, how many sheets of paper 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) 2 will the factory produce in twelve sec2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 onds? (C) 5 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 600 19 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) (B) 900 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 3 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 1200 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 15 (D) 2000 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 (E) 2400 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 Reference Information 45 60 30 45 30 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Questions 5–6 refer to the following table. 2 3. Which of the following is the greatest 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 common factor of 32 and 42? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 5. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 2 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) 3 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 6 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 8 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 12 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 4. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 According to the table, how many 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 students are there in 3rd and 4th grade at 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Hyde Park Elementary? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 30 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) 32 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 50 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 60 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 62 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 6. If there are 18 girls in 4th grade, how 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 many boys are there in 3rd and 4th grade 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 at Hyde Park Elementary? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 18 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) 22 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 What is the slope of the above line? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 26 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 3 (D) 30 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 A. 2 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 (E) 32 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 B. 2 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 3 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 C. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 3 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 D. 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 3 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 E. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 31 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 3x2 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 , for what values 7. Which of the following is the value of the 10. If f~x! 5 2 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 x 1 3x 2 18 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 3 22 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 of x is the function undefined? ~m4! is 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 exponent when the expression 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 5 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 0 m4 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 simplified? (B) 23,6 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 23,3 11 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 2 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 2,5 4 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 3,26 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 29 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 (B) 2 16 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 11. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 3 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 2 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 4 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 11 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 4 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 29 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 6 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 8. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 If f(x) is graphed above, then f(x) 5 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) x2 1 2 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) x2 2 2 In the right triangle above, what is the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 (C) 2x2 1 2 value of x? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 2(x2 1 2) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 15 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 2(x 12)2 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) 16 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 18 2 1 12. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 24 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 30 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 9. Taking the highway from Easton to 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Bethsaida is 7 miles longer than taking 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 surface streets from Easton to Bethsaida. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 If the above triangles are congruent, what 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 It is 31 miles total if you travel from 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 is the value of y? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Easton to Bethsaida via highway and 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 5 return via surface streets. How many miles 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 then, is the highway route? (B) =50 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 8 (A) 12 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) 13 (D) =75 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 15 (E) 9 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 17 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 19 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 32 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) 2 13. (y 1 2)2 5 (y 2 4)2 is true when y equals 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 1 only 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) 1 and 21 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 2 and 22 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 1 and 2 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 2 and 4 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 14. Z is the set of numbers 1 through 50 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 inclusive. How many members of Z are 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 evenly divisible by 2 and 3? 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 (A) 6 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) 8 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 14 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 16 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 25 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 15. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Which of the following figures is similar 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 to the shape shown above? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 33 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 18. 2 16. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 ABC is an equilateral triangle and DEFG 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 is a square. If AB 5 DE, how many 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 different ways can ABC be placed in 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 DEFG such that two vertices of the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 What is the area of the above figure? 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 triangle coincide with two corners of 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the square? (A) 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 4 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) =2 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) 6 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 2 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 8 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 1=2 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 10 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 4 (E) 12 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 17. The sum of eight positive even integers is 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 19. G, S, and T are three points that lie on a 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 50. If no integer can appear more than 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 plane. If the distance between G and S is 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 twice in the set, what is the greatest 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 9, and the distance between S and T is 5, 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 possible value of one of the integers. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 which of the following are possible 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 distances between G and T? 2 1 (A) 8 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) 18 I. 3 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 22 II. 5 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 24 III. 14 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 32 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) I only 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) II only 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) I and II only 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) II and III only 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) I, II, and III 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 34 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 21. 2 20. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 If AB 5 BC 5 AC 5 6, and D is the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 halfway between A and C, then BD 5 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 2=3 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) 3 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 3=3 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 The figure above is the diagram of an (D) 4=2 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 industrial fan blade. If the fan’s maximum 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 4=3 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 blade speed is 100 revolutions per 10 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 seconds, what is the greatest distance (in 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 feet) that any point on the blade could 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 travel in 30 seconds? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 100=2p 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) 200=3p 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 600=2p 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 600=3p 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 1200=2p 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Do not proceed to the next section until time is up. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 STOP Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 35 Section 6 16 Questions j Time—20 Minutes 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Directions: Each passage below is followed by a set of questions. Read each passage, then 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 answer the accompanying questions, basing your answers on what is stated or implied in the 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 passage and any introductory material provided. Mark the letter of your choice on the answer 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 sheet that best corresponds to the correct answer. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2Line Frederic Remington (1861–1909) has 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Line The question of what counts as literature 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 long been celebrated as one of the most has been strongly debated over the last 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 gifted interpreters of the American West. few decades both in and out of academia. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Initially, his western images appeared as Some argue that only the test of time 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2(5) illustrations in popular journals. As he 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (5) ultimately vindicates a fictional work’s 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 matured, however, Remington turned his claim to the status of literature. Their 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 attention away from illustration, argument runs like this: if people still 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 concentrating instead on painting and read, still reference, still care about a 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 sculpture. About 1900 he began a series work of fiction decades or even centuries 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2(10) of paintings that took as their subject the 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (10) after its original publication, then that 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 color of night. Before his premature work clearly rises to the auspicious status 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 death in 1909 at age 48, Remington of literature. Critics of this view, though, 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 completed more than seventy paintings in point out that this method of determining 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 which he explored the technical and what is and is not literature by definition 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (15) excludes contemporary works from 2(15) aesthetic difficulties of painting darkness. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 consideration. We do not know, they 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 1. The passage suggests Remington’s major rightfully contend, if a novel published in 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the last few years will be read in a artistic accomplishments were 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 hundred years or not. And so they ask, 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) magazine illustrations. (20) does this mean we cannot meaningfully 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) sculptures. discuss whether the work is important, or 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) paintings of nocturnal cityscapes. influential, or of great merit? 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) paintings of nocturnal landscapes. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) color studies. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 36 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 these were considerations that led the 2 2. The author uses the word “vindicates” to 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 emphasize that National Aeronautics and Space Admin2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 istration to Mars. Project Viking’s goal, 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) all works of fiction claim to be 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (20) after making a soft landing on Mars, was 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 literature. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 to execute a set of scientific investigations 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) all works of fiction are, in some 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 that would not only provide data on the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 sense, literature. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 physical nature of the planet but also 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) literature is a much more prestigious 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 make a first attempt at determining if 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 category than fiction. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (25) detectable life forms were present. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) the debate regarding what is litera2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 ture is excessively erudite. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 4. Which of the following does the para234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 (E) for a work to establish itself as 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 graph most emphasize as the motivation 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 literature is an incredible feat. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 for the Viking trip to Mars? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 3. The argument, given in the passage, 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) Fascination with chemistry on 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 against the “test of time” approach is that 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 another planet. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) it excludes by definition all writing (B) Four-century-old interest in the planet. 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 that is not fictional. (C) The advancement of space explora2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) it does not take trends in critical tion. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 interest into account. (D) Possibility of a space station on Mars. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) it excludes contemporary fiction (E) Possibility of life on Mars. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 from the discussion. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) it allows contemporary works to be Questions 5–16 are based on the following two 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 considered alongside the great works passages. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 of centuries past. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 The following two passages discuss the English 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) it gives too much weight to popular 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 and Metric systems of measurement. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 opinion. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Line Since the sixteenth century, astronomers 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Passage 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 have recognized Mars for what it is—a 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Line It is an oft-repeated tale that the English 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 relatively nearby planet not so unlike our 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 measurement of the yard was standard2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 own. The fourth planet from the sun and 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 ized when an English royal stepped into 2 (5) Earth’s closest neighbor, Mars has been 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 disputes about the measurement’s length 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the subject of modern scientists’ careful (5) and declared the distance from his 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 scrutiny with powerful telescopes, deep shoulder to the tip of his fingers as the 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 space probes, and orbiting spacecraft. In standard yard. Unlike many colorful 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1976, Earth-bound scientists were anecdotes from history, this one is true. 2 1 2 (10) brought significantly closer to their 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Early in the twelfth century, the English 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 subject of investigation when two Viking (10) king Henry I established the length of the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 probes touched down on that red soil. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 yard as the distance from the tip of his 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 The possibility of life on Mars, clues to 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 nose to the tip of his outstretched thumb. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the evolution of the solar system, 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 In our scientific age such stories seem 2 (15) fascination with the chemistry, geology, 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 earthy at best and ridiculous at worst. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 and meteorology of another planet— 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 37 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2(15) But not all ancient units of measure have manageable size, it was defined as one 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 such arbitrary origins. The mile is a good one-forty-millionth of the Earth’s 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 example of this. Though the mile is today circumference. They employed the word 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 counted as part of the English system of meter to harken back to the ancient 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (60) measurement, the unit dates back to Greek word metron, meaning measure. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2(20) ancient Rome. The English word mile 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 The rest of the metric system is even 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 derives from the Latin term mille, which less arbitrary in origin. The other metric 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 means one thousand. For the Romans, units of length were generated by either 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the mille was one thousand paces. A pace multiplying or dividing the meter by a 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (65) was two steps, or five feet roughly. This factor of ten. Thus a kilometer is 1000 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2(25) meant the mille was 5,000 feet. In 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 meters, and a centimeter is one one2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 medieval Europe, however, the 220-yard hundredths of a meter. It is the great asset 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 furlong became the dominant measureof the metric system, at least for scien2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 ment used. To reconcile the two measuretists, that units for measuring weight and 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (70) ments, the mile was lengthened to be energy are also derived from the basic 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2(30) eight furlongs. This made the mile 5,280 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 unit of the meter. For instance, weight is 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 feet. A sixteenth-century act of Parliameasured in grams, which are determined 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 ment fixed this measurement for the mile. by the weight of one cubic centimeter 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 It is true that the English system of of water. 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (75) measurement, the system that includes France made use of the metric system 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2(35) the mile, the yard, the foot, and the inch, 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 compulsory in 1840. Other countries 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 has a certain quirkiness to it because it rapidly followed suit. The adoption of 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 has evolved through human history. This the metric system, also known as the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 quirkiness might irritate scientists, but it international system, or S.I., coincided 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (80) is part and parcel of the tradition that with great advances in science. By 1900, 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2(40) has been bequeathed, in its accumulated 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 over 35 countries had officially adopted 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 form, to the English-speaking world. its use. In the United States, the system 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 has been dubbed “voluntary” and 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2Passage 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 “preferred,” but has never been made 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (85) compulsory. The metric system was conceived by 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 The measure of the meter has been twelve French scientists during the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 refined three times since its conception in French Revolution. Like many innova2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2(45) tions during the French Revolution, the 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1791. The latest was in 1983 when the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 speed of light was employed to give the metric system was formulated as a 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (90) greatest precision for the measurement to 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 scientific system that would replace 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 date. The distance that light travels in a 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 traditional ways of ordering society. The 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 vacuum in 1/299,792,458 of a second is 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 revolutionaries did not see it as a 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the internationally accepted definition of 2(50) coincidence that length was meted in 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 a meter. 2 1 measures based on the size of a medieval 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 king. Instead of these arbitrary standards, 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the metric system’s basic unit of measure, 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 the meter, was based upon the circumfer2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2(55) ence of the Earth. For the meter to be a 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 38 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 5. What is the author of Passage 1’s attitude 8. By “reconcile the two measurements,” 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 towards the English system of measure(line 28–32) the author means 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 ment? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) determine which one was accurate. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) Emphatic praise (B) develop a new system of measure2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) Qualified acceptance ment without the inaccuracies of 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) Neutrality the old. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) Strong criticism (C) settle the public’s disagreement over 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) Antipathy which was better. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) find a metric equivalent. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 6. In Passage 1, the story of Henry I is 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) cease using two different systems. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 offered primarily to 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 9. The author refers to the English system’s 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) demonstrate that the reader’s 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 “accumulated form” line 40–41 primarily 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 preconceptions about the English 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 to emphasize that the system 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 system are wrong. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) illustrate the role of the English (A) ceased to change once officially 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 monarchy in the development of the adopted. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 English system. (B) derives from a variety of sources. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) reveal how far back in time the (C) stretches back further than reliable 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 English system goes. written history. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) provide a concrete example of how (D) continues to evolve. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the arbitrariness of the English (E) was adopted wholesale. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 system developed. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 10. The authors of the two passages would be 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) suggest the practicality of the English 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 most likely to agree that the metric system 2 system. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) has a shorter but equally interesting 2 7. The word “earthy” in line 14 most closely 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 history as the English system. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 means 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) has a history that reaches back as far 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) unrefined. as the English system’s. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) musky. (C) has a longer history than the history 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) impractical. of the English system. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) old-fashioned. (D) should not be thought of historically. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) baffling. (E) has a history that is equally long but 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 less colorful than the English 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 system’s. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 39 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 11. According to Passage 2, the invention of 14. In Passage 2, the reason for the 1983 defini1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the metric system was tion of the meter is probably that scientists 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) one of the greatest accomplishments (A) have determined that the new meter 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 of the French Revolution. is a more manageable length. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) in contradiction to many of the other (B) have more sophisticated data on the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 goals of the French Revolution. circumference of the earth. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) a side-effect of the French Revolu(C) needed a way to bring the meter’s 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 tion’s new calendar system. length closer to the yard’s. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) one of many anti-traditionalist (D) have developed more accurate ways 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 undertakings of the French Revoluto calculate the original fraction. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 tion. (E) wanted to disassociate the meter 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) left incomplete at the end of the with the French Revolution. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 French Revolution. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 15. In at least one of the passages all of the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 12. In the sentence beginning “In the United 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 following are mentioned EXCEPT 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 States. . .” (line 82) the writer suggests 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) the kings who ruled during the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 that the United States 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 standardization of measurements. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) has never seriously attempted to (B) the contemporary standing of the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 implement the metric system. measuring system discussed. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) is likely to adopt the metric system (C) terms from ancient languages. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 fairly soon. (D) the refinement of measurement 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) has created official policies regarding standards in recent years. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 use of the metric system. (E) the cultural heritage of each measur2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 (D) has attempted to require use of the 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 ing system. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 metric system, but has been unable 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 16. The author of Passage 2 conveys an to enforce its policies. 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 implicit belief that the (E) reflects a clear bias for the superior2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 ity of the English system. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) metric system facilitates scientific 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 endeavors. 2 13. The word “refined” in line 87 most 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) United States has damaged its reputa2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 closely means 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 tion in the international community by 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) processed. refusing to adopt the metric system. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) renegotiated. (C) metric system is best confined to 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) made smaller. scientific use. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) challenged. (D) French Revolution was a high point 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) modified. in the history of science. 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) metric system is a more fitting system 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 for a democratic society. 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Do not proceed to the next section until time is up. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 STOP 40 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. Section 7 13 Questions j Time—20 Minutes 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Notes: 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1. All numbers used are real numbers. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2. All angle measurements can be assumed to be positive unless otherwise noted. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 3. All figures lie in the same plane unless otherwise noted. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 4. Drawings that accompany questions are intended to provide information useful in 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 answering the question. The figures are drawn closely to scale unless otherwise noted. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Directions for Student Produced Responses 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Enter your responses to questions 1–13 in the 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Answer: 1.4 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 special grids provided on your answer sheet. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Either position is correct. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Input your answers as indicated in the directions 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1.4 1.4 2 below. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 OO OO 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 OOÞO OÞOO 4 Decimal → 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Answer: or 4/9 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 OOO point OOO 9 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 OÞOO ÞOOO 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Write answer → 4 / 9 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 OOOO OOOO 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 OOOO OOOO 2 in boxes. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 OOOÞ O OÞO ÞO ← Fraction line 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 OOOO 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 OOO Note: You may begin your answer in any col2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 ⎧OOOO umn, space permitting. Leave blank any columns 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 OOOO 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 O ⎪ÞOOO not needed. 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 OOO 2 Grid in → 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 result. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 ⎨OOOO • Writing your answer in the boxes at the top 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 OOOO 2 1 of the columns will help you accurately grid ⎪OOOO 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 OOOO 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 your answer, but it is not required. You will 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 ⎩ O OÞO 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 only receive credit for an answer if the ovals 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 are filled in properly. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 • Only fill in one oval in each column. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 / / / / . . . . . . 0 1 2 3 4 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 0 2 3 4 0 1 2 3 4 0 1 2 3 1 2 3 4 2 3 4 / . . . . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 5 6 7 8 9 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Decimal Accuracy 2 • If a problem has several correct answers, 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 just grid in one of them. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Decimal answers must be gridded as accu2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 • There are no negative answers. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 rately as possible. The answer 0.3333 . . . 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 must be gridded as .333. 2 • Never grid in mixed numbers. The answer 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 Less accurate values, such as .33 are not 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 3 must be gridded as 16/5 or 3.2. If 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 acceptable. 5 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 is gridded, it will be read 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 31/5 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 1 31 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Acceptable ways to grid 5 .3333 . . . OÞ as , not 3 . 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 3 OOOO 5 5 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 OOO 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 .333 1/3 OÞOO 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 OO OOOO ÞO 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 ÞOOO ÞOOO OOOO 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 OOOO 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 OOO OOO OOOÞ 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 OOOO ÞOOO 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 OOOO OOOO 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 OÞÞÞ O OÞO 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 OOOO OOOO 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 OOOO OOOO 2 1 OOOO OOOO 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1. If 2=x 1 =x 5 y and 2y 5 12, then 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 5. If the area of a circle is 16p, what is the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 what does x equal? diameter of the circle? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 2. What is the product of the first five even 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 6. Lisa has three pizza toppings from which 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 integers? to choose: pepperoni, anchovies, and red 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 peppers. If she can choose as many 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 3. Rider High has 400 students. A student 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 toppings as three and as few toppings as 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 will be picked at random from the student zero, how many different pizza orders are 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 body. If the probability that a senior possible? (Lisa cannot order the same 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 would be picked is three-eighths, how topping twice.) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 many seniors are there? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 7. The average (arithmetic mean) of five 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 4. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 numbers is 16. If one number is taken 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 from the set, the new average is 14. What 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 number was taken from the set? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 If the area of the striped side of the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 rectangular solid is 24, what is the volume 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 of the box? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 / . . . . 0 2 3 4 5 0 1 2 3 4 5 0 1 2 3 4 1 2 4 5 / / / . . . . . . . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 1 2 4 5 6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 1 2 4 5 6 0 1 2 4 5 6 0 1 2 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 6 2 3 4 5 6 42 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12. 2 8. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 If the figure above is composed of a 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 square and a triangle, what is the area of 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the square? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 9. What is the slope a line that is defined by 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 What is the sum of the y-intercepts in the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the following two points, (21, 22) and 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 above graph? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (3,1)? 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 13. The sum of four positive distinct prime 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 10. Tom is twelve years older than Susan, and 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 numbers is 21. What is the greatest 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Susan is three times the age of Gina, and possible value of one of those prime 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Gina is five years younger than Bo. If Bo is numbers? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 15, how old is Tom? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 11. For all positive integers, let m* equal the 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 greatest prime divisor of m. What does 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (15*)(12*) equal? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Do not proceed to the next section until time is up. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 STOP Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 43 Section 8 Time—25 Minutes 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Directions: Think carefully about the statement below and the assignment that follows it. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2Consider the following statement. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Innovation is primarily accomplished by an individual, though groups often do work out the 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 details of an individual’s innovations. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2Assignment: Write an essay in which you argue for or against the preceding statement. Develop your 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2point of view on this statement and be sure to support your stance with sufficient details. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 44 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 45 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 When you are finished with your essay put your pencil down until the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 time allotted is over. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 STOP 46 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. Answers and Explanations 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Section 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 1. B The passage says that H.R. means House of Representatives and that 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the number is given according to, “the order it was submitted in a 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 particular session.” (lines 12–13) So the 1 means that it was submitted 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 first in a particular session. Choice (B) is the correct answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2. C This is a tricky question. The major clue is that only three entities are 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 mentioned in the passage: the House of Representatives, the Senate, and 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the President. You should suspect then that the answer will be the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Senate and the President since those are the only other two entities 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 mentioned in the passage. You can get confirmation for this hunch in 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the sentence that says “Bills are presented to the President for action 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 when approved in identical form by both the House of Representatives 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 and the Senate.” Bills must pass both houses, so if the bills originate in 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the house, they have to go to the Senate before reaching the President. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 The answer is (C). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 3. A The paragraph is about how Native Americans have “long recognized 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 and celebrated the connectedness among all natural things.” The 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 medicine wheel illustrates this point because it emphasizes the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 connectedness of the four basic elements. So (A) is the best choice. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 4. E Remember the Native American view stated in the passage is that all 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 natural things are connected; so we should expect that the scenario will 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 demonstrate this belief. (A) is specifically opposed to that. (C) is also, to 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 a lesser degree. (B) is neutral toward the Native American idea—it 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 neither contradicts it nor realizes it. (D) and (E) are in accord with the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Native American view because they recognize the connectedness of an 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 organism and its habitat. However, (D) mention studying a specific 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 47 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 organism in its habitat, while (E) mentions studying a habitat as a 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 whole. So, (E) is broader and, in this case, broader is better. The best 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 answer is (E). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5. C Does the author portray Copland’s music in a very negative or very 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 positive light? Neither, so (A) and (E) are out. The author actually just 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 describes the reactions of others to Copland’s music and interjects little 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 opinion of his or her own. That eliminates (D). Then again, the author 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 is not clinically objective in tone (just think, the passage does not sound 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 like a science passage). That makes (C) the best choice. 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 6. C The virtuoso passages are passages only a virtuoso could play— 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 essentially, difficult. Eliminate (E). There is no negative judgment of 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 that quality in the passage. That eliminates all but (C), which is the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 7. C The different fates were that the Piano Variation was known by many 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 pianists, but played by few in concert, and the Symphonic Ode was 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 largely unknown because it was too difficult. Choice (C) says as much, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 and so is the answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 8. A In the passage, Koussevitzky is first mentioned in connection to the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 difficulty of playing the Symphonic Ode. The passage tells you that 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 even he, a “champion” of Copland’s music, did not conduct the piece 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 until it had been simplified. Choice (A) correctly points this out. Don’t 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 be tricked by the difficult name into answering that he was European. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 9. C The second paragraph begins, “Perhaps as a reaction to the perfor23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 mance problems of the Symphonic Ode, Copland’s next two orchestral 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 works deal in shorter units of time.” So the author thinks that the pieces 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 immediately subsequent to the Symphonic Ode were made shorter 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 because the Ode was not being performed. Choice (C) says the same. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 (B) is tempting but the passage explicitly states that it was the length 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 and not the complexity that Copland adjusted in the subsequent pieces. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 10. E This sentence is essentially saying that, although brief, these works were 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 also very difficult to perform. The answer is (E). This is essentially a 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 vocabulary question, asking you to define “agile.” 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 11. C First off, what does the passage state about Copland’s views of the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Americas and music? It says that Copland, “envisioned ‘American 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 music’ as being music of the Americas.” In other words, he thought 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 they were related, or should be. (A), (B), and (E) run contrary to this 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 meaning. (D) is irrelevant. The answer is (C). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 48 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 12. D The Mexican material is more accessible to audiences. The opposite of 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 accessible is inaccessible. (D) should look good to you right away. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Don’t get confused by (C). The emphasis in the sentence is on 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 audiences, not musicians. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 13. C You can eliminate (B) because it is too specific. You can eliminate (D) 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 because the author never talks about eating or brushing teeth or other 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 daily activities. (E) is also too specific. (A) is really off in emphasis; the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 author focuses on describing the Earth’s appearance more than the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 trajectory of the Space Station. The answer is (C). It’s also a good 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 answer because it captures a little bit of the tone of the piece; the author 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 seems to write the passage for an average person experiencing curiosity 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 about seeing the Earth from space. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 14. E The second half of the paragraph contrasts seeing the whole Earth to 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 seeing just a limited part of it. But the emphasis is on seeing the whole 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Earth, because we’ve all seen limited parts of it. The answer is (E). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 15. B Here you have to be careful because two different window views are 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 discussed in the passage. The downward-facing window is discussed in 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the second half of the second paragraph. And there the author 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 compares the view to looking at a big blue beach ball up-close, choice 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 (B). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 16. B This is where that second window view comes in. The author first 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 discusses the downward-facing window and then contrasts it with 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 looking through a sideward-facing window in the third paragraph. (B) 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 is the answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 17. B The passage discusses the “faint glow” in the last sentence of the third 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 paragraph. There, he attributes it to the outer rim of the atmosphere. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 (B) says the same thing. (A) mentions the atmosphere, but it designates 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the wrong part of the atmosphere. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 18. B Before the thought exercise is given the author states that, “a good way 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 to imagine our view is to stand up and look down at your feet.” In 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 “imagining the view” through the thought exercise the reader gets a 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 definite idea of the proportions of things within the space stations view 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 (e.g. where San Francisco is in relation to Denver). Choice (B) says as 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 much, and so is the best answer. Choice (C) is a tempting answer, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 because it is the idea with which the paragraph begins, but it ends up 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 being too narrow a description of the thought exercise. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 49 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 19. D You may be tempted to answer (A), because the passage can be 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 confusing. But it’s not dry or scientific, so “technical” just isn’t a good 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 word for it. Choice (B) doesn’t capture it’s informality. Choice (E) is too 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 extreme—as far as poetic descriptions of the planet go, this one doesn’t 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 even rate. That leaves (C) and (D). Choice (C) isn’t quite right, either, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 because it’s not irreverent, it’s just casual. Choice (D) best captures that 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 sense. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 20. D You don’t know a lot about what the astronauts do from the passage, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 so you’ll have to dig this answer up. Choice (A) seems silly, and would 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 really be a disrespectful thing to say about the author. The SAT won’t 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 do that. So eliminate (A). There’s no reference to gravity in the passage, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 so eliminate (B). There’s no real reference to physical activity, so (C) 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 seems wrong. You are left with (D) and (E). The astronaut uses a lot of 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 numbers, and throws them around as though they were quite easy. (D) 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 seems like a reasonable answer. There’s no reference in the passage to 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 communication procedures, which means you can eliminate (E) even 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 though it’s sort of a tempting answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Section 2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 1. C This is the first question, so it should be one of the easiest, if not the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 easiest, questions in the section. For this reason, you don’t have to 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 expect anything too tricky about this problem. Substitute x 5 2y into 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the first equation and solve for x: 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 x 1 4y 5 3 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2y 1 4y 5 3 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 3y 5 3 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 3y 3 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 3 3 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 y51 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 (C) is the answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2. B There are two main parts to this problem: 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 1. the use of the variable d, and 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2. the change of units from hours to minutes. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Start with the variable since d is half as much as 2d, it should take him 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 half the amount of time, or 1.5 hours. One hour is 60 minutes, and half 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 an hour is 30 minutes, so 1.5 hours is 90 minutes. That’s choice (B). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 50 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 3. A There is more than one way to solve this problem, but all paths involve 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 manipulating the equation. You can solve for f in the first equation, and 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 then plug that value into the second equation. You could also just leave 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the 3f as is, and monkey with the formula this way: 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 3f 1 15 5 27 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 3f 1 15 2 15 5 27 2 15 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 3f 5 12 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 3f 2 6 5 12 2 6 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 3f 2 6 5 6 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Whichever path you take, if you manipulate the equation correctly 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 you’ll get choice (A) as your answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 4. A The first thing to notice is that this triangle is a 30-60-90 triangle, one 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 of the SAT’s favorite triangles. Since you can read off the relationships 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 between different sides of a 30-60-90 triangle, it can be readily seen that 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the x 1 y side is half the length of the hypotenuse (which is 14). Half of 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 14 is 7, so (A) is the answer. 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5. D Translating the English into algebra is the key to all word problems. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Since the snack costs twenty cents less than the drink, you can write 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 down d 2 20 5 s. Since a snack and drink together costs $1.30, you 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 also know that s 1 d 5 130. You have two equations and two variables. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Substitute the first equation into the second and then solve: 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 s 1 d 5 130 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 ~d 2 20! 1 d 5 130 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2d 2 20 5 130 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2d 2 20 1 20 5 130 1 20 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2d 5 150 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2d 150 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2 2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 d 5 75 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 A drink costs 75 cents ($0.75), so (D) is the answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 For problems dealing with units of money, always decide whether you 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 want to work in dollars or cents. If the amount of money is great, using 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 dollars is typically the best way to go. On this problem, converting to 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 cents might work better since you won’t have to deal with any decimals. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 Tip Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 51 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 6. D This problem looks really complicated, but don’t let that ruffle your test 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 feathers. With function problems, just plug in whatever the problem 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 tells you to plug into the equation. Be a machine! Here, you are 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 considering when x 5 2, so f(2x) is the same thing as f(4). (Of course, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the question could have just said x 5 4, but that would have been too 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 easy). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Now just replace every x in the problem with a 4: 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 f (x) 5 x 1 xx 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 f ~4! 5 4 1 44 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 f ~4! 5 4 1 256 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 f ~4! 5 260 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Your answer is (D). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 7. D This one looks strange, and it is as straightforward to solve as it 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 appears. If you only consider =x2 to be x, then you only get the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 extraneous solution, and not the correct one. You start by squaring 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 both sides and then factoring. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 x2 5 4x2 1 12x 1 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 0 5 3x2 1 12x 19 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 0 5 3~x2 1 4x 1 3! 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 0 5 x2 1 4x 1 3 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 0 5 ~x 1 3!~x 1 1! 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 x 5 23 or x 5 21 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Checking both solutions in the original equation, you see that only x 5 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 21 works. This is choice (D). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 8. E If |x 1 1| . |y|, what do you know about x and y? Not much actually. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 x could be 210 and y could be 5, and the inequality would be true. But 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 x could also be 10,000 and y could be 9,998, and the inequality would 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 still be true. This means you cannot nail down the relationship between 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 x and y, so (E) is the answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 52 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 9. A This question is almost all Math Speak, but hopefully you are getting 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 better at this language. The whole thing sets up an equation. “Percent” 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 means “divide by 100,” and “is the same value” works the same as an 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 equal sign. “What number” is Math Speak for “place a variable here.” 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Here’s the translation: 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 “75 percent of 104 is the same value as 60 percent of what number” 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 75 60 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 ~104! 5 100 n 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 100 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 ~0.75!~104! 5 0.6n 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 78 5 0.6n 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 78 0.6n 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 0.6 0.6 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 130 5 n 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Choice (A) is the answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 The percentages were rewritten as decimals instead of fractions to 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 make it easier to use your calculator. Dividing 78 by 0.6 is not 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 something most people can do easily, but for a calculator, it’s a cinch. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 10. D Equations of lines can be put into the y 5 mx 1 b form, and then the 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 y-intercept, b, can be read off. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 3y 2 x 5 12 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 3y 2 x 1 x 5 12 1 x 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 3y 5 x 1 12 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 3y x 12 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 51 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 3 3 3 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 x 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 y5 14 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 3 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 If 4 is the y-intercept, and twice this number is 8, choice (D). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 SD SD Note Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 53 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 11. C 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 As you can see from this figure a 5 a, and b 5 b because alternate 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 interior angles are congruent. If two angles of a triangle are congruent 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 to two angles of another triangle, what can you deduce about the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 relationship between the third angles? The third angles must also be 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 congruent. If you don’t see this, pick values for a and b and remember 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 that the sum of the mesures of the interior angles of a triangle is 180. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Choice (C) is the answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 12. D These next three problems test your ability to deal with unfamiliar 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 symbols. Recall that you will be told everything that you need to know 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 about the new symbol. Carefully read the instructions and don’t get 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 rattled; everything you need to know about the new symbol will be 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 handed to you on a platter. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 In the subtraction problem, convert each term one at a time: 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 { 2323 5 3322 and { 2321 5 1322 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 (It’s helpful if you write out the middle unchanging middle digits first, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 and then write the first and last digits.) 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 So { 2323 2 { 2321 5 3322 2 1322 5 2000, choice (D). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 13. A You know that A is a two-digit number between 10 and 20, which 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 narrows the field of possible answers to 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 and 19. This may seem like a lot, but the second part of the problem 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 will narrow things down. The equation ({ A)2 5 {(A2)looks confusing, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 but the key word is “equation.” The two values are equal, even though 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 you’ve flipped the first and last digits. Flipping 19 makes 91, which is 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 quite a difference, and it’s highly unlikely that 192 5 912. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 At this point, you might suspect that 11 was the answer because 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 reversing the digits does not change the value of the number. That is a 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 good suspicion, and if you see it, you can easily read off that (A) is the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 answer. If you did not have that suspicion, just dive into the problem 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 trying different choices. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 54 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 14. E Since each variable is a digit and the inequality is true, plug in some 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 numbers to try to make the smallest difference possible: 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 A.B.C.D.E 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5 .4.3 .2 .1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Now look at the subtraction problem and plug in the numbers above: 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 ABCD 2 {(ABCD) 5 5432 2 2435 5 2977 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 The difference is greater than one thousand, so choice (E) is the answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 There is a theoretical path that leads to the same answer on this 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 problem, but when dealing with weird symbols problems the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 theoretical path is usually not the best one to take. As you can see, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 generating some numbers and then placing them into the equation 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 works well and didn’t take too long. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 15. C There’s no answer choice that says, “It cannot be determined,” so you 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 have to realize that there is a way to determine the area of the circle. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Since the area formula for a circle is A 5 pr2 this means there has to be 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 a way to find the radius of the circle, which in this case is line 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 segment RS. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 The two statements underneath the drawing give you the tools you 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 need. If “line q is tangent to circle R,” then angle RST is a right angle. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 RT 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 , then you can determine the value of RS since the And if RS 5 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 3 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 problem gives you the length of RT as 18. For line segment RS, the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 18 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 radius will be 6, since 5 6. If you place this value of the radius into 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 3 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the area formula for a circle, you’ll find answer (C) at the end. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 A 5 pr2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 A 5 p62 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 A 5 36p 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 16. E All of the answer choices mention August and September total sales, so 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the first step in this problem is to figure out what these values are. In the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 table, August has two squares (1,000 each) and three triangles (50 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 returns each), so total August sales are: 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2(1,000) 2 3(50)5 2000 2 150 5 1,850 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 Note Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 55 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Doing the same box-and-triangle conversion, you should find that 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 September total sales were 1950. Therefore, there were 100 more sales 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 in September than in August. This lets you cross out (B) and (D), 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 because they have September total sales as being less than August total 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 sales. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 The final three answers all have different percentages. The difference in 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 monthly sales is 100 (1950 2 1850), so what percent of 1,850 is 100? 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 n 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 1850 5 100 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 100 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 n 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 ~100! 100 1850 5 100~100! 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 1850n 5 10000 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 1850n 10000 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 1850 1850 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 n 5 5.4 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 100 is 5.4 percent of 1850, which means that September total sales 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 were 5.4 percent greater than August total sales. (E) says the same and 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 is the correct answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 17. C You cannot solve this problem unless you do some creative line 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 drawing. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 To find the unknown lengths, you have to subtract known values of 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 opposites. Take the top and bottom sides, for instance. The larger top 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 side is 8, and the lower part is 5, so the difference must be 3. A dashed 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 line shows this value. Subtracting the right side (length 2) from the left 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 side (length 6), you find another dashed line that has a value of 4. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 From this sketch you can see that x is the hypotenuse of a 3-4-5 triangle, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 and so is equal to 5. This means the perimeter is 26, (C). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 SD SD 56 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 18. A Unpack the tangle of terms, and you’ll find the answer. You are looking 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 for two prime numbers that: 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 1. When you subtract them you get 21. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2. When you multiply them you get one of the answer choices. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 It might not sound like enough information to find the answer, but it is. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 None of the answer choices are very great, so one or both of the prime 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 numbers must be less than ten. If the two primes were greater, their 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 product would not be as small as the answer choices. The difference 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 between the two primes is 21, which means that one of the prime 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 numbers must be small. Good candidates for the lesser prime are 2, 3, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 or 5. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Prime numbers starting in the 20s are 23, 29, 31, and 37. Use a little 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 trial and error, and you’ll realize that the difference between 23 and 2 is 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 21. Those are the two primes. What is 2 times 23? The answer is 46, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 choice (A). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 19. B First, it always helps to draw a quick sketch of the scenario to get a 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 better grasp on what is being asked. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 The first thing to determine is the midpoint of DE, which you can do by 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 using the midpoint formula: 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 x1 1 x2 y1 1 y2 0 1 5 12 1 0 5 12 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5 5, 5 ~2.5,6! , , 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2 2 2 2 22 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 You can keep the x-value as a fraction if you like, but converting it to 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2.5 will make it easier to punch into your calculator. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 S DS DS D Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 57 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Looking at the dashed lines, you can see a right triangle with its 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 hypotenuse from the origin to the midpoint of DE. It has sides of 2.5 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 and 6. Placing those values into the Pythagorean theorem yields: 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 a2 1 b2 5 c2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2.52 1 62 5 c2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 6.25 1 36 5 c2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 42.25 5 c2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 =42.25 5 =c 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 6.5 5 c 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 It’s choice (B). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 20. A It’s a big equation, but in the end it’s just that: an equation. You have to 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 pull out two different techniques—FOIL and PEMDAS—to solve it, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 but so long as you write out your work carefully, you will reach the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 right answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2b2 5 ~b 2 7!~b 1 3! 2 ~2b 1 2!~b 1 5! 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2b2 5 ~b2 1 3b 2 7b 2 21! 2 ~2b2 1 10b 1 2b 1 10! 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2b2 5 ~b2 2 4b 2 21! 2 ~2b2 1 12b 1 10! 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2b2 5 b2 2 4b 2 21 2 2b2 2 12b 2 10 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2b2 5 2b2 2 16b 2 31 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2b2 1 b2 5 2b2 1 b2 2 16b 2 31 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 0 5 216b 2 31 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 0 1 16b 5 216b 1 16b 2 31 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 16b 5 231 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 16b 231 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 16 16 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 31 15 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 b 5 2 5 21 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 16 16 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Choice (A) is your answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 21. A There’s no table given for this question, so it’s up to you to create one. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 In this respect it’s like a diagram without a diagram given: You could 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 conceivably answer it without the visual aids, but it’s much easier 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 with them. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 For the table, start with the years: 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 58 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Now place the number of people in Cree County in 1950 in the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 appropriate place, and then start multiplying by three. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 1000 3000 9000 27000 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 In the 1980s, the population fell by one-half, so divide 27,000 by 2. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Then go back to multiplying by 3. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 1000 3000 9000 27000 13,500 40,500 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Your answer is choice (A). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Section 3 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 1. A Something that can be counted requires “fewer” rather than “less.” The 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 answer is (A). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2. B In for Ada and I, I is used here as the object of a preposition (for). That 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 should never be. Me is the object of a preposition, or a direct or indirect 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 object. The answer is (B). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 3. B Is the subject in this sentence singular or plural? Team is singular. Is the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 verb singular or plural? Compete is plural. The clause which is 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 comprised of four cyclists obscures the subject-verb disagreement, but 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 it is still there. (B) is the answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 4. E Did you hear any mistakes in this sentence? Hopefully you didn’t 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 because there are not any. (E) is the answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5. A If you know that Louis and Clark were nineteenth-century explorers, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the verb have surveyed might sound strange even before you read the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 rest of the sentence. If not, were well prepared suggests that the first 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 exploration happened prior to an event which is, itself, in the past. The 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 first verb should be had surveyed, and the answer is (A). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 6. D There is a parallel structure problem here. Focus, a verb, should be 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 paired with follow up, a verb, not follow-up, which is a noun. The 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 answer is (D). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 7. C Nothing in this sentence sounds wrong, but (E) is not the answer. Here’s 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 why, to whom does the its refer? It is not clear if it refers to the Ottoman 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 or Austrian Empire. An ambiguous pronoun reference is an error, and 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 so (C) is the answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 59 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 8. A What is the subject, census (singular) or statistics (plural)? Statistics. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Census is used as an adjective. The plural subject means you would 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 need a plural verb, were. The answer is (A). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 9. B Scarcely no one is a double negative. It should be scarcely anyone. (B) is 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 10. D This is a tricky question because the error arises with the implied part of 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the sentence. The full sentence with the implied part written out 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 explicitly reads, “Even though he had the title of Vice-President of 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Operations, his duties and responsibilities were not much greater than a 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 midlevel manager’s duties and responsibilities.” The short version 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 should still say manager’s. The answer is (D). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 11. D After both, you especially need parallel structure. It should read more 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 accessible and more understandable. The other answers only confuse 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the original. The answer is (D). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 12. D The initial modifier should put you on the lookout for an incorrect 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 noun, or reference to the “thing” that is being modified. You should 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 examine the noun that directly follows the modifier carefully. Does the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 modifier modify the noun that follows it? Nope. The poet, Gerard 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Manley Hopkins, not his poems, is what is being modified here. The 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 possessive form (Hopkins’s) and the noun poems messes things up in 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the original and answer choices (A), (B), and (C). To make it work, you 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 need to get rid of the possessive on the author’s name. Only (D) and (E) 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 do that. (E) makes an unnecessary change to the verb. The better 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 answer is (D). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 13. E The original underlined phrase is not glaringly obtuse or a grammatical 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 disaster, but it is a little wordy. Also, this includes the Human Rights 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Commission is a complete sentence, so it would need to be attached 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 with a semicolon. Only (E) addresses both problems without creating 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 others. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 14. C The most blatant mistake here is that, again, the clause that follows a 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 comma is technically a complete sentence. The best way to approach 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 this question is to read all the way through each of the answers to see if 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 they contain problems. (B) has tense problems. (D) also has two 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 complete sentences attached by a comma (this is called a comma splice). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 (E) just doesn’t work. The answer is (C). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 60 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 15. B The underlined portion of the sentence reads awkwardly for two 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 reasons. First, it includes the phrase her plans of, which is redundant 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 because the list is a list of her plans. Second, the preceding plans in the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 list are given in infinitive form (i.e. to refinance), but the last plan of 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 action is not in infinitive form. Any answer choice that deals with these 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 two issues will be the best choice. (B) is that answer choice. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 16. B You know the correct answer won’t be a complete sentence, because it 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 is attached by a comma to the main clause. Eliminate (E). You will also 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 want to cut down on wordiness, rather than add to it. Eliminate (A) and 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 (C). Which suggests that the clause modifies a noun that comes just 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 before it. That isn’t the case. The answer is (B). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 17. C Again, you want to move toward parallel structure as much as possible. 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 You don’t want nouns in one part of the list and verbs in another, as you 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 have now. Change the noun tolerance to a verb, tolerate. You can 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 narrow the field to (C) and (E). (E) is wrong because you don’t use a 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 comma in a two-items list. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 18. D Guess what? Parallel structure again. To commit a crime needs to be 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 followed by (to) conceal it. That leaves (D), without you even having to 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 know that among suggests more than two people, whereas between 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 suggests two. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 19. C Here’s the test writers’ other favorite trick: “not only” with “but also.” 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Only (C) and (E) use this construction. (E) makes the tenses 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 unnecessarily complex. The answer is (C). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 20. D The sentence as it stands is muddy and unnecessarily wordy. These are 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 things to be avoided in good writing. “If” should be followed by a 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 “then” clause. What follows here doesn’t fit that logical pattern. So if is 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 out. That leaves (D) and (E). (D) gets rid of the repetitive and vague it in 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the second part of the sentence. Good. The answer is (D). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 21. D The original version should wave a red flag at you that it is repetitive 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 and cumbersome and will need to be changed. (B) is even more vague 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 and wordy than the original, despite being a single sentence. (C) is weak 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 because it begins the essay with the word it, which is never a strong 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 opener. (E) is suspect because the essay is about the word modern not 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 modernity. (Yes, modernity is later introduced, but that does not 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 change the point that the essay is about the word modern.) (E) is also 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 unnecessarily wordy. That leaves (D). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 61 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 22. B Descartes is the thing that will link the two sentences. He is the subject 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 of the first and the object of the second. This is a prime example of 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 when to use whom. (B) is better than (C) and the others are longer than 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the original, not shorter. (B) is the answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23. E What is the logical connection between the opinions of academics other 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 than philosophers and the opinions of historians in particular? The 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 latter is an example of the former. The answer is (E). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 24. B The original sentence is clunky because it has both beginning of 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 modernity and beginning of modern times. You will want to replace the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 second with it. That leaves (B) and possibly (E). (E) adds unhelpful 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 extra verbiage in other places, so (B) is the best answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 25. E Anything separated by commas should be detachable from the rest of 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the sentence. Remove the phrase between commas and you get Most of 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 us. . . we are thinking. Bad. Most of us think. (E) is the only answer that 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 addresses that problem correctly. (B) actually changes the sense by 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 eliminating the subject of “think” so that it becomes a command. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 26. B Choices (C) and (E) have an imprecise and unclear 2ing verb, so 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 eliminate them. (D) is just a wordier alternative to (B), so eliminate it. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 (B) is so straightforward and clear that it is better than the original. The 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 answer is (B). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 27. E The passage is talking about the 1920s. Be as specific as possible, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 without being wordy as in (C) and (D). The answer is (E). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 28. C The only punctuation marks that are possible here are parentheses, a 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 semicolon or a colon. The second sentence gives more specific 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 information to elaborate on the first sentence, so a colon is better than 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 a semicolon or parentheses. The answer is (C). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 29. D What’s wrong with the transition in the original? Is it a logical problem 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 or a grammatical problem? It sounds weird and wordy, so it’s a 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 grammatical problem. The sense is logical, so keep it. Eliminate (A); it 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 changes the sense. Which of the answers simplifies and clarifies the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 grammar? The answer is (D). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 30. A Eliminate (D) because it’s grammatically incorrect. Eliminate (C) 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 because it really doesn’t go with the ideas in the passage. If you look 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 back at the passage, you’ll see that the last sentence is not about Macy’s 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 but Bloomingdales. (E) would be out of place, so eliminate it. You’re 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 left with (A) and (B). While (B) would be an adequate conclusion to the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 third paragraph, only (A) reflects back over the entire passage. The best 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 answer is (A). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 62 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Section 4 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1. D Jerome does not indulge much. He is an ascetic, (D). A teetotaler, (B), is 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 someone who does not consume alcohol. A gourmand, (C), is someone 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 who indulges a great deal in fine food. Neither (A) nor (E) have 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 anything to do with indulgence. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2. A Begin with the first blank, since you know that it must be something 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 negative since protests were planned. (B) and (D) are not negative, so 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 eliminate them. Going to the second blank, organized fits well, while 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 negotiated and theorized do not (you don’t theorize about a protest 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 event). This makes (A) the best answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 3. B We know the first word will be negative, since it engendered criticism. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 All of the words are negative, so you can’t eliminate anything yet. But 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 what would a politician be if he “seized a ceremony” having to do with 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 a “girl’s tragic death to speak out against his opponent”? Not militaris23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 tic, or unreceptive, certainly not passive or defeatist. The answer is (B). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 4. E All of the options in this question have a first word that could be 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 something one software did to another. For the second word, all the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 choices, except (D), are things a user could likely do to software. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Preclude, (A), means make something impossible, but the “prior 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 version” clearly isn’t impossible so eliminate (A). If the older version is 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 outdone, you don’t want to implement, or use, it. Eliminate (B). If 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 something is infected, you don’t want to disregard it, so eliminate (C). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 The answer is (E). Supercede means replace by being better, which 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 would mean you could throw out, or discard, the now useless thing. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5. B Let’s start with the first blank since it has to be paired with long. Which 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 of the first answer choices pairs well with long? Only storied, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 exemplary, and reputable do (the others either are awkward or don’t fit 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 with the meaning of the sentence). Plug in the second answer choices of 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 (A), (B), and (E) into the sentence. Can poetry initiate the dignity of 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 humanity? No. Eliminate (A). Can it articulate, or express? Definitely. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 Choice (B) sounds too good to pass up. 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 6. C You should have a good sense of what kind of word goes in each blank 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 because each blank has a pair. The second blank has a more obvious 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 pair, so start with it. Which of the second answer choices goes with 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 speedy? (A) and (C) are the best candidates. On the first blank, does 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 intricate and laborious or fragile and laborious sound better? Intricate 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 does because it provides a better contrast with the second half of the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 sentence. (Also, it is strange to speak of a surgery being fragile; someone 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 in surgery might be in fragile health, but the surgery itself would not be 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 fragile.) (C) is the answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 63 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 7. A Despite at the beginning of the sentence is the main clue to unlocking 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the blank. You need one positive word and one negative word. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Eliminate (B) and (C). Now what can clans do to each other? Assist, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 possibly discount. A problem is ameliorated, not a person or group of 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 people. (A) is the better answer, especially since “feud” and “clan” are 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 both words that seem to refer to the past. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 8. B From the structure of the sentence, we can see that the word in the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 blank goes along with humor and merriment. Which of the answer 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 choices fits with these two positive words? Only (B), mirth, does. 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 (Irony, history, and mystery, are at best neutral terms in this context, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 not positive.) 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 9. A The Latin makes this sentence complicated. You can combat this by 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 replacing the Latin words with the letters (A) and (B) in your head (i.e. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 although (A) has more subspecies than (B) . . . ). The although is the key 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 to the logic of the sentence structure. Although (A) has more subspecies 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 than (B), (B) has greater numbers. (A) and (E) match this pre-guess for 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the first blank. (E) isn’t really logical (how can a region be ominous?), 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 so the answer is (A). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 10. D Looking at the first blank, (B) and (E) can be eliminated because both 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 are not conventional English. That leaves (A), (C), and (D). (A) is 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 suspect, though, because progression is an odd word choice for the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 context. (C) is illogical. (D) is a best choice because it flows well in both 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 blanks and because development is already a word you associate with 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 “pregnancy” and “fetus.” 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 11. C The word, Though, tells you that the ideals and the practices of the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 organization are at odds. So if the ideals are outward-focused then the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 practice must be inward-focused. Which of the answer choices matches 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 this pre-guess? Only (C), insular (isolated, circumscribed), does. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Hermetic means tightly sealed. It’s not too far off in meaning, but it 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 doesn’t refer to group behavior. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 12. B On the first blank we know that the word goes with base, and we know 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 that the prosecuting attorney is probably not saying nice things about 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the defendant. (A) and (B) fit this (motley doesn’t; even though it has a 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 negative connotation, it means a random or ungainly assortment). This 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 leaves misunderstanding the testimonials or misconstruing the testimo23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 nials, for the second blank. The latter is a better choice since the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 prosecuting attorney is more likely to be making the defendant sound 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 bad on purpose than by mistake. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 64 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 13. B This sentence is either really positive or really negative about the new 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 drug regime. It is more likely positive since a new drug wouldn’t come 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 out if it was known to be really negative. So your inclination should be 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 that the blank is very positive. Only (B) fits this, and it fits well. If you 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 have extra time, you can check to see if there is a really negative 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 response that might fit better. Bane could work in terms of meaning, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 but it doesn’t work syntactically. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 14. C The blanks in this sentence are a little more complicated because they 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 must be considered together. The first blank is negative and the second 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 blank is even more negative (in the same way, or to a greater degree). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 The second blank isn’t negative in (A) and (D), so they are not it. That 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 leaves (B), (C), and (E). Of the three, (C) is the best since self-centered 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 and egocentric are synonyms and solipsism is a more negative form of 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 both words. You might be tempted to go with (B) because you don’t 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 know what solipsistic means, but you can eliminate it because 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 ill-tempered has little to do with self-centered. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 15. B What is a good pre-guess for the blank? Really hectic (that is, opposite 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 of alleviating demands upon our time). Only (B) matches this pre-guess, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 and it fits in the flow of the sentence. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 16. A This is a global question since it cannot be answered by looking at one 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 specific place in the text but has to be weighed considering the passage 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 as a whole. Ask yourself, does the author present Dr. Rael positively or 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 negatively, sympathetically or unsympathetically? The article describes 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Dr. Rael’s career, generally in positive terms, and no criticisms of Dr. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Rael’s work is discussed. So the answer should be positive. That 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 eliminates (C)—(E). (B) might seem appealing, but realize that an article 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 can engage a person’s work without being positive about that work. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Also the passage more tells about Dr. Rael’s work than engages it. So 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 (A) is the best choice. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 17. C Again this is a global question. To rephrase the question, what is the 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 passage about? It tells the story of Dr. Rael’s life with specific emphasis 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 on his professional career. Choice (C) captures this. You might have 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 been attracted by (E), but remember the passage only discusses the Rael 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 family when it contributes to the story of Dr. Rael. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 18. B You can answer this either as a detail question or as a global question; 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 you will get the answer more quickly if you answer it as a detail 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 question. You can find in paragraph 3 that “José Ignacio had the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 foresight to recognize the changes that were coming with the increasing 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Americanization of New Mexico and realized that a fluent knowledge 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 65 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 of English. . . would be necessary.” Choices (B) and (D) seem to echo 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 this sentence. But the passage does not go on to say that Dr. Rael did not 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 learn English. The answer is (B). If you answer it as a global question, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 use the process of elimination. The passage doesn’t mention job 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 discrimination. The passage refers to Rael studying far from his family, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 but doesn’t mention that problem in regard to teaching. It strongly 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 suggests that Rael was successful in American schools with English 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 names, so eliminate (D). The passage doesn’t specify what Rael studied 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 before his Ph.D. Choices (C) and (E) are hard to eliminate, but an 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 overall view of the passage should convey that the folklore was precious 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 and disappearing. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 19. E Relinquished means he gave something up, but the passage does not state 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 that Rael was relieved to give up his family duties. Eliminate (D). There is 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 no mention of sibling rivalry, so you can eliminate (A). The passage doesn’t 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 say if the family was wealthy or simply OK, so (B) is out. It certainly 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 doesn’t say Rael had tried to be a rancher, choice (C). That leaves (E). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 20. E This question is similar to question 18, but it is definitely a global 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 question. The basic gist of the passage is that Rael’s work was 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 important. He collected Spanish-language folklore and studied the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 particular Spanish used in the area. The answer is (E). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 21. C Someone you study under is your mentor. This is a vocabulary question. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 The answer is (C). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 22. B Corpus refers to a body of work. The only answer choice that reflects 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the idea of more than one book is (B). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23. B Looking over the choices, there is no reference to Dr. Rael enjoying 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 working on the ranch (or using his scholarly pursuits to avoid it, which 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 would already be using logic too strained for the SAT). The passage 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 does mention his love of Pastores. Just after the mention of Pastores, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the passage says this influenced his later work. Bingo. The answer is (B). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 24. A This is a tough one. But “diffusion of motifs” seems to be related to the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 number of variants of a particular story. That eliminates (C) and (E). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 The passage goes on to emphasize how many variants there were, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 suggesting that the answer will emphasize difference more than 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 sameness. Eliminate (B) and (D). The answer is (A). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 25. B If you do not know the definition of provenance you are not lost on this 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 one. Replace it with each of the answer choices and see which one 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 makes the most sense. If you do know the definition of provenance 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 (origin), then (B) pops out as the answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 66 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 26. D The end of the seventh paragraph states, “But inevitably the historic- 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 geographic approach led more to collection building than to analysis.” 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 This is the most critical sentence in the passage. The answer (D) 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 includes the word “analysis” and is a fair paraphrase of this sentence. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 The answer is (D). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 27. B This one is also hard. First of all, do you know what formidable and 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 quixotic mean? Impressive, difficult, and errant—which is to say, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 traveling a lot. This comes from Don Quixote, who traveled a lot. He 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 was also a little crazy, which is why the test writers try to trick you with 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 (A) and (C). But these don’t apply to Dr. Rael. Remember, the overall 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 tone is “laudatory.” (E) tries to trick you by getting you to admit that 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 you were confused at this point in the passage. Admitting you don’t 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 know will never be the answer on the SAT. The answer is (B). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Section 5 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 1. A The wrinkle in this word problem is correctly translating what a 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 “quarter” of the factory’s capacity means. A quarter is one-fourth of 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 something, so a quarter of full capacity—200 sheets of paper per 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 second—is one-fourth of 200, or 50. If a quarter-capacity is 50 sheets 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 per second, in 12 seconds the factory would produce 600 sheets since 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 50 3 12 5 600. Choice (A) is what’s going on. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2. E This is a straightforward variable/equation substitution problem. If 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2x 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Z 5 3 and Z 5 , then you substitute the value of 3 for Z in the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 second equation to get: 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2x 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Z5 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2x 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 35 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2x 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 ~5!3 5 5 ~5! 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 15 5 2x 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 15 2x 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2 2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 15 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5x 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 (E) is the answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 67 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 3. A There are two prime ways to approach this problem. You can do a 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 factor tree for both numbers, find the common factors, and then look 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 down the answer list for the greatest one. If you don’t know what a 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 “factor tree” is, you could go through the answer choices one by one to 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 see which is the greatest that divides 32 and 42. Start with choice (E), 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 since it’s the greatest number, and if it works, it’s the answer. 12 doesn’t 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 work, so try the next greatest one, 8, choice (D). Eight doesn’t work, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 and neither does 6 or 3. This leaves (A). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 4. B If you understand the idea of slope, the answer will fall into your lap. If 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 you have trouble with this problem, review pages 350–352 in the Math 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 section to make sure you are perfectly comfortable with slope and 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 linear equations in the form y 5 mx 1b. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Viewed from left to right, the line descends, which means the slope is 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 negative. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 That eliminates choices (C), (D), and (E). A slope is “rise over run,” 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 meaning you look at the change in y-values as the numerator of the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 fraction, while the change in x-values is the denominator. The line 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 drops two points along the y-axis for every three points it moves over 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 on the x-axis, so the slope is 2 , choice (B). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 3 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5. E You need to know the total number of students in each grade to answer 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 this question. The table tells you there are 32 in the 4th grade, so you 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 only need to determine the total in the 3rd grade. There are 16 boys and 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 14 girls in the 3rd grade, which makes 30 total. The overall total is 32 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 plus 30, which is 62, choice (E). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 The table is incomplete, but don’t let this worry you. The SAT will 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 always provide the information needed to answer the question, one 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 way or another. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 6. D If there are 18 girls in the 4th grade, then there are 14 boys in 4th grade 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 (32 2 18 5 14). The table says there are 16 boys in 3rd grade, so there 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 are a total of 30 (16 1 14 5 30) in the 3rd and 4th grade. Choice (D) is 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 68 Note Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 7. A Careful here. The problem asks for the value of the exponent, not the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 simplified expression. Simplifying this expression looks a little wiggy, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 but you need to be prepared to work with wacky-looking exponents 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 problems like this: 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 ~m43!22 5 1 5 1 5 1 5 1 5 m211 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 4 5 5 32 533 51313 11 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 m4 m4~m4! m4m4m4 m 4 m4 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 11 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 The exponent is 2 , which is choice (A). If this makes no sense to you, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 4 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 you’ll want to review the rules of multiplying and dividing exponents. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 8. C You can’t solve this problem without a little help from the algebraic 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 expressions. You know that the two expressions sum to 90 (because the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 measures of the interior angles of a triangle sum to 180), but there are 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 two variables and only one equation: 2x 1 y 1 3x 2 y 5 90 (They 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 equal 90 since the right angle takes up the other 90°.) 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 If the y variables didn’t subtract out when you added the two 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 expressions, you could not solve for x. The whole point to this problem 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 is to brain freeze students who look at it and say, “There are two 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 variables and only one equation. It can’t be solved!” If you just write 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 out the equation, you can avoid this type of paralysis. Writing down 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 your work saves the day! 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2x 1 y 1 3x 2 y 5 90 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5x 5 90 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5x 90 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5 5 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 x 5 18 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 (C) is the answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 69 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 9. E For word problems, always translate the English into algebra. Call the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 distance from Easton to Bethsaida via highway x. Traveling this route is 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 7 miles longer than going on surface streets, so going via surface streets 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 is x 2 7. Traveling both routes is 31 miles, which translates to: 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 x 1 (x 2 7) 5 31. Once you have an equation, you can solve for x: 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 x 1 x 2 7 5 31 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2x 2 7 5 31 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2x 2 7 1 7 5 31 1 7 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2x 5 38 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2x 38 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2 2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 x59 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Here you might to double check that x is the highway route distance 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 and not the surface street distance. Choice (E) is the answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 10. E A function is undefined at a certain value, if at that value the function 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 does not make any sense. For this function, the most probable way that 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 it could be undefined is if the denominator is zero. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 When is the denominator zero? Solve it like a quadratic to see: 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 x2 1 3x 2 18 5 0 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 ~x 1 6!~x 2 3! 5 0 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 The denominator is zero if x equals 26 or 3, which is choice (E). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 11. D The graph is a parabola, so it will have an x2 term in it. Sometimes that 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 will help you cross out an answer choice or two, but on this question all 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 answer choices have an x2 in them. Even so, it was a good technique; it 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 didn’t work on this problem, but it will work on others. 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 The parabola is facing downwards, so the x2 term must have a negative 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 in front of it. If you don’t see why, plug some numbers into 2x2. That 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 eliminates (A) and (B). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Our last clue will come from where the figure crosses the y-axis. At this 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 point, x must equal zero, which means that 2x2 will also be zero. When 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 x equals zero on the graph, the value of f (x is 22. So you are looking 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 for an answer choice that has both 2x2 and 22. Although it’s hiding a 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 bit inside some parentheses, (D) is the answer since 2(x2 1 2) 5 2x2 2 2. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 70 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 12. D With congruent triangles, corresponding angles and sides are congru- 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 ent. Both are right triangles, so you should smell the Pythagorean 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 theorem wafting about this problem as a method of solving for y. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 a2 1 b2 5 c2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 y2 1 52 5 102 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 y2 1 25 5 100 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 y2 1 25 2 25 5 100 2 25 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 y2 5 75 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 y 5 =75 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 You might also have noticed that both figures are 30-60-90 triangles 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 (you can infer this from the relationship between the hypotenuse and 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the smallest side of the triangle on the left). This means y 5 5=3 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 which brings you once again to =75. Either method, choice (D) is 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 correct. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 13. A Plug in the answer choices and see which ones make the equation true. 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Many of the numbers repeat and the equation isn’t that involved, so 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 this doesn’t take as long as you might think. 1 works, but 21 doesn’t. If 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 you try all the answer choices, you will see that only 1 works, which 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 makes (A) the answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 14. B There are multiple ways to approach this problem. Possibly the 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 quickest is to count up the multiples of three that are even and 50 or less 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 (if they are even, they will be divisible by 2). This list starts 6, 12, 18, 24 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 ... 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 You might stop here and realize that the members of set Z are all 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 multiples of 6. Even if you don’t, you’ll continue with: 30, 36, 42, and 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 48. 54 is the next item, but it’s too great, so there are eight members of 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 set Z. (B) is the answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 15. D With similar figures, the ratios of each pair of corresponding sides must 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 be equal. The tricky part to this problem is the bent-leg formation of the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 given figure. The L-shape could roughly be described as, “three squares 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 up, then one to the right.” Choice (A) is too thin, i.e. there was no 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 corresponding increase in width even though there is an increase in 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 length. With (B), the small part of L seems to be too big, and with (C) 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the big part of the L is too large in proportion to the skinny part. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Now look at choice (D). The fact that the figure has been rotated makes 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 no difference with similarity. If you draw the following dashed lines on 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 choice (D), you’ll see why it’s the right answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 71 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Here you have the same figure, “three squares, then one to the right.” 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 The squares are much larger, but they are in the same corresponding 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 proportion. Choice (D) is correct. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 16. C The figure is a square since the side lengths are all equal and all the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 angles are ninety degrees (if you don’t see this, rotate the figure ninety 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 degrees). To find the side length, it’s Pythagoras time, but you get a 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 shortcut since you have a special triangle. Each side length is the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 hypotenuse of a 45-45-90 triangle whose equal sides are of length one. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 So the hypotenuse/side length of the square is =2. Put this into the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 area of a square formula and you’ll find answer (C): 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 A 5 s2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 A 5 ~=2! 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 A52 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 17. B First, make sure you understand what all those words mean. You have 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 eight numbers that are integers, and are also even, and when you add 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 them up, they sum to 50. Furthermore, only two of the eight integers 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 can be the same value. In other words, there are never three integers 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 that are the same. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 To find the greatest possible integer in the set, first make all the other 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 integers as least as possible. The set could be 2, 2, 4, 4, 6, 6, 8, x. This 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 would maximize x. Now solve: 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2 1 2 1 4 1 4 1 6 1 6 1 8 1 x 5 50 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 32 1 x 5 50 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 32 2 32 1 x 5 50 2 32 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 x 5 18 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 This is choice (B). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 You can also start with the greatet numerical answer choice and then 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 see if it works, but this will take more time than setting up a formula. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 72 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 18. E Time to sketch! Here’s one where two of the triangle’s vertices coincide 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 with two of the square’s corners. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 You could also have AB run along DE. In fact, using AB you could put 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the triangle in the square four different ways (along DF, DE, EG, GF). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Using BC, you could put the triangle in the square four different ways 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 also. The same is true for AC. That is a total of 12 different ways that 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the triangle could be placed in the square such that two angles of the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 triangle coincided with two corners of the square. It means that (E) is 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 the answer. 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 19. D You only know the distances between these points. You don’t know 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 their orientation in relation to each other. If T is on a line between 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 G and S, then G and T are 4 away from each other (9 2 5 5 4). That is 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the closest that they could be to each other. But if T is on a line with 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 S and G, and S is between G and T, then they are 14 away from each 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 other (9 1 5 5 14). This is the farthest that they could be from each 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 other. Therefore I is not possible, but II and III are. Choice (D) is 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 20. C If you connect A, B, and C, you have an equilateral triangle with a side 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 length of six. BD cuts the triangle into two 30-60-90 triangles. This 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 means that AD 5 3—because of the relationship between the sides of a 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 30-60-90 triangle—and so BD 5 3=3, choice (C). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 21. E This problem has many steps, which is why it’s number 21. First, ask 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 yourself, “What point on the fan travels the greatest distance through 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 one revolution?” The answer is the point on the corner tip of the fan 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 blade, as it is the farthest from the axis of rotation. In going through 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 one revolution, this point describes a circle because it rotates about a 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 fixed point with a constant radius. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 73 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 To find out how far this point travels, you need to determine the radius 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 of this circle. This can be done with some help from the triangle shape 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 at the top of the fan. The dashed lines through the two sides show that 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 these sides are congruent. Combine this with the right angle, and you 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 have a 45-45-90 right triangle with two sides of length 4. The 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 hypotenuse of this triangle will be 4=2, and this length will also be 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the diameter of the circle. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Therefore, in one rotation that point travels the circumference of the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 circle it describes: 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 C 5 pd 5 4=2p 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 But there’s more! In 30 seconds, the fan can do 300 revolutions. You 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 know this because the problem states that maximum blade speed is 100 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 revolutions in 10 seconds, and you can multiply both of these numbers 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 by 3 to get 300 revolutions in 30 seconds. This means that the farthest 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the point could travel would be: 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 300 3 4=2p 5 1200=2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Choice (E). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Section 6 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 1. D The passage reads, “As he matured, however, Remington turned his 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 attention away from illustration, concentrating instead on painting and 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 sculpture.” (lines 5–9) So the passage links Remington’s concentration 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 upon painting and sculpture as key for his maturation. Eliminate (A). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 However, the rest of the passage focuses on his paintings, so the answer 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 can’t just be sculpture. Eliminate (B). We know he paints nocturnal 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 scenes, so eliminate (E) (this answer isn’t specific enough). He is a great 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 artist of the American West, painting before there were any big cities in 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the West. The passage also implies that he paints natural scenes. The 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 best answer is (D). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2. C Go back to the passage. In the same sentence with vindicates is claim to 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the status of literature. This phrase indicates that literature has more 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 status than fiction. You can confirm this hunch in the next sentence, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 too. It says a work clearly rises to the auspicious status of literature. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Again, the emphasis is on the loftiness of literature. Choice (C) best 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 captures this sense. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 74 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 3. C The passage states that the test of time method, by definition excludes 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 contemporary works from consideration. Choice (C) is a reasonable 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 paraphrase. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 4. E There is only one topic that the paragraph mentions twice in relation to 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the exploration of Mars: detection of life. So this topic is the best 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 candidate for what the paragraph most emphasizes as the motivation 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 for the Mars exploration. The paragraph also concludes with this point. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Choice (E) is the answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5. B Does the author of Passage 1 criticize the English system? He says it is 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 quirky, but he does not outright criticize it. That eliminates (D) and (E). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 The author does not strongly praise the system either. That eliminates 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 (A). The author is also not neutral toward it (he argues that it is part of 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the inheritance of the English-speaking world). That eliminates (C). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Choice (B), qualified acceptance, sounds about right since the author 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 does accept the system but still points out its quirkiness. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 6. D What is Henry I’s role in the passage? Not simply to demonstrate that 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the monarchy was involved in the development of the English system. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Eliminate (B). The story of Henry I is definitely not included to suggest 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the practicality of the English system, since that is contrary to the basic 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 thesis of the passage. Eliminate (E). The basic point of the passage is to 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 argue that the English system developed arbitrarily over time. Choice 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 (D) sounds like a good answer. (A) isn’t right, since the author says the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 anecdote is surprisingly true. Answer (C) is off base, because the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 passage isn’t simply interested in the length, but also the quality, of the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 English system’s history. Choice (D) is correct. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 7. C Earthy in context must mean something slightly better than ridiculous, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 because it is used in the discussion of the arbitrary nature of the English 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 system. Choice (C) is the best answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 8. E Go back to the phrase in the passage. It talks about one system 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 developing in Rome and another in medieval Europe. They reconciled 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the two by making an estimate of one (the mile) that is an even number 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 of the other (furlongs). Is that synonymous with determining which one 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 is accurate? No. Eliminate choice (A). With developing a more accurate 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 system? No. (B) is out. Settling the public’s disagreement? Possibly. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Hang on to (C). Finding a metric equivalent? Definitely not, so 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 eliminate (D). Ceasing to use two different systems? Definitely. Between 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 definitely (E)and possibly (C), pick definitely. The answer is (E). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 75 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 9. B Again, use your knowledge of the main idea to help guide you. You can 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 therefore eliminate (A) and (E). Does the English system continue to 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 evolve? Use common sense—no. You are left with (B) and (C). The 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 passage specifically mentions a variety of sources. (B) is the best answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 (C) is less good because it emphasizes the length of history instead of 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the quality of that history. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 10. A You’ve established that the history of the English system is long and 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 colorful. In the second passage, the author is also interested in history. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 So she/he would probably not happily agree that that history is less 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 interesting. But there are dates in both passages. The English system 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 goes back to the sixteenth century. Even if you forget that’s actually the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 1500s, you still know it’s before 1840. So the history is factually 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 shorter. That makes the answer (A). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 11. D Go back to the reference to the French Revolution in the passage. The 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 author specifically mentions its anti-traditionalist bent. So (D) looks 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 good. She/he doesn’t go so far as to indicate that the greatest 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 accomplishment of the French Revolution was the metric system. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Eliminate (A). The author indicates that the metric system was in 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 keeping with the rest of the revolutionary thinking. So eliminate (B). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 There’s no mention of the revolutionary calendar in the passage. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Eliminate (C). (E) is the only tricky wrong answer. The passage says the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 metric system wasn’t adopted in France until 1840, but it doesn’t say it 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 wasn’t fully invented before then. The answer is (D). 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 12. C In the sentence in question, you find that it has been called, or dubbed, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 “voluntary” and “preferred.” The implication is these are some sort of 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 official designation, but they specifically are not required. Choice (C) 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 sounds like a reasonable, noncommittal paraphrase. Eliminate (D). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 These words also don’t suggest any pending official adoption. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Eliminate (B). (A) overstates the case in the other direction: the view of 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the metric system reflected in the sentence in the passage is favorable. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 (E) overstates how favorable—the words in the passage are warm but 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 don’t suggest “superiority.” The answer is (C). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 13. E Refined in the passage is synonymous with recalculated. The passage 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 doesn’t say whether it’s to make the meter smaller or bigger. That only 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 leaves (E). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 76 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 14. B There is no indication of any ideological shift motivating the 1983 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 move. That eliminates (A), (C), and (E). Which is more logical: new 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 calculations of the Earth’s circumference or new ways to calculate 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 fractions? The former, especially where the speed of light is involved. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 The answer is (B). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 15. A As soon as you find an answer that isn’t addressed in one passage, 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 you’re done. Do both passages mention kings who were ruling at the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 time of their invention? No. Passage 2 talks about the French 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 Revolution, which overthrew the king; it only mentions a king in 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 regards to the English system. Choice (A) is the answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 16. A Which of the answers is something that the author of Passage 2 would 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 agree with but does not explicitly state? Which is most plausible? 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Choice (A) is the most reasonable answer on its face. You can find 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 evidence for it when the author says It is the great asset of the metric 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 system, at least for scientists, that units for measuring weight and 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 energy are also derived from the basic unit of the meter and The 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 adoption of the metric system, also known as the international system, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 or S.I., coincided with great advances in science. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Section 7 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 1. There is nothing fancy about this problem. Substitute and solve for x. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2y 5 12 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 y56 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2=x 1 =x 5 y 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2=x 1 =x 5 6 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 3=x 5 6 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 =x 5 2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 x54 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2. The first five even integers are 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10. Rev up that calculator start 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 multiplying. The answer is 3,840. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 3. If the probability that a senior would be picked is three-eighths, then seniors 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 are three-eighths of the entire student body. Since Rider High has 400 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 students, the equation would be: 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 3 1200 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 400 3 5 5 150 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 8 8 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 77 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 4. The volume of any rectangular solid is the length times the width times the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 height. The figure tells us the width and the height, and you can determine 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the length from what you know about the area of the shaded side. Start with 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the area of a rectangle formula and you can find the length: 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 A5l3h 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 24 5 4 3 l 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 65l 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Place this length of 6 into the volume formula for the box: 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 V 5 l 3 h 3 w 5 3 3 4 3 6 5 72 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5. First use the area of a circle formula to determine the radius. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 A 5 pr2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 16p 5 pr2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 16p pr2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 p p 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 16 5 r2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 45r 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 The diameter of a circle is twice the radius, so the diameter is 8. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 6. There are some fancier ways to solve this problem, but the surest way is to 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 count up the options. She could have: 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 1. No toppings. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2. Just a 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 3. Just p 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 4. Just r 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5. a and p 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 6. a and r 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 7. p and r 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 8. All the toppings. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 That is a total of 8. Sure, there’s a fancier math way of handling this 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 problem, but since you have the right answer, what does it matter? Is your 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 SAT score in any way determined by whether you used the “fancy method” 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 or not? 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 78 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 7. If x is the sum of the five numbers, you know: 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 sum 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5 Average 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 number of items 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 x 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5 16 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 x 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 ~5!5 5 16~5! 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 x 5 80 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Make y the number taken away from the set y. You know that 80 minus y is 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the new sum, and that the new average is 14. With this information you can 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 solve for y using the equation: 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 80 2 y 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5 14 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 4 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 80 2 y 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 ~4! 4 5 14 ~4! 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 80 2 y 5 56 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 80 2 56 2 y 5 56 2 56 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 24 2 y 5 0 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 24 5 y 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 8. Since the triangle is a right triangle, you can use the Pythagorean theorem to 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 determine the third side of the triangle: 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 c2 5 a2 1 b2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 100 5 64 1 b2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 36 5 b2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 b56 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 If 6 is the length of one side of the square, the area of the square is the square 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 of that, 36. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 9. You need to remember the right formula for this one. At least you know that 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 since you can’t grid in negative numbers, the slope must be positive. Here’s 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the rise over run calculation: 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 rise y1 2 y2 22 2 1 23 3 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5 slope 5 5 5 5 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 run x1 2 x2 21 2 3 24 4 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 79 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 10. If you work backward from what you know, this problem contains no 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 difficult steps. If Bo is 15 and Gina is five years younger than he, then Gina 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 is 10. And if Gina is 10 and Susan is three times the age of Gina, then Susan 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 is 30. And if Susan is 30 and Tom is twelve years older than Susan, then Tom 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 is 42. There’s your answer, 42. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 11. This one tries to intimidate you with a new symbol and a complicated 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 definition. By now, this sort of attempted distraction should not even faze 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 you, as you are well aware that everything you need to know about the new 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 symbol is right in front of you. 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 The phrase greatest prime divisor means the greatest number that is prime and 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 also divides the original number. So the greatest prime divisor of 15 is 5 since 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 no prime numbers greater than 5 evenly divide into 15. As for 12, the greatest 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 prime divisor is 3. This means (15*)(12*) 5 (5)(3) 5 15. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 12. The graph might look messy, but you only need to pick out the five 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 y-intercepts and add them up. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Line 1: at (0, 2) 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Line 2: at (0, 1) 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Lines 3 and 4: at (0, 0) 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Line 5: at (0, 21) 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Adding up these five y-values gives you: 2 1 1 1 0 1 0 2 1 5 2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 13. The problem says that the numbers are distinct, so none of the four numbers 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 are the same. That’s your first clue. Since the sum of the four numbers is 26, the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 numbers in the sum must be less than 21. Here’s a Rogue’s Gallery List of all 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the less prime numbers: 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, and 19. To find the greatest 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 possible integer in the set, first make all the other integers as least as possible. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 The set could be 2, 3, 5, x. This would maximize x. Now solve: 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2 1 31 51 x 5 21 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 10 1 x 5 21 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 10 2 10 1 x 5 21 2 10 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 x 5 11, also prime. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 11 must be the answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Section 8 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 As you might expect, answers will vary. If possible, politely ask a teacher, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 fellow student, or some other person knowledgeable about formal essay 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 writing to review your essay and provide feedback on ways in which the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 essay is commendable and on areas where it could be improved. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 80 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 MATH 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Number Number Raw 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Correct Incorrect 5 Score 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 (.25 3 )5 Section 2 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Section 5 2 (.25 3 )5 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Section 7 2 (.25 3 )5 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 CRITICAL READING 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Sections 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1, 4, and 6 2 (.25 3 )5 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 WRITING 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Section 3 2 (.25 3 )5 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Section 8 Go to www.petersons.com/satessayedge/ 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 for instant online scoring and feedback. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 Scoring Worksheet Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 81 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 MATH CRITICAL READING 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Raw Math Scaled Raw Math Scaled 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Raw Verbal Scaled Raw Verbal Scaled 2 Score 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Score Score Score Score Score Score Score 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 2 60 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 78 800 37 510 800 28 500 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 59 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 77 800 36 510 800 27 490 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 76 800 35 500 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 58 790 26 490 2 57 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 75 790 34 500 770 25 480 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 56 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 74 780 33 490 760 24 470 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 73 770 32 490 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 55 740 23 460 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 72 760 31 480 2 54 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 720 22 460 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 71 750 30 480 2 53 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 710 21 450 2 52 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 70 740 29 470 700 20 440 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 69 730 28 460 2 51 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 690 19 430 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 68 720 27 460 2 50 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 680 18 420 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 67 710 26 450 2 49 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 670 17 420 66 700 25 450 2 48 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 660 16 410 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 65 700 24 440 2 47 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 650 15 410 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 64 690 23 440 2 46 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 640 14 400 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 63 680 22 430 2 45 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 630 13 390 62 670 21 420 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 44 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 620 12 380 61 670 20 410 2 43 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 610 11 370 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 60 660 19 410 2 42 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 600 10 360 59 650 18 400 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 41 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 600 9 350 58 640 17 390 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 40 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 57 640 16 380 590 8 340 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 56 630 15 380 2 39 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 580 7 330 2 38 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 55 620 14 370 570 6 320 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 37 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 54 610 13 360 560 5 310 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 36 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 53 610 12 360 560 4 300 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 52 600 11 350 2 35 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 550 3 280 2 34 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 51 600 10 340 540 2 270 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 33 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 50 590 9 330 540 1 250 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 49 590 8 320 2 32 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 530 0 240 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 48 580 7 310 2 31 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 520 21 220 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 47 570 6 300 2 30 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 510 22 210 46 570 5 290 2 29 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 510 23 and 200 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 45 560 4 270 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 below 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 44 550 3 260 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 43 550 2 250 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 42 540 1 240 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 41 540 0 230 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 40 530 21 220 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 39 520 22 210 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 38 520 23 and 200 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 below 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 Score Charts 82 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. ...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 08/15/2010 for the course PHYS d4 taught by Professor Brown during the Spring '10 term at Embry-Riddle FL/AZ.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online