SAT Practise Test 1

SAT Practise Test 1 - Answer Sheets 1 SECTION A B D E C...

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Unformatted text preview: Answer Sheets 1 SECTION A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A O B D E C OOOO 6 7 8 9 10 A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A O B D E C OOOO 11 12 13 14 15 A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A O B D E C OOOO 16 17 18 19 20 A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO 2 3 4 5 1 SECTION A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO 1 2 3 4 5 6 A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A O B O C O D O E O 7 8 9 10 11 A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A O B O C O D O E O 12 13 14 15 16 A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A O B O C O D O E O 17 18 19 20 21 A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO 2 SECTION A B D E C OOOOO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A O B O C O D O E O 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A O B O C O D O E O 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A O B O C O D O E O 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO 3 SECTION A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A O B O C O D O E O 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A O B O C O D O E O 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A O B O C O D O E O 22 23 24 25 26 27 A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO 4 SECTION A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A O B D E C OOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A O B D E C OOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A O B D E C OOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO 1 2 3 4 5 6 A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A O B O C O D O E O 7 8 9 10 11 A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A O B O C O D O E O 12 13 14 15 16 A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A O B O C O D O E O 17 18 19 20 21 A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO 5 A B D E C OOOOO Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 1 Answer Sheets SECTION 1 2 3 4 A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A O B D E C OOOO 5 6 7 8 A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A O B D E C OOOO 9 10 11 12 A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A O B D E C OOOO 13 14 15 16 A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO A B D E C OOOOO 6 SECTION 7 1 For Questions 1–13: Only answers entered in the ovals in each grid area will be scored. You will not receive credit for anything written in the boxes above the ovals. 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 2 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. Practice Test 1 Section 1 20 Questions j Time—25 Minutes 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Directions: Read each of the passages carefully, then answer the questions that come after them. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 The answer to each question may be stated overtly or only implied. You will not have to use 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 outside knowledge to answer the questions—all the material you will need will be in the passage 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 itself. In some cases, you will be asked to read two related passages and answer questions about 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 their relationship to one another. Mark the letter of your choice on your answer sheet. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Musical notes, like all sounds, are a result of 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1. In this passage, musical notes are used 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 the sound waves created by movement, like the 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 primarily to 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 rush of air through a trumpet. Musical notes 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) illustrate the difference between 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 are very regular sound waves. The qualities of 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 human-produced and nonhuman2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 these waves—how much they displace mol1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 produced sound. 2 ecules, and how often they do so—give the note 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) demonstrate the difference between 2 its particular sound. How much a sound wave 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 musical sound and all other sound. 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 displaces molecules affects the volume of the 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) provide an example of sound 2 1 note. How frequently a sound wave reaches 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 properties common to all sound. 2 your ear determines whether the note is high1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) convey the difference between 2 or low-pitched. When scientists describe how 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 musical pitch and frequency pitch. 2 high or low a sound is, they use a numerical 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) explain the connection between 2 measurement of its frequency, such as “440 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 number and letter names for sounds. 2 vibrations per second,” rather than the letters 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 musicians use. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 3 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 2. All of the following are true statements 3. The passage cites Walker’s interaction 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 about pitch, according to the passage, with Langston Hughes as 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 EXCEPT: 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) instrumental in her early work being 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) Nonmusical sounds cannot be published. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 referred to in terms of pitch. (B) influential in her decision to study at 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) Pitch is solely determined by the Northwestern University. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 frequency of the sound wave. (C) not as important at the time it 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) Pitch is closely related to the happened as it is now, due to 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 vibration of molecules. Hughes’ fame. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) Pitch cannot be accurately described (D) a great encouragement for Walker’s 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 with letter names. confidence as a poet. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) Humans’ perception of pitch is not (E) important to her choice to study at 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 affected by the intensity of the New Orleans University. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 sound wave. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 4. The passage suggests that Walker’s 2Line Margaret Walker, who would become 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 decision to become a poet 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 one of the most important twentieth2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) occurred before she entered college. century African-American poets, was 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) was primarily a result of her interacborn in Birmingham, Alabama, in 1915. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2(5) Her parents, a minister and a music 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 tion with Hughes. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) was not surprising, given her teacher, encouraged her to read poetry 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 upbringing. and philosophy even as a child. Walker 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) occurred after her transfer to completed her high school education at 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Northwestern University. Gilbert Academy in New Orleans and 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2(10) went on to attend New Orleans Univer1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) was sudden and immediately 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 successful. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 sity for two years. It was then that the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 important Harlem Renaissance poet 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 Langston Hughes recognized her talent Questions 5–10 are based on the following 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 and persuaded her to continue her passage. 2(15) education in the North. She transferred 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Line F. Scott Fitzgerald was a prominent to Northwestern University in Illinois, 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 American writer of the twentieth century. where she received a degree in English in 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 This passage comes from one of his short 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1935. Her poem, “For My People,” 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 stories and tells the story of a young John 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 which would remain one of her most 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (5) Unger leaving home for boarding school. 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2(20) important works, was also her first 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 John T. Unger came from a family 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 publication, appearing in Poetry maga2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 that had been well known in Hades—a 2 1 zine in 1937. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 small town on the Mississippi River—for 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 several generations. John’s father had 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (10) held the amateur golf championship 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 through many a heated contest; Mrs. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Unger was known “from hot-box to 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 hot-bed,” as the local phrase went, for 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 4 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 her political addresses; and young John 2 So the old man and the young shook 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 (15) T. Unger, who had just turned sixteen, 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 hands, and John walked away with tears 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 had danced all the latest dances from streaming from his eyes. Ten minutes 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 New York before he put on long troulater he had passed outside the city limits 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 sers. And now, for a certain time, he was (60) and he stopped to glance back for the last 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 to be away from home. time. Over the gates the old-fashioned 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 (20) 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 That respect for a New England Victorian motto seemed strangely 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 education which is the bane of all attractive to him. His father had tried 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 provincial places, which drains them time and time again to have it changed to 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (65) yearly of their most promising young something with a little more push and 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 men, had seized upon his parents. verve about it, such as “Hades—Your 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 (25) Nothing would suit them but that he 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Opportunity,” or else a plain “Welcome” 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 should go to St. Midas’s School near sign set over a hearty handshake pricked 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Boston—Hades was too small to hold out in electric lights. The old motto was a 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (70) their darling and gifted son. Now in little depressing, Mr. Unger had 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Hades—as you know if you ever have thought—but now ... 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 (30) been there—the names of the more So John took his look and then set 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 fashionable preparatory schools and his face resolutely toward his destination. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 colleges mean very little. The inhabitants And, as he turned away, the lights of 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (75) have been so long out of the world that, Hades against the sky seemed full of a 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 though they make a show of keeping warm and passionate beauty. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 (35) up-to-date in dress and manners and 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 literature, they depend to a great extent 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 5. The tone of line 28 can best be described as 2 1 on hearsay, and a function that in Hades 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) compassionate. would be considered elaborate would 2 1 (B) sincere. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 doubtless be hailed by a Chicago 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) sardonic. 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 (40) beef-princess as “perhaps a little tacky.” 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) dismayed. 2 1 John T. Unger was on the eve of 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) understated. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 departure. Mrs. Unger, with maternal 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 fatuity, packed his trunks full of linen 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 6. The “Chicago beef-princess” (lines 39–40) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 suits and electric fans, and Mr. Unger 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 can best be described as representing the 2 (45) presented his son with an asbestos 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Chicago upper class by way of which 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 pocket-book stuffed with money. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 literary device? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 “Remember, you are always welcome 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 here,” he said. “You can be sure, boy, (A) Anachronism 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 that we’ll keep the home fires burning.” (B) Simile 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 (50) “I know,” answered John huskily. (C) Apostrophe 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 “Don’t forget who you are and where (D) Metaphor 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 you come from,” continued his father (E) Neologism 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 proudly, “and you can do nothing to 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 harm you. You are an Unger—from 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 (55) Hades.” 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 5 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 7. The phrase “maternal fatuity” (line 10. The names Hades, St. Midas, and Unger 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 42–43), suggests that suggest that the passage can be considered 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 a(n) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) John will not need linen suits and 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 electric fans at St. Midas’s. (A) epic poem. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) John’s mother packed frantically and (B) euphemism. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 ineffectively. (C) aphorism. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) John’s mother was excessively (D) satire. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 doting. (E) allegory. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) John resented his mother packing for 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 him. Questions 11–20 are based on the following 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 (E) John never enjoyed linen suits or passage. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 electric fans. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 This passage discusses the work of Abe Kobo, a 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 8. From the conversation between John and 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Japanese novelist of the twentieth century. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 his father in paragraphs 3–6, it can be 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Line Abe Kobo is one of the great writers of 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 inferred that John feels 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 postwar Japan. His literature is richer, 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 less predictable, and wider-ranging than (A) rejected and angry. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 that of his famed contemporaries, (B) melancholic but composed. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (5) Mishima Yukio and Nobel laureate Oe (C) impassive and indifferent. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Kenzaburo. It is infused with the passion 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) resigned but filled with dread. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 and strangeness of his experiences in 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) relieved but apprehensive. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Manchuria, which was a Japanese colony 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 9. John’s meditation on the town’s sign in 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 on mainland China before World War II. 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (10) Abe spent his childhood and much of his paragraph 6 serves in the passage prima2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 youth in Manchuria, and, as a result, rily to suggest a contrast between 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the orbit of his work would be far less 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) John’s love of Victorian things and 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 controlled by the oppressive gravitational 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 his father’s love of modern things. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 pull of the themes of furusato (home2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) his father’s commercialism and 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (15) town) and the emperor than his contem2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 John’s sentimentality. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 poraries’. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) John’s previous role as a part of the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Abe, like most of the sons of Japa2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 town and his new role as nostalgic 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 nese families living in Manchuria, did 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 outsider. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 return to Japan for schooling. He entered 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) his father’s naivety and John’s 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (20) medical school in Tokyo in 1944—just in pragmatism. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 time to forge himself a medical certificate (E) the old-fashioned atmosphere in the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 claiming ill health; this allowed him to town before John’s father influenced 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 avoid fighting in the war that Japan was 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 it and its current modernity. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 already losing and return to Manchuria. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (25) When Japan lost the war, however, it also 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 lost its Manchurian colony. The Japanese 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 living there were attacked by the Soviet 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Army and various guerrilla bands. They 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 6 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 suddenly found themselves refugees, 2 accurate to say that the novel simply 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 (30) desperate for food. Many unfit men were 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 marked a turning point in his career, 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 abandoned in the Manchurian desert. At when Abe turned away from the experi2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 this apocalyptic time, Abe lost his father (75) mental and heavily political work of his 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 to cholera. earlier career. Fortunately, he did not 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 He returned to mainland Japan once then turn to furusato and the emperor 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 (35) more, where the young were turning to 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 after all, but rather began a somewhat 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Marxism as a rejection of the militarism more realistic exploration of his continu2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (80) of the war. After a brief, unsuccessful ing obsession with homelessness and 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 stint at medical school, he became part of alienation. Not completely a stranger to 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 a Marxist group of avant-garde artists. his earlier commitment to Marxism, Abe 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 (40) His work at this time was passionate and 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 turned his attention, beginning in the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 outspoken on political matters, adopting sixties, to the effects on the individual of 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (85) black humor as its mode of critique. Japan’s rapidly urbanizing, growth2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 During this time, Abe worked in the driven, increasingly corporate society. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 genres of theater, music, and photogra2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 (45) phy. Eventually, he mimeographed fifty 11. The word “infused” in line 6 most closely 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 copies of his first “published” literary 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 means 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 work, entitled Anonymous Poems, in 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) illuminated. 1947. It was a politically charged set of 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) saturated. poems dedicated to the memory of his 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) influenced. 2 (50) father and friends who had died in 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) bewildered. Manchuria. Shortly thereafter, he 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 (E) nuanced. published his first novel, For a Signpost 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 at the End of a Road, which imagined 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12. The author refers to “the orbit” of Abe’s 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 another life for his best friend who had 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 work (lines 12–13) to emphasize that 2 (55) died in the Manchurian desert. Abe was 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 also active in the Communist Party, (A) his work covers a wide range of 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 organizing literary groups for workingthemes. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 men. (B) the emperor is often compared to a 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Unfortunately, most of this radical sun. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 C. Abe’s travels were the primary 2 (60) early work is unknown outside Japan 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 and underappreciated even in Japan. In themes in his work. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 early 1962, Abe was dismissed from the D. Abe’s work is so different from his 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Japanese Liberalist Party. Four months contemporaries’ that it is like 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 later, he published the work that would another solar system. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 (65) blind us to his earlier oeuvre, Woman in 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) conventional themes can limit an 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the Dunes. It was director Teshigahara author’s individuality. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Hiroshi’s film adaptation of Woman in 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the Dunes that brought Abe’s work to 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the international stage. The movie’s fame 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 (70) has wrongly led readers to view the novel 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 as Abe’s masterpiece. It would be more 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 13. From the sentence beginning “He entered 16. Which of the following does the passage 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 medical school. . . “ in lines 19–24, it can present as a fact? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 be inferred that 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) Abe was a better playwright than 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) Abe entered medical school because novelist. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 he was sick. (B) Abe’s early work was of greater 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) sick people were sent to Manchuria quality than his later work. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 during World War II. (C) The group of avant-garde artists of 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) Abe wanted to help the ill and which Abe was a part were influ2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 injured in World War II, rather than enced by Marxism. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 fight. (D) The themes of furusato and the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) illness would excuse one from emperor have precluded Japanese 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 military duty in World War II Japan. literature from playing a major role 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) Abe never intended to practice in world literature. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 medicine. (E) Abe’s work is richer than his 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 contemporaries’ because he included 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 14. The author uses the word “apocalyptic” 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 autobiographical elements. 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 to emphasize that 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 17. The phrase “blind us” in lines 65–66 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) Manchuria suffered intensely as a 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 refers to the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 result of the use of nuclear weapons 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 in World War II. (A) absence of film adaptations for Abe’s 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) Abe was deeply affected by the loss other novels. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 of his father. (B) excessive critical attention to Abe’s 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 (C) there was massive famine in Mannovel, Woman in the Dunes. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 churia at the end of World War II. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) difficulty in reconciling Woman in 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) postwar Manchuria experienced the Dunes and other later works 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 exhilarating change. with the form and content of his 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) conditions in Manchuria after World earlier works. 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 War II were generally horrific. (D) challenge of interpreting Abe’s more 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 experimental works. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 15. The word “avant-garde” (line 39) could 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 (E) overwhelming power of Abe’s novel, 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 best be replaced by Woman in the Dunes. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) experimental. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) dramatic. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) novel. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) profound. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) realistic. 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 8 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 20. The author’s attitude toward Marxism 2 18. The author’s main purpose in the passage 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 is to can best be described as 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) defend Abe’s later works against the (A) contemptuous derision. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 prevalent criticism of it. (B) reverent espousal. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) advocate for Abe’s work over that of (C) skeptical tolerance. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 his contemporaries. (D) respectful interest. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) explain the differences between Abe’s (E) restrained impatience. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 earlier and later works. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) argue that Abe is an even greater 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 writer and artist than generally 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 perceived. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) demonstrate that Abe’s work became 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 less interesting after he left Manchu2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 ria. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 19. The author of the passage is most likely a 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) film critic. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) literary critic. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) avant-garde artist. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) translator. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) novelist. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Do not proceed to the next section until time is up. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 STOP Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 9 Section 2 21 Questions j Time—25 Minutes 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Directions: Solve the following problems using any available space on the page for scratchwork. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Mark the letter of your choice on the answer sheet that best corresponds to the correct answer. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Notes: 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1. You may use a calculator. All of the numbers used are real numbers. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2. You may use the figures that accompany the problems to help you find the solution. Unless 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the instructions say that a figure is not drawn to scale, assume that it has been drawn 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 accurately. Each figure lies in a plane unless the instructions say otherwise. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2s r 2x 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 w r xs 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 c h h hb 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 w 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 s b 3x a A 5 pr2 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 2 2 2 2 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 C 5 2pr A 5 ,w A 5 bh V 5 ,wh V 5 pr h c 5 a 1 b Special Right Triangles 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 The number of degrees of arc in a circle is 360. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 The measure in degrees of a straight angle is 180. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 The sum of the measures in degrees of the angles of a triangle is 180. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 2 1. What percentage of 75 is 12? 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2. If a circle is inscribed in a square of area 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 36, what is the area of the circle? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 8% 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) 12% (A) 36p 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 16% (B) 24p 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 18% (C) 12p 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 (E) 20% (D) 9p 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 6p 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 Reference Information 45 60 30 45 10 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 4. The first four terms of a series are 1, 4, 9, 2 3. Which of the following could have a slope 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 of one? and 16. What is the eight term of this 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 series? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 49 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) 56 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 64 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 72 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 81 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 5. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 (B) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 What is the area of the above parallelo2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 gram? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 16 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) 18 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 22 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 24 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 32 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 6. Which of the following fractions has the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 greatest reciprocal? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 9 (D) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 4 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 5 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 3 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 2 1 3 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 3 (E) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 13 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 11 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 9. 2 7. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 According to the chart above, Company B 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 produced approximately how many more 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 widgets than Company A? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 (A) 75,000 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) 150,000 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 225,000 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 If a 5 60 and c 5 50 then x = (D) 300,000 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 375,000 (A) 40 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) 65 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 10. If xx is odd, and x is an integer, then the (C) 75 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 value of x must be (D) 85 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 110 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) odd. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) even. 2 8. @~22 1 22!21#22 5 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) less than one. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 (D) an irrational number. 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 64 (E) None of the above. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 16 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 8 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 16 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 64 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 12 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 14. If the determinant of this matrix is 26, 2 The following description applies to questions 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 11–13. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 what is the value of n? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 The factorial of a number is the product of all 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 n4 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 the integers from one to the number. For 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 5 27 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 example, 5 factorial is 5 3 4 3 3 3 2 3 1. The 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 notation for a factorial is the number followed 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 22 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 by an exclamation point. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 3 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) 25 2 Thus 5! 5 5 3 4 3 3 3 2 3 1. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 5 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 27 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 6! 2 11. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 28 5 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 3! 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 3 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 2 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 28 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 4 (B) 16 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 30 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 15. If p 1 q 5 2q 1 6, which of the following 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 88 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 statements must be true? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 120 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 I. p is even 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 II. q is even 2 12. If f(x) 5 (x!) then f(3) 5 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 III. pq is even 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 16 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) I only (B) 36 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) II only (C) 172 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) II and III only (D) 1080 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) I, II, and III (E) 6282 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) None 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 13. If y 1 2 5 x , and y and x are integers, 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 16. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 y! 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 then 5 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 x! 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 ~y 1 2!~y 1 1! 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) y 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 For the above graph, for which values of x (C) 2 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 y is y . 0? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 y (A) 23 , 21 and 1 , x , 3 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 x (B) x , 23 and 21 , x , 1 and x . 3 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) y(y 2 1) (C) x , 23 and 1 , x , 3 and x . 3 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) x . 3 and x . 21 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 23 . x . 3 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 SD Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 13 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 19. Raising n2p by which of the following will 2 17. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 n 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 give the result n? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2p 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 The numbers from the number set pn 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 {9, 11, 12, 15, 16} must be put in the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 n 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 above boxes according to these condi(B) np 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 tions: 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 p 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) Boxes A, C, and D contain numbers 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 n 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 divisible by three. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2n 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Box B contains a prime number. p 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 n1p 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Which number must be in Box E? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 p 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 9 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) 11 20. If n is a positive integer and n, n 2 2, and 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 12 n 1 2 are each prime numbers, then the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 15 set of those three numbers is called a 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 16 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 prime triplet. How many different prime 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 triplets are there where none of the set is 2 18. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 greater than fifty? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) 2 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 3 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 4 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) None. If,AC 5 8, AB 5 4, and D and H are 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 midpoints on CE and AG respectively, 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 21. If a circle has four tangents, each of which what percentage of the rectangle is 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 is perpendicular to two of the other shaded? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 tangents, then 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 12.5% 2 1 (A) at most one pair of tangent lines is 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) 16.33% 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 parallel. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 20% 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) at most two pairs of tangent lines are 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 25% 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 parallel. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 (E) 30% 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) all four tangent lines are parallel. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) a square is inscribed in the circle. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) one particular diameter could be 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 perpendicular to all four tangent 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 lines. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Do not proceed to the next section until time is up. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 STOP 14 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. Section 3 30 Questions j Time—25 Minutes 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Identifying Sentence Errors 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Directions: Mark the letter of your choice on the answer sheet that best corresponds to the 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 correct answer. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Notes: 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1. The following questions test your knowledge of the rules of English grammar, as well as 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 word usage, word choice, and idioms. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2. Some sentences are correct, but others contain a single error. No sentence contains more 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 than one error. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 3. Any errors that occur will be found in the underlined portion of the sentence. Choose the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 letter underneath the error to indicate the part of the sentence that must be changed. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 4. If there is no error, pick answer choice (E). 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 5. There will be no change in any parts of the sentence that are not underlined. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1. Despite the enormous voter drive, there 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 3. The FDA did not conclude that the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 A A B 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 are still many city-dwellers who are not negative side affects of the drug offset the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 C B C 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 registered to vote. No error drug’s positive benefits. No error 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 D E D E 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 2. Debating the energy bill was the first 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 4. Over the last decade, the information 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 A A 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 order of business for the Senate; to set the industry had grown into a multi-billion2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 B C B 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 calendar for the upcoming session dollar industry that employs tens of 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 C D 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 thousands of workers. No error was to follow. No error (E) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 E D E 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 8. Of Armigo’s two films, most critics agree 2 5. Reading widely in her field, making herself 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 A B A B 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 available to students, and that the second is best. No error 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 CD E 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 her sophisticated research paid off for 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 9. Most people in the neighborhood 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 C D 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Professor Jackson: she was awarded 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 agree that it is reasonable for the represen2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 tenure last year. No error A B 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 tative to not acquiesce to the demands of E 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 C D 2 6. One cannot perform multiple tasks 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the transit authority. No error 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 E 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 simultaneously if one is easily distracted 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 10. Although in many ways Canada is a 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 A B C 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 by one’s surroundings. No error A 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 staunch ally of the United States, D E 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 B 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 7. In many ways emblematic of the sweeping 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 they have made their differences 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 A C 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 changes the state’s agricultural industry known on a number of important issues. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 B D 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 has undergone, strawberry farming No error 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 C E 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 had exploded in Central California. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 D 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 No error 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 E 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 16 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Improving Sentences 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Directions: 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1. The following questions test your knowledge of English grammar, word usage, word 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 choice, sentence construction, and punctuation. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2. Every sentence contains a portion that is underlined. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 3. Any errors that occur will be found in the underlined portion of the sentence. If you 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 believe there is an error, choose the answer choice that corrects the original mistake. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Answer choices (B), (C), (D), and (E) contain alternative phrasings of the underlined 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 portion. If the sentence contains an error, one of these alternate phrasings will correct it. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 4. Choice (A) repeats the original underlined portion. If you believe the underlined portion 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 does not contain any errors, select answer choice (A). 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 5. There will be no change in any parts of the sentence that are not underlined. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 11. Her first novel having been published, the 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 13. After working on his serve for several 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 author began to take notes for her second. days, rumors circulated that the challenger 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 would win the rematch. (A) Her first novel having been published 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) After working on his serve for (B) Having been her most recent novel 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 several days, rumors circulated that published 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the challenger would win the (C) Her first novel, having been pub2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 rematch. lished 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) After working on his serve for (D) When having had her first novel 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 several days, the challenger circupublished 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 lated rumors that he would win the (E) Having published her first novel 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 rematch. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 12. Van Gogh’s early work has often been 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) Rumors circulated that the chal2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 described as being in sharp contrast with lenger, after working on his serve for 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 his later work, despite there is a fundaseveral days, would win the rematch. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 mental continuity between the two. 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) After having worked on his serve for 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 several days, the rematch was (A) with his later work, despite 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 rumored to be won by the challenger. (B) with his later work; despite the fact 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) After working on his serve for that 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 several days, rumors circulated, the (C) with his later work, rather, 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 challenger would win the rematch. 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) with his later work, but 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) with his later work, notwithstanding 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 17 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 16. Coffee shops, which were formerly found 2 14. The artist thought that it was important 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 only in urban settings and near college both to portray the subject truthfully, no 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 campuses, have been expanding in the last matter the difficulty, and revealing 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 something new about the subject. few years outside these circumspect 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 domains. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) and revealing something new about 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) which were formerly found only in the subject. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 urban settings and near college (B) and so he revealed something new 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 campuses about the subject. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) being formerly found only in urban (C) and to reveal something new about 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 settings and near college campuses the subject. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 (C) which have been found formerly only (D) having thereby revealed something 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 in urban settings and near college new about the subject. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 campuses (E) and revealing something about the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) which were formerly found only in subject that is new. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 urban settings or near college 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 15. Max Planck was not only one of the 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 campuses 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 founders of quantum mechanics, but an (E) that were formerly found only in 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 accomplished pianist. urban settings and near college 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 campuses 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) mechanics, but an accomplished 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 pianist. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 17. Until the Chin dynasty changed this 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) mechanics; but he was also an 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 practice, most Chinese intellectuals did 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 accomplished pianist. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 not travel to the imperial court but 2 1 (C) mechanics; and he was also an 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 remained in their native provincial centers. 2 accomplished pianist. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 (A) but remained in their native provin(D) mechanics, and an accomplished 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 cial centers. pianist. 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) and remained in their native provin(E) mechanics, but also an accomplished 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 cial centers. piano. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) but rather they remained in the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 native provinces. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) yet they remained in their native 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 provincial centers. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) but remained in the provinces to 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 which they were native. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 18 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 20. Philology, the study of words, no longer 2 18. The artwork of the late Renaissance was 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 characterized by a deep sympathy for the exists in academia as a distinct discipline 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 human subject, often portraying human because it has been subsumed under the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 frailties and failings. study of linguistics. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) often portraying human frailties and (A) it has been subsumed under the study 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 failings. of linguistics. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) and it often portrayed human (B) it was subsumed in the past under 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 frailties and failings. the study of linguistics. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) human frailties and human failings (C) it has been subsumed with the study 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 being often portrayed. of linguistics. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 (D) although it often portrayed human (D) linguistics previously having sub2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 frailties and failings. sumed it. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) though portraying human frailties (E) it had been subsumed under the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 and failings. study of linguistics. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 19. Pancho Villa’s raid on Columbus, New 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Mexico, which was part of the tumult of 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the Mexican revolution, therefore 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 prompted a retaliatory expedition led by 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 General Pershing. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) revolution, therefore prompted a 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 retaliatory expedition led by General 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Pershing. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 (B) revolution, thereby prompting a 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 retaliatory expedition led by General 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Pershing. 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) revolution, had prompted General 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Pershing to lead a retaliatory 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 expedition. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) revolution; a retaliatory expedition 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 led by General Pershing thereby 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 prompted. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) revolution, prompted a retaliatory 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 expedition led by General Pershing. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 19 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2Improving Paragraphs 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Directions: 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1. The following questions test your knowledge of paragraph and sentence construction. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2. The following passage is a rough draft of an essay. This rough draft contains various 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 errors. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 3. Read the rough draft and then answer the questions that follow. Some questions will focus 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 on specific sentences and ask if there are any problems with that sentence’s word choice, 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 word usage, or overall structure. Other questions will ask about the paragraph itself. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 These questions will focus on paragraph organization and development. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 4. Select the answer that best reflects the rules of English grammar and proper essay and 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 paragraph writing. 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 21. Which of the following offers the best 2 1 Questions 21–25 are based on the following 2passage. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 combination of sentences 1 and 2 (repro2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 duced below)? 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2(1) An incredible hot-air balloon exhibition 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 An incredible hot-air balloon exhibition hap2happened on September 5, 1862. (2) It was 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 pened on September 5, 1862. It was given 2given by Glaisher and Coxwell, two English1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 by Glaisher and Coxwell, two Englishmen. 2men. (3) There was no compressed oxygen for 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 them to breathe in those days. (4) They got so (A) An incredible hot-air balloon 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2high that they couldn’t use their limbs. (5) 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 exhibition was given September 5, 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2Coxwell had to open the descending valve with 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1862 by Glaisher and Coxwell, two 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Englishmen. 2his teeth. (6) Before Glaisher passed out, he 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) An incredibly hot-air balloon 2 1 recorded an elevation of twenty-nine thousand 2feet. (7) Many believe they got eight thousand 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 exhibition happened on September 5, 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2feet higher before they began to descend, 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1862, given by Glaisher and Cox2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2making their ascent the highest in the nine1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 well, two Englishmen. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2teenth century. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) Given by Glaisher and Coxwell, two 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 (8) Now the largest balloon to go up in the 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Englishmen, an incredible hot-air 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2nineteenth century was “The Giant.” (9) The 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 balloon exhibition happened on 2 1 2balloon held 215,000 cubic feet of air and was 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 September 5, 1862. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 274 feet wide. (10) It could carry four and a half 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) Glaisher and Coxwell, two English2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2tons of cargo. (11) Its flight began in Paris, in 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 men, gave an incredible hot-air 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 21853, with fifteen passengers. (12) All of whom 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 balloon exhibition, happening on 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2returned safely. (13) The successful trip received 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 September 5, 1862. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) Two Englishmen, Glaisher and 2 1 a great deal of national and international press 2because many thought the hot-air balloon would 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Coxwell, gave an incredible hot-air bal2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2become a form of common transportation. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 loon exhibition on September 5, 1862. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 20 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 22. Which of the following sentences in the 24. Which of the following is the best way to 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 first paragraph appears to be out of order? combine sentences 9 and 10 (reproduced 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 below)? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) There was no compressed oxygen for 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 them to breathe in those days. The balloon held 215,000 cubic feet of air 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) They got so high that they couldn’t and was 74 feet wide. It could handle four 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 use their limbs. and a half tons of cargo. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) Coxwell had to open the descending 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) The balloon held 215,000 cubic feet 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 valve with his teeth. 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 of air and was 74 feet wide, which 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) Before Glaisher passed out, he 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 could handle four and a half tons of 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 recorded an elevation of 29 thousand 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 cargo. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 feet. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) The balloon held 215,000 cubic feet 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) Many believe they got 8 thousand 2 of air and was 74 feet wide, handling 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 feet higher before they began to four and a half tons of cargo. 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 descend. (C) The balloon held 215,000 cubic feet 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 of air and was 74 feet wide; it could 2 23. Which of the following is the best revision 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 handle four and a half tons of cargo. 2 1 for sentence 8 (reproduced below)? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) The balloon held 215,000 cubic feet 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Now the largest balloon to go up in the of air and was 74 feet wide, and it 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 nineteenth century was “The Giant.” could handle four and a half tons of 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 cargo. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) Move “in the nineteenth century” to 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) The balloon held 215,000 cubic feet 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the beginning of the sentence and 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 of air and was 74 feet wide, but it delete “Now” 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 could carry four and a half tons of (B) Add a comma after “Now.” 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 cargo. (C) Begin the sentence with “Moreover,” 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) Delete “now.” 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 25. Which of the following is the best way to 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) Replace “to go up” with “exhibition.” 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 revise sentences 11 and 12 (reproduced 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 below)? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Its flight began in Paris, in 1853, with 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 fifteen passengers. All of whom returned 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 safely. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) Replace “whom” with “who.” 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) Make the second sentence read 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 “Who all returned safely.” 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 (C) Delete “of” 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) Replace the period at the end of 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 sentence 11 with a comma. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) Delete the period at the end of 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 sentence 11 and change “returned” 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 to “returning” 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 21 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2Questions 26–30 are based on the following 26. Which of the following is the revision of 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2passage. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 sentence 4 (reproduced below)? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 One of the officials from the literacy pro2(1) On my nineteenth birthday, I began my trip 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 gram I was working was there to meet me. 2to Mali, West Africa. (2) Some 24 hours later I 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2arrived in Bamako, the capital of Mali. (3) The 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) As it is now. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2sun had set and the night was starless. (4) One 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) One of the literacy program I was 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2of the officials from the literacy program I was 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 working’s officials was there to meet 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 working was there to meet me. (5) After the me. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2melee in the baggage claim, we proceeded to his 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) There, was one of the officials from 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2car. (6) Actually, it was a truck. (7) I was soon 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the literacy program I was working 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2to learn that most people in Mali that had 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 to meet me. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2automobiles actually had trucks or SUVs. (8) 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) One of the officials from the literacy 2Apparently, there not just a convenience but a 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 program where I worked had been 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2necessity when you live on the edge of the 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 there to meet me. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2Sahara. (9) I threw my bags into the bed of the 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) One of the officials from the literacy 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 program where I would be working 2 1 truck, and hopped in to the back of the cab. 2(10) Riding to my welcome dinner, I stared out 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 was there to meet me. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2the windows of the truck and took in the city. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2(11) It was truly a foreign land to me, and I 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 27. Which of the following is the best way to 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2knew that I was an alien there. (12) “What am 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 revise sentence 7 (reproduced below)? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 I was soon to learn that most people in 2I doing here?” I thought. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 (13) It is hard to believe but seven months 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Mali that had automobiles actually had 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 later I returned to the same airport along the trucks or SUVs. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2same road that I had traveled on that first night 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) Change “I was soon to learn” to “I 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2in Bamako, and my perspective on the things 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 was soon learning” 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2that I saw had completely changed. (14) The 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) Change “that had automobiles” to 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2landscape that had once seemed so desolate and 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 “who had automobiles” 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2lifeless now was the homeland of people that I 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) Replace “or” with “and” 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2had come to love. (15) When I looked back at 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) Add commas after “Mali” and 2the capital, Bamako, fast receding on the 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 “automobiles” 2horizon, I did not see a city foreboding and 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) Add an apostrophe to make “SUVs” 7 2wild in its foreignness. (16) I saw the city which 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 read “SUV’s“ 2held so many dear friends. (17) I saw tea1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 2drinking sessions going late into the night. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2(18) I saw the hospitality and open-heartedness 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2of the people of Mali. (19) The second time, 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2everything looked completely different, and I 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2knew that it was I who had changed and not it. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 22 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 28. Sentence 13 (reproduced below) would 29. If you were to combine sentences 16–18 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 best be revised to which of the following (reproduced below) into one sentence, 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 choices? which of the following would be the best 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 choice? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 It is hard to believe but seven months later 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 I returned to the same airport along the I saw the city which held so many dear 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 same road that I had traveled on that first friends. I saw tea-drinking sessions going 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 night in Bamako, and my perspective on late into the night. I saw the hospitality 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the things that I saw had completely and open-heartedness of the people of 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 changed. Mali. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) As it is now. (A) I saw the city which held so many 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) It is hard to believe, but seven dear friends; I saw tea-drinking 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 months later I returned to the same 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 sessions going late into the night; I 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 airport along the same road that I saw the hospitality and open234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 had traveled on that first night in heartedness of the people of Mali. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Bamako: my perspective on the (B) I saw the city which held so many 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 things I saw had completely changed. dear friends, drinking tea into late in 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) It is hard to believe but seven months the night, and the hospitality and 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 later I returned to the same airport open-heartedness of the people of 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 along the same road that I had Mali. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 traveled on that first night in (C) I saw the city which held so many 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Bamako, and my perspective dear friends, I saw tea-drinking 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 completely changed on the things I sessions going late into the night, I 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 saw. saw the hospitality and open2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) It is hard to believe, but seven heartedness of the people of Mali. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 months later, when I returned to the (D) I saw the city which held so many 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 same airport along the same road dear friends, tea-drinking sessions 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 that I had traveled on that first night going late into the night, the hospi2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 in Bamako, my perspective on the tality and open-heartedness of the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 things I saw had completely changed. 2 people of Mali. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) It is hard to believe, but seven (E) I saw the city which held so many 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 months later I returned to the same dear friends: tea-drinking sessions 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 airport along the same road that I going late into the night, the hospi2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 had traveled on that first night in tality and open-heartedness of the 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Bamako, and my perspective on the people of Mali. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 things that I saw having completely 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 changed. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 23 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 30. Which of the following must be done to 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 sentence 8 (reproduced below) to make it 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 conform to the rules of written English? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Apparently, there not just a convenience 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 but a necessity when you live on the edge 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 of the Sahara. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) Eliminate the comma after “Appar2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 ently” 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) Change “there” to “they are” 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) Add commas after “convenience” 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 and “necessity” 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 (D) Change “you live” to “one lives” 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) Add “Desert” after “Sahara“ 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Do not proceed to the next section until time is up. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 STOP 24 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. Section 4 27 Questions j Time—25 Minutes 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Directions: Each sentence below has either one or two blanks in it and is followed by five 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 choices, labeled (A) through (E). These choices represent words or phrases that have been left 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 out. Choose the word or phrase that, if inserted into the sentence, would best fit the meaning of 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 the sentence as a whole. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Example: 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Canine massage is a veterinary technique 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 for calming dogs that are extremely __________. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) inept 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) disciplined 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) controlled 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) stressed 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) restrained 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 A B C E OOO ÞÞÞÞO Þ 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1. The professor’s oldest colleague was 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2. The new team member’s __________ was 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 selected to give the __________ at the an encouragement to the rest of the team, 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 funeral. who had become __________ by the string 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 of defeats. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) eulogy 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) elegy (A) enthusiasm. .elated 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) epigraph (B) vigor. .inundated 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) eponymy (C) ebullience. .dispirited 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) epitaph (D) dourness. .undone 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) excessiveness. .downcast 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 3. By the end of the campaign both candi7. The outcome of the race seemed 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 dates had resorted to __________ the __________ before the leader’s misstep on 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 other. the final leg gave her competitors a(n) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 __________ of winning the title. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) commending 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) denigrating (A) dubious. .prospect 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) mollifying (B) inevitable. .hope 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) conceding (C) indubitable. .air 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) swindling (D) assured. .expectation 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) partial. .endeavor 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 4. The cat __________ crept across the lawn, 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 gracefully __________ the dog. 8. Though the new pharmaceutical regime 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 was intended to be beneficial, its actual 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) felicitously. .enticing 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 effect was __________, a result the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) swiftly. .defeating 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 medical community __________. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) acrobatically. .apprehending 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) maladroitly. .undermining (A) harmful. .heralded 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) deftly. .eluding (B) abundant. .castigated 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) fortuitous. .ignored 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 5. The storyteller’s __________ anecdotes 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) detrimental. .lamented 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 earned her the __________ attention of (E) negative. .projected 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the crowd. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 9. The life of the lightening bug is 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) compelling. .rapt 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 __________ to human eyes: They live only 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) pointed. .spellbound 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 twenty-four hours. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) moribund. .lucid 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) poignant. .abrasive (A) ludicrous 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) meandering. .distracted (B) ephemeral 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) epic 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 6. The bill became bogged down in a(n) 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) ecstatic 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 __________ of contentious issues in a (E) incandescent 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Senate subcommittee. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 10. The kangaroo species __________ in the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) marsh 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 new environment where there was an 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) sequence 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 abundant supply of food and a(n) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) iota 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 __________ of predators. 2 1 (D) conundrum 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) quagmire (A) stagnated. .excess 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) bolstered. .paucity 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) exploded. .abundance 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) flagged. .absence 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) flourished. .dearth 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 26 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 11. With her speech, the politician attempted 15. The senior official __________ at the 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 to __________ the fears of the __________ insinuation that his country’s international 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 citizens. trade policies were directly __________ the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 region’s economic woes. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) intensify. .disingenuous 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) ignore. .alarmed (A) balked. .responsible for 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) assuage. .concerned (B) wrinkled. .at fault for 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) quell. .disaffected (C) staggered. .inhibiting 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) exploit. .serene (D) blundered. .implicated in 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) riled. .accountable to 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 12. The fencing champion was __________ 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 with her rapier, but in most other sports 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Questions 16–27 are based on the following 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 she was rather __________. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 passage. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) adroit. .awkward 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 The following passage was written by John 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) adept. .lithe 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Janovec, an ecologist who has worked in the Los 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) tenacious. .passable 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Amigos watershed in Peru. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) incompetent. .clumsy 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Line The Amazonian wilderness harbors the (E) deft. .skillful 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 greatest number of species on this planet 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 13. Jane Goodall was at first a(n) __________ 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 and is an irreplaceable resource for 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 present and future generations. Amazoin her field, but since then she has received 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (5) nia is crucial for maintaining global many accolades for her work. 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 climate and genetic resources, and its 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) acolyte 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 forest and rivers provide vital sources of 2 1 (B) maverick 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 food, building materials, pharmaceuti2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) luminary 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 cals, and water needed by wildlife and 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) charlatan 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (10) humanity. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) miser 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 The Los Amigos watershed in the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 state of Madre de Dios, southeastern 2 14. Alston was impressed by the philosopher’s 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Peru, is representative of the pristine lecture, but Mario thought the lecture was 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 lowland moist forest once found better characterized as __________ than as 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (15) throughout most of upper Amazonian erudite. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 South America. Threats to tropical 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) translucent 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 forests occur in the form of fishing, 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) recondite 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 hunting, gold mining, timber extraction, 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) impeccable 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 impending road construction, and 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) specious 2 (20) 1 slash-and-burn agriculture. The Los 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) fictitious Amigos watershed, consisting of 1.6 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 million hectares (3.95 million acres), still 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 offers the increasingly scarce opportunity 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 to study rainforest as it was before the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (25) disruptive encroachment of modern 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 human civilization. Because of its 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 27 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 relatively pristine condition and the 2 Amigos area and the Madre de Dios 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 immediate need to justify it as a conser(70) watershed in general. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 vation zone, this area deserves intensive, With support from the Amazon 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2(30) long-term projects aimed at botanical 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Conservation Association, and in 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 training, ecotourism, biological invencollaboration with U.S. and Peruvian 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 tory, and information synthesis. colleagues, the Botany of the Los Amigos 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (75) On July 24, 2001, the government of project has been initiated. At Los 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Peru and the Amazon Conservation Amigos, we are attempting to develop a 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2(35) Association signed a contractual agree1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 system of preservation, sustainability, 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 ment creating the first long-term permaand scientific research; a marriage 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 nently renewable conservation concesbetween various disciplines, from human 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (80) sion. To our knowledge this is the first ecology to economic botany, product 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 such agreement to be implemented in the marketing to forest management. The 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 complexity of the ecosystem will best be 2(40) world. The conservation concession 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 protects 340,000 acres of old-growth understood through a multidisciplinary 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Amazonian forest in the Los Amigos approach, and improved understanding 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 (85) watershed, which is located in southeastof the complexity will lead to better 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 ern Peru. This watershed protects the management. The future of these forests 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2(45) eastern flank of Manu National Park and 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 will depend on sustainable management 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 is part of the lowland forest corridor that and development of alternative practices 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 links it to Bahuaja-Sonene National Park. and products that do not require 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (90) The Los Amigos conservation concession irreversible destruction. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 will serve as a mechanism for the The botanical project will provide a 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 (50) development of a regional center of foundation of information that is 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 excellence in natural forest management essential to other programs at Los 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 and biodiversity science. Amigos. By combining botanical studies 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (95) Several major projects are being with fisheries and mammology, we will 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 implemented at the Los Amigos Conserbetter understand plant/animal interac2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2(55) vation Area. Louise Emmons is initiating 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 tions. By providing names, the botanical 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 studies of mammal diversity and ecology program will facilitate accurate commu2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 in the Los Amigos area. Other projects nication about plants and the animals 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (100) that use them. Included in this scenario involve studies of the diversity of 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 arthropods, amphibians, reptiles, and are humans, as we will dedicate time to 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 (60) birds. Robin Foster has conducted people-plant interactions in order to 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 botanical studies at Los Amigos, resulting learn what plants are used by people in 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 in the labeling of hundreds of plant the Los Amigos area, and what plants 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (105) could potentially be used by people. species along two kilometers of trail in 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 upland and lowland forest. Michael To be informed, we must develop 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2(65) Goulding is leading a fisheries and 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 knowledge. To develop knowledge, we 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 aquatic ecology program, which aims to must collect, organize, and disseminate 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 document the diversity of fish, their information. In this sense, botanical 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (110) information has conservation value. ecologies, and their habitats in the Los 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Before we can use plant-based products 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 28 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 from the forest, we must know what 2 18. In line 40, “concession” could be re1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 species are useful and we must know placed, without changing the meaning, 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 their names. We must be able to identify with 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 (115) them, to know where they occur in the 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) grant. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 forest, how many of them exist, how they 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) acknowledgement. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 are pollinated and when they produce 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) food supply. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 fruit (or other useful products). Aside 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) apology. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 from understanding the species as they 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) compromise. 2 (120) occur locally at Los Amigos, we must 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 have information about their overall 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 19. The author implies in paragraph 3 that the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 distribution in tropical America in order agreement between Peru and the Amazon 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 to better understand and manage the Conservation Association is historic 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 distribution, variation, and viability of primarily because it 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 (125) their genetic diversity. This involves a 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) was the first time a South American 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 more complete understanding of the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 government had made an agreement 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 species through studies in the field and 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 of any kind with the Amazon 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 herbarium. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Conservation Association. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) was the first long-term agreement 2 16. In line 6, “genetic resources” refers to 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 regarding land in the Amazon 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) plant seeds. Rainforest. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) different races of people. (C) represented the first time a South 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) natural resources, such as oil. American government had agreed to 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 (D) diverse species of plants and animals. renew a conservation agreement. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 (E) cells that can be used in genetic cures 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) is essentially a permanent conserva2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 for diseases. tion agreement. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) represents the first time such an 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 agreement had been made in the 2 1 17. In paragraph 2, the author emphasizes 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 that the current environmental condition form of a renewable contract. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 of Amazonian South America is 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) mostly unscathed. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) largely unknown. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) restorable through his project. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 (D) irredeemable everywhere but in the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Los Amigos watershed. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) varying from destroyed to virtually 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 pristine. 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 29 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 20. The author’s main purpose in the passage 22. The work of Louise Emmons, Robin 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 is to Foster, and Michael Goulding (in the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 fourth paragraph) are employed in the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) demonstrate that conservation efforts 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 passage as 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 have been historically successful and 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 so should be continued. (A) colleagues of the author’s in his 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) garner support for opposition to botanical project. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 destructive activities in the Los (B) examples of the kinds of activities 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Amigos watershed. the author and his colleagues are 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) position the Los Amigos watershed trying to halt. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 agreement as a success towards the (C) examples of the influence of interna- 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 achievement of the vital goal of contional scientists in Peru. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 serving the Amazonian rainforests. (D) scientists who represent new trends 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) uphold the Peruvian government’s of study in Amazonian botany. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 progressive policies on management (E) scientists involved in projects related 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 of the Los Amigos watershed as an 2 and amenable to the author’s. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 example of government policy 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 23. The author’s botanical project involves all working toward conservation. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 of the following EXCEPT (E) argue that the study of pristine 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 rainforests is essential for document2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) studying plants in a laboratory. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 ing and studying the myriad new 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) studying how plants are used by 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 species that the forests contain. 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 humans and animals. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) facilitating pharmaceutical use of 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 21. The author’s tone in the passage can best plants. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 be described as 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) providing information on how to 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) advocacy for his project over other keep plant species flourishing. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 competing projects. (E) labeling plants in the Los Amigos 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) general praise for conservation area. 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 projects in Amazonian South 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 America. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) condemnation for the government of 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Peru for allowing destruction of the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 rainforest. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) passionate support for his and 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 related projects. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) zealous advocacy for his point of view. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 30 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 24. When the author says that the botanical 26. Which of the following issues does the 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 project will “provide names,” (line passage NOT address? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 97–100) he means that the project will 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) Positive contributions of scientific 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) help recognize new species. research for conservation efforts 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) aid in the standardization of names (B) Pollution of water sources in 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 for new species. Amazonian Peru 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) participate in naming the region’s (C) Economic importance of conserving 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 different zones. the Amazon rainforests 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) publish information for corporations (D) Specific efforts of the Peruvian 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 and researchers regarding the most government to maintain the integrity 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 appropriate names for specific of Peruvian rainforests 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 plants. (E) Examples of previous scientific 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) clarify the confusion surrounding the research in Los Amigos 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 names of different organizations 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 27. The author mentions areas outside the Los working in Amazonia. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Amigos watershed primarily in order to 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 25. When the author says that, “botanical 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) imply that his future research will 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 information has conservation value,” 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 focus on these areas. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (lines 109–110) he means that 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) draw a comparison between work in 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) a robust understanding of conservathose areas and work in the Los 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 tionism is aided by botanical Amigos area. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 information. (C) underscore the interrelatedness of the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 (B) conservationists should strive to ecosystems. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 preserve botanical information. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) emphasize that Los Amigos is the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) speciation is important for most pristine locale. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 conservation. (E) praise the Peruvian government for its 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) political discussions about other conservationist undertakings. 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 conservation should use botanical 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 nomenclature. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) new drugs will be developed in the re2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 gions protected by conservationism. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Do not proceed to the next section until time is up. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 STOP Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 31 Section 5 21 Questions j Time—25 Minutes 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Directions: Solve the following problems using any available space on the page for scratchwork. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Mark the letter of your choice on the answer sheet that best corresponds to the correct answer. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Notes: 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1. You may use a calculator. All of the numbers used are real numbers. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2. You may use the figures that accompany the problems to help you find the solution. Unless 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the instructions say that a figure is not drawn to scale, assume that it has been drawn 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 accurately. Each figure lies in a plane unless the instructions say otherwise. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2s r 2x 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 w r xs 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 c h h hb 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 w 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 s b 3x a A 5 pr2 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 2 2 2 2 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 C 5 2pr A 5 ,w A 5 bh V 5 ,wh V 5 pr h c 5 a 1 b Special Right Triangles 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 The number of degrees of arc in a circle is 360. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 The measure in degrees of a straight angle is 180. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 The sum of the measures in degrees of the angles of a triangle is 180. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 2 1. Consider two sets of numbers: Set A 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2. If four sweaters cost p dollars, and the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 includes all the positive integers and Set B sweaters go on a half-off sale, how much 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 includes all the negative integers. Which would 12 sweaters cost in dollars? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 set has more members? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 p 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) A 2 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) B 3p 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) They contain an equal number. 2 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) Neither. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 2p (E) It cannot be determined. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 4p 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 6p 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 Reference Information 45 60 30 45 32 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 5. If y 5 mx 1 b where m is a negative 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 constant and b is a positive constant, 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 3. 3 5 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 which of the following could be a possible 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 4 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 graph of y 5 mx 1 b? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 5 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 3 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 8 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 15 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 5 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 6 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 15 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 8 (B) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 6 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 5 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 4. If 3y 5 x and y 5 10, what is the value of 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 z 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 z when x 5 3? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) 3 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 5 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 7 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 10 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 33 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Small Medium Large 9. If f(x) 5 x2 is graphed on a standard 2 6. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (S) (M) (L) xy-axis and then the graph is rotated 90° 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 clockwise, which of the following graphs 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Hats (H) $8 $12 $12 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 would result? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Shirts (SH) $12 $12 $14 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Hat & Shirt Prices at Moe’s 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 If Moe’s has a 25% off sale on medium2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 sized items, how much would it cost, in 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 dollars, to order 2 H-M, 2 H-L, and 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1SH-M? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 (A) 51 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) 53 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 55 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 56 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 58 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 2 7. If 5=x 1 15 5 30, then x 5 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 9 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) 10 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 12 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 14 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 15 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 8. x2 2 x 2 12 5 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2x 1 2x 2 12 (D) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 x22 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 x24 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 3~x 2 2! 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) 2 1 x24 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 4~x 2 3! 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 x22 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 x24 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) (E) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2~x 2 2! 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 4~x 2 3! 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 3~x 2 2! 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 34 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 13. 2 10. For which of the following ordered pairs 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (x,y) is x 2 y . 2 and x 1 y . 4? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) (1,3) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) (2,3) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) (4,0) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 If the two triangles above are congruent (D) (3,2) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 then b 5 (E) (4,1) 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 30 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 11. If x and y are positive integers and x 5 1, 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) 40 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 y2 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 45 then x 1 y 5 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 60 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 3x (E) It cannot be determined. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) 5x 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) y 14. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 2y 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 3y 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 12. Quentin buys three hot dogs with a 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 ten-dollar bill and receives seven dollars 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 and thirty-four cents in change. If the sales 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 tax is seven cents per dollar (rounding to 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the nearest penny), which of the following 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 choices, in cents, is closest to the actual What is the area of the above figure? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 price of a hot dog? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 2=2 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 78 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) 4 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) 82 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 8 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 86 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 (D) 89 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 9 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 92 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 12 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 35 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 17. If l1i l2, then which of the following pairs 2Questions 15–16 refer to the following chart. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 of angles must be congruent? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 I. 6 and 12 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 II. 2 and 9 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 III. 4 and 10 2 15. Which year had the least percentage 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) I only difference in reported incidence of flu and 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 (B) II only 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 cold? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) III only 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 1960 (D) II and III only 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) 1970 (E) I and II only 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 1980 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 1990 18. If 2a2b is a positive integer, and a, b, 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 2000 and c are integers, then 2 1 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) a must be negative. 2 1 16. In percentage terms, in what decade was 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) b must be negative. the number of reported cold cases about 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) c must be negative. 25% greater than the number of reported 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) b must be an even positive integer. 2 1 flu cases? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) None of the above. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 1960 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) 1970 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 1980 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 1990 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 2000 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2c 36 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 21. There are 150 students in math courses at 2 19. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Dagmar High School. 73 are in geometry, 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 62 are in algebra, and 52 are in neither. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 How many students are in both geometry 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 and algebra? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 32 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) 33 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 35 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 36 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 If all the line segments in the above figure 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 37 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 are congruent, then 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) a . b 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) a , b 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 2a 5 b 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) a 5 b 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) It cannot be determined. 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 20. Two boys and two girls are assigned to sit 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 at a five-seat circular table, where the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 seats are numbered one through five. If 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 neither boy can sit by the open seat, seat 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 3, how many different seating arrange2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 ments are possible? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) 2 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 (B) 3 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) 4 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) 5 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) 6 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Do not proceed to the next section until time is up. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 STOP Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 37 Section 6 16 Questions j Time—20 Minutes 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Directions: Each passage below is followed by a set of questions. Read each passage, then 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 answer the accompanying questions, basing your answers on what is stated or implied in the 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 passage and any introductory material provided. Mark the letter of your choice on the answer 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 sheet that best corresponds to the correct answer. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2Line In 1953, Watson and Crick unlocked the 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2. The passage uses the phrase “wet and 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 structure of the DNA molecule and set 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 dirty” (line 5) to mean 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 into motion the modern study of genetics. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) haphazard guessing about the genetic 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 This advance allowed our study of life to 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 code. 2(5) go beyond the so-called wet and dirty 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) the work of Watson and Crick in 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 realm of biology, the complicated labora2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 discovering DNA. tory study of proteins, cells, organelles, 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) information-based biological ions, and lipids. The study of life could 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 now be performed with more abstract research. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2(10) methods of analysis. By discovering the 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) the study of the genetic code. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 basic structure of DNA, we had received (E) involved laboratory practices in 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 our first glance into the information-based 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 studying basic biological entities. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 realm locked inside the genetic code. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Although little-known today in the United 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1. Which of the following does the passage 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 States, Clark Saunders (1859–1941) cast a large 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 discuss as a change that the discovery of shadow in the first several decades of the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 DNA brought to the study of life? twentieth century, writing many widely read 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) The study of lipids and proteins books on Native American, Spanish, and Anglo 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 became irrelevant. folklore. He also wrote extensively on the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) New and more abstract methods of 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 different cultures of California, the Sierras, and 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 study were possible. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the Southwest. He was a major and influential 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) Biology could then focus on mol2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 contributor to Sunset Magazine in its early 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 ecules rather than cells. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 years. In his day, Saunders was important for 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) Modern genetics matured past its 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 introducing much of the American public to a Mendelian roots. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 person-sized understanding of the “Old West.” (E) Information-based study of genes 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 became obsolete. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 38 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 3. The passage presents Saunders as a(n) The following two passages deal with the 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 political movements working for the woman’s 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) influential contemporary western 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 vote in America. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 writer. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) important historian of the West. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Passage 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) a specialist of Native American 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Line The first organized assertion of woman’s studies. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 rights in the United States was made at the (D) widely read author in his own day. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Seneca Falls convention in 1848. The (E) the first editor of Sunset Magazine. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 convention, though, had little immediate 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 The history of rock and roll is inseparable from (5) impact because of the national issues that 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 the development of blues and gospel music in 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 would soon embroil the country. The 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 2 the southeastern United States. Though the 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 contentious debates involving slavery and 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 genre gained mass appeal through legendary 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 state’s rights that preceded the Civil War 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 figures such as Elvis Presley or the wildly 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 soon took center stage in national debates. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 popular Beatles, the musical roots of rock and 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (10) Thus woman’s rights issues would have to 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 roll extend far before such groups. In fact, 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 wait until the war and its antecedent 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 many of the groups who popularized rock and 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 problems had been addressed before they 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 roll were consciously attempting to emulate the 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 would be addressed. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 work of blues greats such as B. B. King or 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 In 1869, two organizations were 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Muddy Waters. The Rolling Stones are a good 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (15) formed that would play important roles in 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 example of this trend, which developed in the 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 securing the woman’s right to vote. The 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 late fifties and early sixties. The Rolling Stones, 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 first was the American Woman’s Suffrage 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 both then and now, have always explicitly 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Association (AWSA). Leaving federal and 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 constitutional issues aside, the AWSA 2 stated their admiration and imitation of blues 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 greats. (20) focused their attention on state-level 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 politics. They also restricted their ambi2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 tions to securing the woman’s vote and 2 4. B. B. King is used in this passage as an 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 downplayed discussion of women’s full 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 example of a 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 equality. Taking a different track, the 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) blues artist who was emulated by (25) National Woman’s Suffrage Association 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 early rock bands. (NWSA), led by Elizabeth Stanton and 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) musical artist influenced by Elvis Susan B. Anthony, believed that the only 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Presley. way to assure the long-term security of the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) musician who incorporated aspects woman’s vote was to ground it in the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 of rock and roll. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (30) constitution. The NWSA challenged the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) musician who often played with 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 exclusion of woman from the Fifteenth 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Muddy Waters. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Amendment, the amendment that 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) gospel singer who influenced the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 extended the vote to African-American 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Rolling Stones. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 men. Furthermore, the NWSA linked the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (35) fight for suffrage with other inequalities 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 faced by woman, such as marriage laws, 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 which greatly disadvantaged women. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 39 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 By the late 1880s the differences that 2 5. The word “antecedent” in line 11 can best 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 separated the two organizations had be replaced by 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2(40) receded in importance as the women’s 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) antebellum. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 movement had become a substantial and 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) referent. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 broad-based political force in the country. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) causal. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 In 1890, the two organizations joined 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) subsequent. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 forces under the title of the National 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) abolitionist. 2(45) American Woman’s Suffrage Association 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (NAWSA). The NAWSA would go on to 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 6. Which of the following does the first 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 play a vital role in the further fight to 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 passage say was the first organized push 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 achieve the woman’s vote. for woman’s suffrage? 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) formation of the National Woman’s 2Passage 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Suffrage Association 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 In 1920, when Tennessee became the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) formation of the American Woman’s 7 2(50) thirty-eighth state to approve the constitu1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Suffrage Association 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 tional amendment securing the woman’s 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) convening of the Seneca Falls 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 right to vote, woman’s suffrage became 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 convention 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 enshrined in the constitution. But wom2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) Tennessee passing the Twenty-Second 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 an’s suffrage did not happen in one fell 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Amendment 2(55) swoop. The success of the woman’s 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) “partial suffrages” of local woman’s 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 suffrage movement was the story of a 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 suffrage efforts 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 number of partial victories that led to the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 explicit endorsement of the woman’s right 7. What national event does the first passage 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 to vote in the constitution. cite as pushing woman’s voting rights to 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 (60) As early as the 1870s and 1880s, the background of the national conscious2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 women had begun to win the right to vote ness? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 in local affairs such as municipal elections, 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) Civil War school board elections, or prohibition 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) Suffrage movement measures. These “partial suffrages” 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2(65) demonstrated that women could in fact 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) Prohibition 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) Passage of the Fifteenth Amendment responsibly and reasonably participate in 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) World War I a representative democracy (at least as 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 voters). Once such successes were 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 8. According to the first passage, the 2 1 achieved and maintained over a period of 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 National Woman’s Suffrage Association 2(70) time, restricting the full voting rights of 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 focused their efforts on 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 woman became more and more suspect. If 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 women were helping decide who was on (A) local elections. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the local school board, why should they (B) constitutional issues. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 not also have a voice in deciding who was (C) prohibition efforts. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2(75) president of the country? Such questions 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) school board elections. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 became more difficult for non-suffragists (E) state elections. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 to answer, and thus the logic of restricting 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the woman’s vote began to crumble. 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 40 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 9. The differences between the AWSA and 12. When is the earliest success of the 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the NWSA were ultimately resolved when woman’s suffrage movement that the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 second passage points to? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) the Twenty-Second Amendment 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 passed. (A) 1848 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) the two organizations were com(B) 1869 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 bined to form the NAWSA. (C) 1870s 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) the Civil War ended. (D) 1880s 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) prohibition passed. (E) 1920 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) woman’s suffragists won significant 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 13. Which of the following is NOT an victories in the 1890 general election. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 example of a “partial suffrage” as 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 2 10. In Passage 1, the author’s attitude toward 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 described in the second passage? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the subject matter is 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) A mayoral election 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) intense scrutiny. (B) A school board measure 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) distanced suspicion. (C) Passage of the Fifteenth Amendment 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) mild censure. (D) A state prohibition referendum 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) appreciative description. (E) Impeaching a city council member 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) enthusiastic support. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 14. The author of the second passage argues 2 11. Passage 2 locates the ultimate victory of 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 that the “partial suffrages” were most 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the woman’s suffrage movement with effective in bringing full voting rights for 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 which of the following events? woman because 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 (A) Tennessee approving the woman’s (A) through them woman were able to 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 voting rights amendment elect prosuffrage representatives. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) Congress passing the Twenty-Second (B) they showed women voting ably. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Amendment (C) they demonstrated that woman could 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) The combination of AWSA and participate in a full democracy. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 NWSA into NAWSA (D) they demonstrated that woman could 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) Woman earning the full vote in handle the intricacies of foreign 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Wyoming policy. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) Women’s fruitful participation in (E) they established the power of the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 local elections woman voter. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 41 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 16. The author of the second passage would 2 15. Which of the following questions is NOT 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 addressed in either passage? most likely see the work of the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (A) When did the woman’s right to vote (A) AWSA as crucial for the ultimate 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 become a constitutional amendment? success of the suffrage movement. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (B) What effect did the Civil War have (B) NWSA as indispensable for “partial 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 on the woman’s suffrage movement? suffrages.” 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (C) What are the names of two leaders of (C) NWSA as unimportant for the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 the National Woman’s Suffrage passage of the woman’s voting rights 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Association? amendment. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (D) What are “partial suffrages?” (D) Seneca Falls convention as the most 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) Which constitutional amendment important single event in the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 gave women the vote? women’s suffrage movement. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 (E) the NAWSA as important for the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 unity of the woman’s suffrage 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 movement. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Do not proceed to the next section until time is up. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 STOP 42 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. Section 7 13 Questions j Time—20 Minutes 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Notes: 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1. All numbers used are real numbers. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2. All angle measurements can be assumed to be positive unless otherwise noted. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 3. All figures lie in the same plane unless otherwise noted. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 4. Drawings that accompany questions are intended to provide information useful in 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 answering the question. The figures are drawn closely to scale unless otherwise noted. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Directions for Student Produced Responses 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Enter your responses to questions 1–13 in the 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Answer: 1.4 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 special grids provided on your answer sheet. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Either position is correct. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Input your answers as indicated in the directions 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1.4 1.4 2 below. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 OO OO 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 OOÞO OÞOO 4 Decimal → 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Answer: or 4/9 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 OOO point OOO 9 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 OÞOO ÞOOO 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Write answer → 4 / 9 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 OOOO OOOO 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 OOOO OOOO 2 in boxes. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 OOOÞ O OÞO ÞO ← Fraction line 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 OOOO 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 OOO Note: You may begin your answer in any col2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 ⎧OOOO umn, space permitting. Leave blank any columns 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 OOOO 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 O ⎪ÞOOO not needed. 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 OOO 2 Grid in → 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 result. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 ⎨OOOO • Writing your answer in the boxes at the top 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 OOOO 2 1 of the columns will help you accurately grid ⎪OOOO 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 OOOO 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 your answer, but it is not required. You will 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 ⎩ O OÞO 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 only receive credit for an answer if the ovals 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 are filled in properly. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 • Only fill in one oval in each column. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 / / / / . . . . . . 0 1 2 3 4 0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 0 2 3 4 0 1 2 3 4 0 1 2 3 1 2 3 4 2 3 4 / . . . . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 5 6 7 8 9 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Decimal Accuracy 2 • If a problem has several correct answers, 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 just grid in one of them. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Decimal answers must be gridded as accu2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 • There are no negative answers. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 rately as possible. The answer 0.3333 . . . 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 must be gridded as .333. 2 • Never grid in mixed numbers. The answer 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 Less accurate values, such as .33 are not 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 3 must be gridded as 16/5 or 3.2. If 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 acceptable. 5 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 is gridded, it will be read 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 31/5 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 1 31 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Acceptable ways to grid 5 .3333 . . . OÞ as , not 3 . 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 3 OOOO 5 5 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 OOO 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 .333 1/3 OÞOO 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 OO OOOO ÞO 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 ÞOOO ÞOOO OOOO 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 OOOO 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 OOO OOO OOOÞ 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 OOOO ÞOOO 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 OOOO OOOO 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 OÞÞÞ O OÞO 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 OOOO OOOO 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 OOOO OOOO 2 1 OOOO OOOO 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1. [2(32)2 1 (4 2 3(4))2] 5 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 7. Given P(3, 2) and Q(3, 6), what is the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 y-coordinate of the midpoint of the line 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 2. Given that 22 2 3x . 13, what is a 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 segment defined by these two points? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 positive integer that is less than x? 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 8. 2 1 2 3. A phone company charges 40 cents for a 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 completed long-distance phone call and 6 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 cents per minute on top of the initial fee. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 How much, in dollars, would a 30-minute 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 long-distance phone call cost? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 4. What is the least common multiple of 18 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 and 24? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 5. If |x 2 3| . 2, then what is one integer 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 value that x cannot equal? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 What is the length of the hypotenuse? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 6. If the kth term in a series is generated by 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 9. What is the difference between the mean 10~k 1 1! 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 , what is the the equation n 5 and the median of the number set {7, 4, 3, 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 k21 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 eleventh term in the series? 6, 2, 2}? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 / . . . . 0 2 3 4 5 0 1 2 3 4 5 0 1 2 3 4 1 2 4 5 / / / . . . . . . . 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 1 2 4 5 6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 1 2 4 5 6 0 1 2 4 5 6 0 1 2 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 6 2 3 4 5 6 44 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 13. What is the one integer that is between 2 10. If line a and line b are perpendicular, line 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 b and line c are perpendicular, and the 999 and 1199 and satisfies these two 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 conditions: 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 slope of line a is , what is the slope of 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Its digits sum to seventeen. 5 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 line c? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Its tens and units digits are the same. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 2 11. If f(x) 5 x 1 3 and x 5 y 1 2, when 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 y 5 3, f(x) 5 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 2 12. If a square is inscribed in a circle and the 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 area of the square is eight, what is the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 longest distance that a straight line could 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 be that originated and terminated on the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 circumference of the circle? 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Do not proceed to the next section until time is up. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 STOP Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 45 Section 8 Time—25 Minutes 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Directions: Think carefully about the statement below and the assignment that follows it. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2Consider the following statement. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Some people think that war is justified under certain circumstances. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2Assignment: Write an essay in which you agree or disagree with the preceding statement. Develop your 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2point of view on this statement and be sure to support your stance with sufficient details. 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 46 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 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34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 47 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 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34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 When you are finished with your essay put your pencil down until the 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 time allotted is over. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 STOP 48 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. Answers and Explanations 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Section 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 1. C The passage begins, “Musical notes, like all sounds, are a result of the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 sound waves created by movement.” The author then goes on to talk 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 about musical notes and how they illustrate properties of sound waves. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Choice (C) captures this idea. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2. A Pitch is determined by the frequency of the sound wave. This eliminates 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 (B) and (E). Choice (C) seems to refer more to the intensity, so eliminate 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 it too. The final sentence says that pitch can be described either in 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 numbers or in letters, so eliminate (D). That leaves (A), the cor23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 rect answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 3. B The passage states that Langston Hughes “persuaded her to continue 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 her education in the North.” And the passage uses this fact to explain 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 her transfer to Northwestern. This is what (B), the correct an23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 swer, suggests. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 4. C The passage doesn’t specifically say that Walker was writing poetry 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 before she entered New Orleans University. Eliminate (A). Hughes 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 recognized her talent, but he didn’t create it, so eliminate (B). Hughes 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 recognized her talent before she transferred to Northwestern, so 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 eliminate (D). The passage, if anything, implies that Walker wrote 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 poetry for some time before publishing anything, so eliminate (E). The 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 passage makes reference to her parents’ occupations and encourage23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 ment, implying that they had an influence on her decision to become 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 a poet. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5. C The author is poking a bit of fun at the Ungers, so eliminate (A), (B), 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 and (E). His tone is more playful than downtrodden, so the answer 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 is (C). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 49 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 6. D The “Chicago beef-princess” suggests the wider high-class social world 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 in Chicago. When one thing stands in for another, it is a metaphor. The 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 answer is (D). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 7. A Even if you do not know the definition of fatuity you can still get this 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 question. John is going from Hades, which we can assume is hot, to 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Boston. He will probably not need the light suits and fans. The answer 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 is (A). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 8. B We know that John does not feel rejected, because he says he knows he 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 will always be welcome at home. Eliminate (A). On the other hand, he 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 does feel something negative, or he wouldn’t cry. Eliminate (C) and (E). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 The handshake and the fact that John’s tears are not mentioned until he 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 has turned away from his father suggest that he is composed. The best 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 answer is (B). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 9. C If you were leaving home (and you were crying), why would you stop 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 and look back? Most likely you would do so because you were sad to 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 leave and wanted to get one last look before you went. Which of the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 answer choices matches this sentiment? Choice (C) does. The medita23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 tion on what the sign says serves to emphasize the quaintness of the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 town, of which John will no longer be a part. The other answers rely on 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 your being distracted from the main emotions of the story. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 10. E Hades is hell in Greco-Roman mythology. Midas represents wealth. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Unger resonates with the hunger the family feels for the wealth and 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 prestige of the North. In other words, the names suggest that the story 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 uses the experiences of this one family to represent a larger situation. It 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 is an allegory, choice (E). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 11. C Infused is used to mean that his work was filled with the experiences he 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 had in Manchuria. Eliminate all but (B) and (C). Saturated has 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 something of a negative tone, and the author praises Abe’s work, so 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 eliminate (B). The answer is (C). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 12. E The metaphorical use of orbit and gravitational pull is used in 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 conjunction with the negative words “controlled” and “oppressive.” 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Abe’s work is not controlled by oppressive forces. Eliminate (B), (C), 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 and (D). Choices (A) and (E) are similar answers, but (E) better captures 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the author’s intent. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 13. D Abe forged a medical certificate, so we know he was not actually sick. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 You can eliminate (A) and (B). The passage makes no reference to Abe 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 helping the sick and injured, so eliminate (C). The sentence in the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 passage says that the forged medical certificate allowed him to avoid 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 50 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 fighting. Choice (D) corresponds with that meaning. Choice (E) can be 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 eliminated because you don’t know what his intentions were for after 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the war. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 14. E Even if you don’t know the defintion of apocalyptic, you probably 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 know that it is a negative word. Eliminate (D) (exhilarating is a positive 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 word). There is no reference to nuclear weapons in the passage, so 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 eliminate (A). There was famine, and Abe seems to have been strongly 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 affected by the loss of his father, but neither of these answers is specific 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 enough. Only (E) expressly answers the question. 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 15. A This question is a little bit more difficult than some vocabulary 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 questions because you have to look in a few different places. The third 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 paragraph, where the word appears, tells you that the avant-garde 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 group was political and that Abe worked in various genres. The fourth 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 paragraph refers to his earlier work, which was the work in the third 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 paragraph, as “experimental and heavily political.” Since one of these 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 words is an answer choice (A), it is the best answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 16. C This question basically asks you to distinguish between the author’s 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 opinion and the basic facts of Abe’s career. Choices (A), (B), and (E) all 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 contain evaluative opinions, so eliminate them. The author expresses 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 strong opinions about the themes furusato and the emperor, but never 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 presents any facts about their influence on Japanese literature in the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 world. The best answer is (C). The author presents it as a known fact 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 that young Japanese artists after World War II were interested in 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Marxism. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 17. B As always, go back to the passage to look for the context of the phrase. 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Shortly after the phrase appears, the author says that readers have 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 wrongly decided that Woman in the Dunes was Abe’s masterpiece. The 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 author also refers to the lack of translations of Abe’s earlier works. The 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 answer that best summarizes these two things is (B). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 18. D The author’s purpose in paragraph 4 is to suggest that too much 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 attention has been given to Abe’s later work, as you just determined in 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 question 17. So the answer cannot be (A). There is only a brief 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 comparison to Abe’s contemporaries, so (B) is too specific. (E) is not 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 factually correct, since most of the work the passage discusses was 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 produced in Japan. You are left with (C) and (D). (C) is too neutral; this 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 author is opinionated. She/he does not suggest that Abe’s later work is 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 bad, but rather that his early work also deserves attention. Choice (D) is 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the best answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 51 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 19. B The author is most interested in literary works. There is no reason to 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 suspect that the author is an artist or writer. The tone is critical and 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 scholarly. (B) is the best answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 20. D The author of this passage does express many strong opinions, but not 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 in regard to Marxism. You can therefore eliminate both (A) and (B). If 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 anything, she/he is more positive than negative about the influence of 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Marxism on Abe’s work. Eliminate (C) and (E), which imply a negative 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 bias. The answer is (D). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Section 2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 1. C With a calculator this problem is straightforward enough, but you do not 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 need a calculator to solve this problem. The wording is a bit tricky, but to 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 find the percentage of 75 that 12 represents, you would place 12 over 75. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 4 12 12/3 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5 5 . Percent means “of 100,” so if you This can be simplified 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 75 75/3 25 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 change the 25 in the denominator to 100, you’ll have your percentage in 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 434 16 4 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5 5 . This is answer (C). the numerator. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 25 25 3 4 100 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 You could also have set up an algebraic equation, and then cross23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 multiplied to find the answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 12 n 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 75 100 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 ~12!~100! 5 ~75!~n! 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 1200 5 75n 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 1200 75n 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 75 75 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 16 5 n 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2. D If a circle is inscribed in a square, then the circle is inside the square. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 You can find the length of the square’s sides using the area formula for 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 a square: 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 A 5 s2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 36 5 s2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 65s 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 It might help if you draw a circle inside a square to visualize the next 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 part. The side length of the square is the same as the diameter of the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 circle. Draw a diameter and you’ll see that it’s the same length as a side. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 52 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 This is a key relationship that the two figures share. Once you know the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 circle’s diameter is 6, its radius must be half that, 3. This radius can be 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 placed into the area formula for a circle: 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 A5 pr2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 A 5 p~3!2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 A 5 9p 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 Choice (D) is correct. 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 3. B First, you are looking for a line with a positive slope, which means that it 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 rises as you go from left to right. This eliminates choices (A), (D), and (E). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Second, a slope of 1 means that it rises as much as it runs (it goes up at the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 same rate that it goes over). A line with a slope of 1 will be halfway 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 between a line that is completely horizontal and a line that is completely 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 vertical. Choice (B) is that line, since the rise in choice (C) is too gradual. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 4. C To answer this question, you have to determine how the series is 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 generated. The numbers are increasing, so it is very unlikely that either 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 subtraction or division is involved. The numbers increase, and note 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 how fast the increase is. Addition can be ruled out since the increase 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 from one term to the next is too great; simple multiplication is also 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 unlikely. Look at the four terms closely, and you’ll notice that each 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 number is the square of an ascending integer. The series is one squared, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 then two squared, then three squared, and so forth. This series then is 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 generated by squaring the integers. Therefore, the eighth term is eight 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 squared, 64. Choice (C) is correct. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5. B The area of a parallelogram is the height times the base. You do not 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 know the height, but you can determine it by using the geometry of a 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 triangle. If you drop a perpendicular from the top left corner to the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 opposite side (which you will call the base), then you have a triangle 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 whose height is the height of the parallelogram. Measures of adjacent 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 angles of parallelograms sum to 180, and so the bottom left-hand angle 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 measures 60° (this is because the bottom right interior angle is 120°, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 and 180 2 120 5 60). Surprise! This gives you a 30-60-90 triangle, and 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 you can determine the height. Since the hypotenuse is 2=3, the height 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 is 3. The base is 6, and so the area is: 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 A 5 bh 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 A 5 ~6!~3! 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 A 5 18 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 That’s choice (B). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 53 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 6. A To find the reciprocal, switch the numerator and the denominator. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Once you’ve flipped the fractions over, look for a fraction where the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 numerator is greater than the denominator and where the difference 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 between the two is greatest. Choices (A) and (E) look like the best 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 19 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 candidates. The reciprocal of A is 4 5 4 , and the reciprocal of 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 22 2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 1 13 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 (E) is 4 5 4 . Choice (A) is the greatest. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 33 3 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 7. E Another sketch with more of the angles numbered is helpful here. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Angle 1 is 90° because its measure and the measure of the angle 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 adjacent to it must sum to 180. Couple this fact with the given 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 information a 5 60, and it means that the measure of angle 2 is 30° 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 since the measures of the angles in that triangle must sum to 180. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Angle 3 is also 30° since it is vertical with angle 2. If you can find angle 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 4, you could figure out angle x since you will have two of the three 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 angles on that small triangle. To find the measure of angle 4, look at the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 big triangle with angles 4, c, and the right angle. Since a right angle is 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 90° and c 5 50, the measure of angle 4 is 40° since the measures of the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 angles in the larger triangle must sum to 180. If the measure of angle 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 4 5 40, and the measure of the angle 3 5 30, then 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 180 5 m∠3 1 m∠4 1 m∠x 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 180 5 30 1 40 1 x 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 180 5 70 1 x 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 110 5 x 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Choice (E) is correct. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 If you had no idea how to answer this question, you might have noticed 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 that the figures were drawn to scale. Looking at x, it certainly looks 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 greater than 90°. Choice (A) is highly unlikely as an answer, and (E) 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 would be your best guess since it’s the only choice greater than 90°. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 S D S D 54 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 8. E A problem like this takes a careful step-by-step execution, but 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 fortunately nothing else is needed. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 1 22 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 @~22 1 22!21#22 5 @~4 1 4!21#22 5 8 5 1 5 64, choice (E). 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 64 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 9. C Here you need to take care to read the chart correctly. Each complete 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 box represents 150,000 widgets. Company B made one-and-a-half 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 more boxes. That last box is not a full box, as you can see by its size and 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 by the dashed lines on the right end. Choice (B) represents one box 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 worth of difference (150,000 widgets), while choice (D)represents two 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 complete boxes of widgets as the difference. Answer (C) is correct, since 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 it shows a difference in production of one-and-a-half boxes (150,000 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 widgets 1 75,000 widgets 5 225,000). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 10. A Since you are told that x is odd, you should suspect that the answer 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 would have something to do with being odd or even or neither. That 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 makes choices (A) or (B) the prime suspects. x cannot be even because 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 an even number raised to an even power must be even. Try giving x an 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 odd value, like 3. xx 5 33 5 27. This satisfies the facts given in the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 problem, since 27 is an odd number, so choice (A) is the answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 11. E Do not be unnerved by the newness of this concept. All that you need to 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 know about factorials is provided in the explanation. So be a good 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 test-taking robot: Take the numbers they give you and feed them into 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the formula. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 6! 6 3 5 3 4 3 3 3 2 3 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5 5 6 3 5 3 4 5 120, choice (E). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 3! 33231 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 If you don’t get flustered (and no self-respecting test-taking robot ever 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 does), the problem is quite straightforward. You just apply the concept 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 of factorial and then multiply to find the answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 12. B Here replace x with three, and then solve: 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 f(3) 5 (3!)2 5 (3 3 2 3 1)2 5 (6)2 5 36, answer (B). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 FG Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 55 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 13. A This one’s the toughest factorial problem, but a clue is provided by the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 answer choices. Most of the answers are in terms of y. Therefore, you 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 y! 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 are probably going to have to manipulate so that only y’s remain in 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 x! 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the expression. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 To do this, let’s replace the x’s with y’s. Since, and y and x are integers, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 x! 5 (y 1 2)!. Substituting this into the problem: 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 y! y! 1 y! 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5 5 5 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 x! ~y 1 2!! ~y 1 2!~y 1 1!y! ~y 1 2!~y 1 1! 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 This is choice (A). You could also solve the problem by picking values 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 for the two variables that are consistent with y 1 2 5 x, and then 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 plugging the values into the factorial fraction and also into the answer 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 choices. If only one answer choice matches the factorial fraction, then 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 you have the right answer. If two answers match, then pick another set 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 of values for the variables and repeat the process. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 14. A You will probably recall that the determinant of a matrix is found by 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 cross-multiplying. Since you know the end result is 26, all you need is 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the right set-up and the proper computation: 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 n4 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5 26 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5 27 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 ~27!~n! 2 ~4!~5! 5 26 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 27n 2 20 5 26 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 27n 2 20 1 20 5 26 1 20 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 27n 514 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 27n 14 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 27 27 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 n 5 22 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 15. E First note that the question asks which statements must be true. Some 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 statements could be true under the right conditions, but if they are not 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 always true, they are not going to be the right answer for this problem. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Now, from p 1 q 5 2q 1 6, you can determine: p 5 q 1 6 by 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 subtracting a q from both sides. If p is odd then q is odd, and if p is even 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 then q is even (since an odd plus an even is odd and an even plus an even 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 is even). But neither of them has to be even or odd. Thus I and II are not 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 SD 56 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 necessarily true. The same is true for III, since p and q could both be 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 odd, which would make their product odd. Choice (E) is the answer, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 since it’s the only choice left standing. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 One last point: this question should have been answered on the second 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 pass. Once you saw the Roman numerals, you should have realized that 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 it would take some time to answer, and that waiting until the second 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 pass would allow you more time to get to questions that might take 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 less time. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 16. B Look at the graph and you’ll see that there are three distinct regions in 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 which x is greater than zero: 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 (1) x to the left of negative three 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 (2) x between negative one and one 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 (3) x to the right of three 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Once your eyes give you that information, it’s up to your brain to 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 decipher the wilderness of greater than/less than signs and find the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 answer that describes these three regions correctly. Choice (B) does this. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 17. E Since the question asks which number must be in Box E, the conditions 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 must only allow for one number to be in Box E. There is only one prime 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 number, 11, and so it goes in Box B. 9, 12, and 15 are evenly divisible by 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 three, and so they go in A, C, and D. You don’t know what order, they 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 are in, but it doesn’t matter. That leaves 16 for Box E, which means 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 choice (E) is the answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 18. D Since B, D, E, and H are all midpoints on their respective lines, the 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 rectangle is divided into four equal rectangles. The diagonal CG divides 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the two smaller rectangles it traverses into halves. One-half of each of 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 these two rectangles is shaded, so a total of one of the smaller rectangles 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 is shaded. Since the smaller rectangles are equal in size and there are 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 four of them, one-fourth of the larger rectangle is shaded or 25%, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 choice (D). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 19. D 2p 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Since n is the same thing as n1, you are looking to raise n n so that the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 resulting exponent is 1. Remember that when you raise a number to an 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2p 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 exponent, you multiply the exponents. What multiplied with yields 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 n 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2n 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 . one? The answer is its reciprocal, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 p 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2n 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2p p 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 ~n n ! 5 nS2npDS2pnD 5 n1. So (D) is the answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 57 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 20. A A straightforward way to start this problem is simply to start with the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 first prime number. 2 and 3 cannot be n, but 5 could since 3, 5, and 7 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 could form a prime triplet. Continuing on with the prime numbers to 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 fifty, there is not another prime number whose closest primes are two 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 more and two less than itself. Thus the answer is (A). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 21. B If a geometry figure is described but not drawn, it’s always a good idea 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 to sketch the figure yourself. Draw a circle and then one tangent line. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Next draw a second tangent line that is perpendicular to the first. Now 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 draw a third tangent that also is perpendicular to the first. Your sketch 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 can only look like this: 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Your lines could be rotated around, but the interrelationships of the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 tangents must be the same. The only place to draw a fourth tangent line 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 that will be perpendicular to two other tangent lines is at the bottom of 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the circle. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Does this figure look familiar? It should, since it has the same 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 appearance as the first geometry problem in this section, question 2. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 You have drawn a circle inscribed in a square. The fact that it is a 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 square could clue you in to the fact that there are two sets of parallel 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 lines. You might also recall from your geometry class that two lines that 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 are perpendicular to the same line are parallel to each other. This means 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 that both sets of tangent lines across the circle are parallel. Either way, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the answer is (B). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Choice (D) is close, but the circle is inscribed in the square, not the other 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 way around. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 58 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 The fact that questions 2 and 21 employ the same figure shows you 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 how two questions can use the same figure but vary greatly in terms of 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 difficulty. A point to ponder is, “How did the test-takers make the last 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 question harder?” First and foremost, no figure was included. This 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 should spur you to draw any figure that is not given to you, and make a 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 hard problem a lot easier to visualize and answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Section 3 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 1. E You should always take a close look at underlined pronouns in 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 identifying sentence error questions. “Registered” in this sentence is an 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 adjective, and “who” is a pronoun that represents “voters.” Because it 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 is the subject of the verb, “who,” rather than “whom,” is correct. In 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 addition, there are no other errors in this sentence. So, the answer is (E). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2. C This sentence lacks parallel structure. “Debating” in the first part 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 should be matched by “setting” in the second part. The answer is 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 therefore (C). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 3. B There’s an error in diction here. “Affects” is a verb; “effects” is the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 noun form. “Side effects” is the desired phrase. Choice (B) is the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 4. B The error here is difficult to detect. The phrase over the last decade 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 indicates that the growth is still continuing. This is also indicated in the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 present tense form of employs (D). Thus the first verb should be has 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 grown instead of had grown. Choice (B) is the answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5. C Here is another case of missing parallel structure. This is a common 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 mistake in this section. Reading widely and making herself need to be 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 matched by another gerund in part C, such as conducting sophisticated 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 research. The answer is (C). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 6. E Using “one” might sound awkward to one, but it is not incorrect. Nor 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 are there any other errors. The answer is (E). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 7. D The tenses of the verbs in this sentence are not consistent; this is another 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 favorite error in this type of question. Has undergone should be 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 matched with has exploded. The answer is (D). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 8. D In comparing two things (films in this case), one should use the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 comparative case of an adjective and not the superlative. Best, choice 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 (D), is superlative and not comparative (better would be correct), and 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 so it is incorrect. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 59 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 9. C You agree with a noun, and that a phrase. (A) is idiomatically correct. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 There is no error in (B). You may use reasonable for with the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 construction here (subject 1 infinitive). No error there. To not 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 acquiesce is acceptable for spoken speech, but in written language it 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 should be not to acquiesce. There’s the rub. The answer is (C). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 10. C A country (Canada) requires the pronoun it, not they. The problem is 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 therefore in choice (C). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 11. E This sentence is unnecessarily wordy. Having published her first novel, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the author is a lot snappier and more direct. The answer is (E). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 12. D Here, despite is not used in a grammatically correct way. Despite the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 fact that is grammatically correct, but it is unnecessarily wordy and it is 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 not appropriately joined with a semicolon. How about just but? That’s 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the answer (D). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 13. C This sentence might have sounded okay to you, but it has a misplaced 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 modifier. These are very popular mistakes in the sentence correction 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 questions. The phrase after he had worked on his serve for a few days 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 modifies the noun player, so player must be right next to it. Only (B) 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 and (C) accomplish this. Choice (B), however, changes the sense of the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 original sentence. The answer is (C). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 14. C In sentence construction parallel parts of a sentence should have 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 parallel forms. In this sentence the verbs portray and reveal are parallel, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 but in the original sentence construction they are not in parallel form. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Choice (C) corrects this mistake. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 15. B This is another favorite of the test writers: Any time you have “not 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 only” you need to signal the contrasting phrase with “but also.” The 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 answer here is therefore (B). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 16. A There is no error here. The answer is (A). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 17. A There is not a grammatical error in the underlined portion, and none of 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the alternatives improve upon the original. Because you do not repeat 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the subject, there is no comma needed before the underlined portion. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Were you to choose answer (C), you would need to add a comma. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Choice (A) is the answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 18. D Here the error is logical rather than grammatical per se. The first part of 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the sentence emphasizes sympathy, but the second part focuses on 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 negative human qualities. You need a contrasting coordinator. That 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 leaves (D) and (E). (D) is the better choice. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 60 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 19. E It was not because Pancho Villa’s raid was part of the tumult of the 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Mexican revolution that it prompted a retaliatory expedition. There23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 fore is misused. Simply delete it and you have a correct sentence. The 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 answer is (E). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 20. A There is nothing grammatically wrong with the underlined portion, and 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 none of the other choices improve on the wording of the sentence. (A) is 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the best choice. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 21. E Right away, you should notice two sentences in passive voice and think 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 about making them active. Only (D) and (E) do that. (D) includes an 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 imprecise 2ing verb. The test writers love to throw these around. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Sometimes they are the right answer, but you should always scrutinize 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 them. Here (E) is a much sharper sentence. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 22. A Doesn’t sentence 2 seem too specific? It is really an explanation for why 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the men couldn’t use their limbs. It should therefore follow sentence 4. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 The answer is (A). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 23. D What is the logical connection between the two sentences? The first 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 deals with the highest trip. The second deals with the largest balloon. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Now has nothing to do with that. Neither does in the nineteenth 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 century. You don’t want to begin with either of these. Moreover 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 represents paragraph 2 as an extension of the ideas in paragraph 1, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 which is also inaccurate. The easiest thing to do is simply get rid of 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 now, (D). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 24. C Sentence combination is huge in this section. This example is trickier 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 than most. It already has an and in the first sentence, so if you use and 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 again your sentence will start to sound like a run-on. Here, too, the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2ing verb is imprecise. Which should really go very close to the noun it 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 modifies, so eliminate (A). But implies a contrast, when all of these 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 ideas are similar, so you can eliminate (E). Go with the semicolon (C). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 25. D All of whom returned safely is not a complete sentence. It modifies 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 “passengers” in the preceding sentence. Only (D) addresses that major 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 problem! 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 26. E What’s missing in this sentence is where. As it stands now, it implies 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 that literacy program is the direct object of working. Choices (D) and 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 (E) correct the error, but (D) makes undesirable changes to the verb 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 tenses. (E) is the best answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 61 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 27. B That had automobiles should not be separated by commas because it is 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 an integral part of the category being described, not an added 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 description. But it isn’t correct in written English to write people that. It 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 has to be people who (or people whom if what follows positions the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 people as the object of a verb). The answer is (B). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 28. D The sentence as it stands is a bit of a disaster. It sounds like a run-on: it 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 just goes on and on like the Energizer Bunny. So what you will want to 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 do is make it more direct, showcasing the important parts and 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 subordinating the descriptions that are really secondary. You also need 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 a comma after It is hard to believe. Start with the easiest thing, and 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 eliminate (A) and (C) off the bat. Which of (B), (D), and (E) makes the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 sentence more direct? Definitely not (E). Choice (B) gets rid of the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 second comma/and combination, which could be good. But is a colon 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 really in order here? No. The best answer is (D). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 29. A This is a little tricky because the repetition here does serve a purpose; it 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 isn’t just extra wordage that got in the author’s way. Basically, the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 sentences are a list. When you have clauses that form a list (or other 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 things requiring lots of words and/or punctuation), you separate them 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 with semicolons rather than commas. (A) looks good. All of the other 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 answers, except (D), change the sense of the original ever so slightly. (D) 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 could be possible if it had and before the last clause, but (A) is still 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 better. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 30. B While it would be possible to add a comma after convenience, it doesn’t 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 make much sense to add one after necessity. Changing you live to one 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 lives is possible, but not required. So is adding Desert. The comma after 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 apparently isn’t strictly required, but it is desirable. The only absolutely 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 necessary change is to replace “there” with “they are” (choice B). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 “There are” might have been more difficult to rule against (though still 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 incorrect), but the sentence doesn’t even say there are; it just says there. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 62 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Section 4 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1. A What is the name of the kind of talk that is delivered at a funeral? 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Eulogy. If you know this, the answer pops out at you. If you did not 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 know it, consider each of the choices in their turn. Epigraph is a quote 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 at the beginning of a piece of writing. Eponymy is something with the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 same name as something else. Epitaph is what is written on a 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 gravestone. That leaves (A) and (B). Elegy is a poem written in memory. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 You don’t “give” a poem. That leaves (A), the correct answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2. C On this dual-blank sentence, let’s do the first blank first since we know 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 that the blank was an encouragement to the rest of the team. Good 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 spirits would be an encouragement to the rest of the team. You can 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 eliminate (D) and (E). As for the second blank, what does a string of 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 defeats do to a team? It discourages them. (A), elated, does not match 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 this. Nor does (B), inundated. But (C), dispirited, fits well and you’ve 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 already eliminated (D) and (E). Choice (C) is the best answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 3. B You might not know what resorted means, but if you know it’s a 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 negative word, you can make an educated guess. Which of the answer 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 choices is also a negative verb? (A), (C), and (D) are not. (E) is not a 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 good answer because swindling has nothing to do with campaigning. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Choice (B) is the best choice. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 4. E The second half of the sentence gives more clues, so you ought to start 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 there. What are cats most likely to do to dogs? Avoid them, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 probably—which will lead you to (E), the correct answer. But for good 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 measure, let’s eliminate the other possibilities. For a cat to undermine a 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 dog isn’t logical. Being undermined is something that happens to 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 humans or projects, so you can definitely eliminate (D). One could say 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 that a cat enticed a dog to do something, but it isn’t good usage simply 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 to say that the cat enticed the dog. Eliminate (A). Is it likely for a cat to 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 gracefully apprehend a dog? No. Eliminate (C). The only possibilities 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 left are (B) and (E). A cat might possibly defeat a dog in battle, but use 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the other clues. Defeat and “gracefully” don’t go well together, and it 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 doesn’t make sense for a battle to happen while the cat is creeping 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 across the lawn. Eliminate (B). The answer is (E). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5. A Attack the second blank first. The most likely adjective to describe 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 attention will be something like undivided or rapt. (A), which includes 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 rapt, is the answer. (B), which includes spellbound, is also possible. But 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 pointed anecdotes doesn’t make sense, so the answer is (A). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 63 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 6. E You know the word is going to be negative: both bogged and 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 contentious tell you so. Eliminate (B). Now think that the word is 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 basically going to mean mess. You can eliminate (A) and (C). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Conundrum is a confusing problem, not really a messy situation. (E) is 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the best answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 7. B Here the first blank seems more approachable. The reference to a clear 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 leader indicates that the outcome was known. Eliminate (A) and (E). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 For the second blank, the clue is that the leader misstepped and so rest 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 of the competitors must have gotten a chance at the title, but they 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 weren’t assured a victory. Eliminate (D) and (C). The answer is (B). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 8. D Consider the first blank. The word though indicates that the drug was 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 intended to be beneficial but ultimately was not. Do any of the answer 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 choices mean not beneficial? (A), (D), and (E) do. How would the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 medical community respond to a bad result? Ostensibly they would 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 think that a bad result was bad. That eliminates (A) and (E). This 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 leaves (D). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 9. B A life that only lasts 24 hours is what in comparison to a normal human 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 life? It is short. Which of the answer choices contains the notion of 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 shortness in its meaning? (B), ephemeral, does. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 10. E What is a species likely to do in an environment? It either grows in 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 number or diminishes in number. Each of the first words, except in (B), 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 could mean one of those things. Eliminate (B). When you discover that 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 there is an abundance of food, you know that the first word will suggest 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 that the kangaroos increased in numbers. Eliminate (A) and (D). Now 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 you need the second part of the sentence. To grow in numbers, the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 kangaroos will need an absence or near absence of predators. Eliminate 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 (C). You are left with (E). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 11. C The best clue in this sentence is “fears.” Citizens with fears can only be 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 concerned or alarmed. That leaves (B) and (C). It’s not particularly 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 logical to say that a speech is designed to ignore something. On the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 other hand, it is common to use assuage with fears. The best answer 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 is C. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 12. A Let’s attack the first blank. If the female is a fencing champion then she 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 must be skillful with her rapier (her sword). Which of the first answer 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 choices matches skillful? Choices (A), (B), and (E) do. (C) is possible but 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 not likely. As for the second blank, the conjunction but indicates that 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 her skillfulness in fencing is in contrast to her lack of skill in other 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 sports. Which of the remaining second answer choices matches with 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 this pre-guess? Only awkward, choice (A), does. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 64 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 13. B There is a contrast drawn in the sentence between receiving accolades— 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 praise, awards—and Jane Goodall’s initial standing in her field. She 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 must have met with a lack of support or outright disapproval. Eliminate 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 (E) because it is illogical. Eliminate (C) because it goes with, rather than 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 against, accolades. An acolyte is someone who assists a clergyman, so 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 you can eliminate (A). You are left with (B) and (D). A charlatan is a 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 fake, an incompetent. If the sentence said, “Some people thought she 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 was a ——,” charlatan might work, but it says she actually was “a —-.” 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 She couldn’t have been a fake and later gotten awards. Eliminate (D). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 You are left with (B), a maverick, an independent thinker, a dissenter, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 a pioneer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 14. D This sentence is contrasting the views of Alston and Mario (the conjunc- 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 tion but clues you into this fact). Alston thinks that the lecture was 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 impressive, which probably means smart, accurate, logical. Mario’s view 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 is in contrast to this. You can eliminate (A) and (C). Recondite is not 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 likely to be a word to describe a lecture, so eliminate (B). You are left 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 with specious or fictitious. Specious means logically false; fictitious comes 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 from fiction, and presumably the philosopher didn’t tell a story but 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 rather made an argument. Choice (D) is the best answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 15. A If you know that insinuation is a negative word, you can guess that the 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 first blank will describe a logical response to a negative thing. Balk is a 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 common word in this situation, but if you don’t know that use the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 process of elimination. You can eliminate (B) and probably (D) because 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 they are not negative words. Move to the next blank. If the official’s 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 response is negative, it’s most logical that he is accused of having 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 something to do with the economic woes. Eliminate (C). That leaves (A) 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 and (E) as the most likely answers. But you don’t “rile” at something; 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 it’s not good usage. Eliminate (E) and you are left with (A). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 16. D The author is speaking generally in this first paragraph. Global 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 warming and species extinction are two big, general problems; he refers 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 to them in a positive light at “maintaining global climate and genetic 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 resources.” “Genetic resources” refers diverse species of plants and 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 animals, choice (D). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 17. E The author mentions that Los Amigos is relatively pristine, and that the 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 rainforest is facing threats. Eliminate (A) and (B). He isn’t talking in the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 passage about restoring the rainforest, but preventing future damage. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Eliminate (C). He does not say that every other part of the rainforest is 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 already destroyed beyond repair. Your logic should tell you that. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Eliminate (D) and you are left with (E), the correct answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 65 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 18. A First go back and get the context of the use of this phrase. It refers to 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 land being set aside for conservation use. The only possibility is (A). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 19. D This is a difficult question because it requires you to infer the answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 The best way to do that is to eliminate the least likely answers and then 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 see what’s left. The passage tells you that the agreement was “the first 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 long-term permanently renewable conservation concession.” There are 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 two references to time in this sentence, so the answer must have to do 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 with time—that leaves (B), (D), and (E). The author isn’t really 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 interested in the legal aspects, though, so eliminate (E). Because he 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 includes both “long-term” and “renewable,” the agreement probably 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 wasn’t the first contract that was simply one or the other. Eliminate (B). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 That leaves you with (D), the correct answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 20. C This is a question that you should be asking yourself as you read through 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the passage. The passage begins by discussing the importance of conser23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 vation efforts in Amazonia and then links the work at the Los Amigos 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 watershed with this goal. The correct answer will contain both of these 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 things. (A) is too general. (B) isn’t accurate—he doesn’t focus on elimi23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 nating bad things but on continuing good things. (C) sounds good. (D) 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 is incorrect because the passage is not primarily about the Peruvian gov23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 ernment. (E) points to one issue that the passage discusses but lacks 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 many of the other issues the passage discusses. (C) is the best answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 21. D This question calls for a little nuance. He does advocate for his project, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 but does not position it against other projects. Eliminate (A). (B) is too 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 general. (C) is not accurate—he does not condemn the government. (D) 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 sounds good. (E) uses language that is too strong—he is not a zealot, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 but a scientist making his case in calm, rational language. (D) is correct. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 22. E The author positions his project as complementary to other projects. These 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 scientists are examples of the other amenable projects. The answer is (E). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23. E This is a tricky answer because the right choice is the one you’d least 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 expect. The author focuses on working with plants in the watershed, but 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 in the last word of the passage mentions an “herbarium,” which through 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 context clues and word study, you can guess means a laboratory where 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 plants are grown. Eliminate (A). The author mentions studying “human23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 plant” interactions in paragraph 6. Eliminate (B). Somewhat surprisingly, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the author is in favor of pharmaceutical use of Amazon plants, as he 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 indicates in paragraphs 1 and 5 and implies in paragraph 6. Eliminate (C). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 (D) is obviously not the answer. You might think that because he focuses 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 on naming, he means labeling, but in fact it is a scientist on another project, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Robin Foster, who actually labeled plants. (E) is the answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 66 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 24. B As always, first go back and read the section cited in the question. The 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 sentence in which “providing names” occurs, mentions communication 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 about plants and the animals that use them. You will recall that earlier 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 in the passage, it was stated that one of the major projects in studying 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Amazonia was discovering new species. One hurdle for communication 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 among scientists once a species is discovered is standardizing the name 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 of the species. This is how “providing names” will facilitate communi23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 cation. Choice (B) correctly points this out. (If you had difficulty with 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 this question, notice that all the other choices mention issues not 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 directly addressed in the passage. That is a strong indicator that an 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 answer is incorrect.) 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 25. A The author’s full argument goes, “To be informed, we must develop 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 knowledge. To develop knowledge, we must collect, organize, and 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 disseminate information. In this sense, botanical information has 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 conservation value.” The author is arguing that being informed is 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 essential for conservationism, and so in this sense botanical informa23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 tion has conservation value. So even though (B), (C), (D), and (E) are all 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 things the author might agree with, only (A) captures the meaning of 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the argument made here. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 26. B You might confuse repeated use of the word watershed with an actual 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 discussion of water pollution, but the author doesn’t mention water 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 pollution explicitly. The answer is (B). If you don’t get this right away, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 you can arrive at it by eliminating the others. He does clearly mention 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 all of the other choices. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 27. C The author is talking about how his work at Los Amigos relates to 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 other conservation projects, and how the Los Amigos area is related to 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 other environmentally protected areas. Only (C) captures that meaning. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Section 5 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 1. C For every positive integer, there is a negative integer the same distance 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 from zero. This means that there are an equal number of positive and 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 negative integers. Therefore each set contains the same number of 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 members, which is choice (C). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2. B Four sweaters cost p dollars, and so 12 sweaters at the regular price 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 would cost 3p (4 3 3 5 12). Since the sweaters are half-off, the 12 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 3p 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 sweaters only cost half as much, , choice (B). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 67 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 3. C This fraction looks complicated, but realize that the numerator and de23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 nominator are both fractions. You might then see that the numerator 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2 4 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 is less than the denominator , and so this fraction is less than 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 3 5 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 one. That eliminates (D) and (E) as possible answer choices. You have to 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 simplify the fraction to find the answer, and since you’re dividing frac23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 tions, remember to multiply by the reciprocal of the divisor: 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 3 2 4 2 5 10 5 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 54535 5 . (C) is the answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 4 3 5 3 4 12 6 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 4. E Here you just need to plug in and be careful. If x 5 3 then y 5 1 because 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 3y 5 x 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 3y 5 3 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 3y 3 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 3 3 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 y51 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 If y 5 1, then 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 10 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 y5 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 z 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 10 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 15 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 z 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 10 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 ~z!1 5 z ~z! 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 z 5 10 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 This is choice (E). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5. C y 5 mx 1 b is the equation for a line, so the wiggly lines of choices (D) 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 and (E) cannot be correct. A negative m means the slope is negative, so 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the line must slant down when viewed from left to right. That 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 eliminates (A). The y-intercept b is positive, so the line must cross the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 y-axis above the x-axis. This is true of (C), so it’s the answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 6. A This problem requires a little careful decoding, but all the steps are 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 straightforward. The first part of the order is 2 H-M, which are two 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 medium hats. Usually the hats are $12 each, so two would cost $24, but 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 since all medium-sized items are 25% off, the price is reduced. Twenty23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 five percent of 24 is 6, so together the two medium hats cost $18 ($24 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 minus $6). The next part is 2 H-L, which is two large hats, and together 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 SD SD SD 68 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 they cost $24. The last part of the order is 1 SH-M, one medium shirt, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 which costs $9 since it is 25% off ($3 is 25% of $12, the normal cost of 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the medium shirt). Adding up 18 1 24 1 9 5 51, answer (A). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 7. A The task here is to solve for x. The test makers are betting that the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 square root symbol will throw you off a bit. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5=x 1 15 5 30 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5=x 1 15 2 15 5 30 2 15 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5=x 5 15 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5=x 15 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5 5 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 =x 5 3 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 x59 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Answer (A). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 8. D Here there is no shortcut. We have to factor and then simplify. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 x2 2 x 2 12 ~x 2 4!~x 1 3! 5 ~x -4!~x 1 3! 5 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2 2x 1 2x 2 12 2~x2 1 x 2 6! 2~x 1 3!~x 2 2! 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 x24 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 . (D) is the answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2~x 2 2! 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 9. C The first thing to do is to have it clearly in mind what the graph of 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 f(x) 5 x2 looks like. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 69 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 This shape comes about as a result of the x2 term. When f(x) 5 x2, the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 fact that all x values are squared makes every y value positive (keep in 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 mind that f(x) acts as the y value). This graph has no negative y values, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 but to find the right answer, it must now be rotated clockwise. This 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 means rotating to the right. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Here’s a good way to visualize this. Hold up your left hand, and make a 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 bowl-shape with your fingers on one side and your thumb on the other. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 The tips of your fingers and thumbs should all be point towards the ceil23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 ing. This is your graph before rotation. Now take your left hand and shift 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 it 90° to the right; in essence, snap your wrist down. The tips of your 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 fingers and thumb should now be pointing to the right. Find the answer 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 choice that looks like the position of your left hand. (C) is the answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 10. E The correct ordered pair has to satisfy two conditions, x 2 y . 2 and 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 x 1 y . 4. Let’s start with the first condition and take it from there. In 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 order for x 2 y . 2, x must be greater than y by more than two. This 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 eliminates choices (A), (B), and (D). Now you have only two choices left 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 to check the second condition, x 1 y . 4. If you add the x and y values 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 of choice (C) together you get 4, but the value must be greater than 4. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Choice (E) has to be the correct answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 11. A The best way to approach a problem like this is to use one of the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 equations and solve for one of the variables in terms of the other. Then 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 you can place that answer into the second equation. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 This problem succumbs quite nicely to this strategy. Take the first 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 equation and solve for y in terms of x. Cross-multiplication makes 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 this simple. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 x1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 y2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2x 5 y 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 You can now substitute this information into x 1 y. Subbing in for y: 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 x 1 y 5 x 1 2x 5 3x, which is (A). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 12. B There are two main ways to approach this problem. You can come up 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 with a snazzy algebraic formula, or you can go to the answer choices 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 and start cranking in numbers. Let’s use the crank method. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Whichever method you use, you must first determine how much 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Quentin paid for the three hot dogs. This is done by subtracting $7.34 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 from $10, giving you $2.66. This is the price, including tax, of three 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 hot dogs. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 70 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 With the crank method, starting with the middle answer choice (C) 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 often yields a clue, even if it’s incorrect. Choice (C) has a hot dog at 86 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 cents. Add 6 or 7 cents sales tax to this, and then multiply by three. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 You get: 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 3(86 1 7) 5 3(93)5279 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 You can add the entire amount of sales tax per dollar, 7 cents, or you 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 can take into account the fact that 86 cents is not quite an entire 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 dollar, so Quentin might not owe the entire 7 cents sales tax. This 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 might seem vague, but the question does allow for some wiggle room 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 since it asks “which is closest to the price . . .” Whether you use 6 or 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 7 cents sales tax, the same answer works best both ways. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 You know that Quentin spent $2.66, or 266 cents. Answer choice (C) 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 comes out at 279 cents, which is 13 cents too many. This means that (C) 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 is incorrect because it’s too great. If (C) is too great, then (D) and (E) are 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 even greater, so they must also be incorrect. This leaves (A) and (B). Try 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 (B). If it also too great, then the answer must be (A). Here’s (B). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 3(82 1 7) 5 3(89) 5 267 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 This is only one penny off. If you use a 6-cent sales tax, it is only 2 cents 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 off. (B) is closest to the price of the hot dog, so it’s the correct answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 Tip Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 71 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 13. D Since the triangles are congruent, you know that the bottom right angle 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 on the left triangle is a right angle. You also know that the side opposite 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 x=3 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 of b is , and from this you can deduce that the side adjacent to b 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 x 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 is by using the Pythagorean theorem. Here’s what the computation 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 would look like: 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 a2 1 b2 5 c2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 =3x 2 1 b2 5 x2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 32 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 x 1 b2 5 x2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 4 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 32 32 3 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 x 2 x 1 b2 5 x2 2 x2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 4 4 4 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 x2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 b2 5 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 4 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 x 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 b5 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 The sides of this right triangle, then, are in the proportions of a 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 30-60-90 triangle. And since angle b is opposite the second largest side, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 its measure is 60°, choice (D). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 14. C You can infer that the figure is a square since all the sides must be 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 congruent because they are all formed by points equidistant from zero. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 To find the area of the square, you only need the length of one side. You 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 can get this two ways: you can use the distance formula for two points 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 or you can take a shortcut and realize that the square is cut into four 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 45-45-90 triangles by the y- and x-axes. The length of each non23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 hypotenuse side of these triangles is 2, so the hypotenuse must be 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2=2. This hypotenuse is also the length of the square’s side, so place 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 this value into the area of a square formula: 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 A 5 s2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 A 5 ~2=2! 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 A543258 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 Choice (C) is the answer. 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 SD 72 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 15. E The smallest percentage difference is going to be the year where the flu 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 column and the cold column are closest. (The converse is not true for 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the greatest percentage difference.) Eyeing the chart is the fastest way to 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 determine the answer. The values in the columns for 2000 look and are 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the closest, and so the percentage difference is the least. (E) is 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 16. D Cold cases (white bar) have to be greater than flu cases (shaded bar), so 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 there are only two decades that could be the correct answer, 1970 and 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1990, choices (B) and (D). In 1970, the number of cold cases is about 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 twice as many as the flu (2,000 to 1,000), so the percentage difference 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 would be 100%. This makes 1990, choice (D), the answer by default, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 but you can see that the percentage difference works out to about 25% 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 since there were roughly 4,000 cold cases and 3,000 flu cases. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 17. A You may want to save Roman numeral questions for the second pass! A 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 judicious use of POE will help you out on this one, though. Looking at 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 I, angles 6 and 12 are both formed by the same intersecting line, and 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 they are congruent. Since I must be true, you can take this information 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 and cross out any answer choices that do not have I in them. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Surprisingly, this gets rid (B), (C), and (D). The answer is either (A) (I 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 only) or (E) (I and II only). Since these are the only choices, you do not 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 even have to worry about III. Check II, and if it must be true, then the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 answer is (E). If it isn’t true, the answer must be (A). As it turns out, 2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 and 9 are not congruent, so the answer is choice (A). 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 18. A This problem looks rather complicated, but the negative in front of the 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 a simplifies it. If 2a2b is positive, then a must be negative and raised 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 to an odd power. To get your head around this, consider that if a were 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 positive, the entire expression could not be positive. So (A) must 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 be true. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 19. D The first thing to recognize here is that the figure is composed of three 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 triangles, and since all the line segments are congruent, all the triangles 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 are equilateral and congruent to each other. Equilateral triangles are all 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 60-60-60 triangles, and so both a and b are 60. Choice (D) is true. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 20. C Since the boys cannot sit by seat 3, both girls always have to be sitting in 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 seat 2 and 4. The boys have to be in seats 1 and 5. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 If the first girl is in seat 2, then the second is in seat 4. If the first boy is 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 in seat 1 the second boy is in seat 5. That is one arrangement. The boys 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 could switch seats, and that is a second arrangement. The girls could 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 also switch seats, and this would yield another two possible arrange23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 ments. That gives four total, (C). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 2c Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 73 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 21. E There is a little formula that can be used, and you can draw up a Venn 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 diagram if you like, but if you keep your head you can reason your way 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 through this problem. If 52 students are in neither class, then 98 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 students are in algebra or geometry. The question states that “73 are in 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 geometry and 62 are in algebra,” so that would be a total of 73 1 62 5 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 135 students. Since this number is greater than the number (98) of 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 students you found earlier, the difference between 135 and 98 must be 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the number of students enrolled in both algebra and geometry. This 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 difference is 37 (135 2 98 5 37), choice (E). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Section 6 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 1. B In reference to the discovery of DNA, the passage states, the study of 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 life could now be performed with more abstract methods of analysis. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 (B) makes the same point, using the same key word, while all the other 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 choices either go beyond what the passage actually states (e.g. (A), the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 passage does not say that the study of lipids and proteins became 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 irrelevant; (C) basically says the same thing) or bring in topics not 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 mentioned in the passage (e.g. (D), Mendelian genetics is not mentioned 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 in the passage). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2. E The passage contrasts “wet and dirty“ study of lipids and proteins with 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the information-based study of DNA. In this sense “wet and dirty“ 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 involves intensive laboratory work with things like lipids and proteins. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 It is not haphazard guessing (A). Choice (E) states this correctly, also 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 drawing on language in the passage (information-based). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 3. D The passage says that Saunders was a writer on Western topics who was 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 widely read in the past. (D) fits with this. (A) does not. The passage does 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 not say anything like (B), (C), or (E). Thus (D) is the best choice. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 4. A The passage reads, many of the groups who popularized rock and roll 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 consciously were attempting to emulate the work of blues greats such as 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 B. B. King. Choice (A) is an accurate paraphrase of the information 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 given in the passage. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5. C Antecedent means coming before. Even if you don’t know the word, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 you can use word analysis to figure out that it has something to do with 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 before. Don’t confuse ante- with anti- (against). You can eliminate (D) 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 and (E). Referent is a synonym for antecedent only in grammatical 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 usage. Eliminate (B). You are left with antebellum, meaning before the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 war, or causal, meaning causing. Causal is more specific and more 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 logical. (C) is the answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 74 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 6. C The passage begins by describing the Seneca Falls convention as the first 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 organized attempt for woman’s voting rights (read the first sentences of 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the passage to see this). AWSA and NWSA came after Seneca Falls. (D) 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 and (E) refer to information provided in Passage 2. Choice (C) is 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 7. A The passage states that the Seneca Falls conference did not have an 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 immediate effect because the nation became embroiled in issues related 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 to the coming Civil War. Knowledge of the dates of the Civil War will 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 help you avoid confusing it with World War I. It was the Civil War, (A), 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 that pushed the woman’s voting rights movement to the background of 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the national consciousness. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 8. B Here it is best to go back to the passage and clarify in your own mind 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the distinctions drawn between the NWSA and the AWSA. The NWSA, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 which the question asks about, focused their efforts on federal and 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 constitutional issues, whereas the AWSA focused on state-level issues. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 So (B) is the correct answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 9. B Don’t be distracted by the wrong answers. Without even reading the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 passage, you could guess that the conflict between two organizations 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 was resolved when they combined. The answer is (B). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 10. D The author of Passage 1 doesn’t have a very strong opinion, so you can 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 eliminate (A) and (E). Now you need to decide if the author’s opinion, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 however subtle, is positive or negative. It seems positive. For example, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the author describes the work of the NAWSA as important. Thus the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 correct answer will be positive. That eliminates (B) and (C). The answer 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 is (D). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 11. A The first question is to determine what the “ultimate victory of the 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 woman’s suffrage movement“ is. The first paragraph of the second 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 passage makes it clear the author views the passing of the amendment 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 to the constitution as the “ultimate victory,” and this occurred with 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Tennessee approving the amendment. So (A) is the answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 12. C The earliest time that the second passage points to is the 1870s (the first 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 passage refers to the Seneca Falls convention in 1848), and so (C) is 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 13. C The second passage describes “partial suffrage“ as the right to, “vote in 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 local affairs such as municipal elections, school board elections, or 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 prohibition measures.” All of the examples but (C) refer to local affairs. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Choice (C) refers to something mentioned only in Passage 1 (which was, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 moreover, before the 1848 Seneca Falls convention). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 75 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 14. B The second passage argues that the “partial suffrages“ showed that 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 woman could “responsibly and reasonably participate in a representa23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 tive democracy.” These examples made the reasoning of nonsuffragists, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 that woman were not fit to vote, difficult to maintain. Choice (B) 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 correctly points to this same idea. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 15. E To answer a question like this you have to clearly have in mind which 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 passage discusses what. Neither passage mentions the number of the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 amendment that gave women the right to vote. The second passage 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 mentions when the amendment became law in the first paragraph, so 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 you can eliminate (A). The first passage mentions the Civil War in the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 first paragraph. The first passage mentions the leaders of NWSA in the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 second paragraph. The second passage is all about “partial suffrages,” 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 and you’ve confirmed this in question 14. The only possible answer 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 is (E). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 16. A Recall that the author of the second passage saw the “partial 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 suffrages,” the local successes of the woman’s movement in the 1870s 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 and 1880s, as crucial to the ultimate success of the movement. The first 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 passage says that AWSA focused on state-level issues. Choice (A) states 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 as much and is the best choice. NWSA was specifically interested in 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 federal and constitutional issues, so (B) is factually incorrect. The 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 author of passage two agrees that the constitutional amendment was 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the ultimate success of the suffrage movement, so he or she would not 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 agree with (C). (D) also contradicts that view. (E) is more difficult to 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 eliminate, but the author of Passage 2 doesn’t mention any differences 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 within the suffrage movement. Choice (A) is the best answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 76 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Section 7 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1. This one is all about PEMDAS. 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 @2~32!2 1 ~4 2 3~4!!2# 5 2~9!2 1 ~4 2 12!2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5 @2~81! 1 ~28!2# 162 1 64 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5 162 1 64 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5 226 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2. Remember when you multiply or divide an inequality by a negative, you 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 switch the direction of the inequality sign: 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 22 2 3x . 13 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 22 2 22 2 3x . 13 2 22 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23x . 29 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23x 29 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 , 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23 23 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 x,3 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 The only two positive integers less than 3 are 2 or 1. Either one is an 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 acceptable answer. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 3. The cost will include the initial charge and the minute rate times thirty, 0.40 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 1 0.06(30) 5 0.40 1 1.80 5 2.20. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 4. A good, no-nonsense way to find the least common multiple (LCM) is to 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 multiply both numbers by increasing positive integers until both multiply to 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the same number. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 18 3 2 5 36 24 3 2 5 48 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 18 3 3 5 54 24 3 3 5 72 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 18 3 4 5 72 24 3 4 5 96 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 18 3 5 5 90 24 3 6 5 120 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 18 3 6 5 108 24 3 6 5 144 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 18 3 7 5 126 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 18 3 8 5 144 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Both numbers multiply out to 72, so this is the answer. Creating these two 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 tables would take a lot of time if you didn’t have a calculator, but since you 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 do, make the most of it. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 77 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5. If x is any negative number, then the inequality will hold true because the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 absolute value bars will knock the value up well over 2. If you don’t see this, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 plug in some negative numbers. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Thinking positively, if x . 5 then the inequality is also true. The only 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 remaining integers are 0–5. Plugging zero into the inequality, it still holds 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 true. But if you plug 1–5 in, the inequality is not true. Thus any integer 1, 2, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 3, 4, 5 is correct. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 6. This problem works very much like a function machine. Take the number 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 they give you and place it into the equation, then solve. For the eleventh 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 term, k will be equal to 11, so 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 10~k 1 1! 10~11 1 1! 10~12! 120 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5 5 5 5 12 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 k21 11 2 1 10 10 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 7. If you do not see the answer by visualizing the points, you can always use the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 formula for the midpoint. It is just the average of the coordinates (in this 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 case, the y coordinates) 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 y1 1 y2 2 1 6 8 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5 5 5 4. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2 2 2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 8. You can use trigonometric functions to solve this problem, or you could use 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the Pythagorean theorem since this is a right triangle (the measure of the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 angles have to sum to 180 and you know the measures of two of the three 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 angles, 40 and 50, sum to 90. This means the third angle must be 90.) 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 a2 1 b2 5 c2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 42 1 ~2=5! 5 c2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 16 1 20 5 c2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 36 5 c2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 65c 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 The answer is 6. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 9. The mean is the average, so we have to add up all the numbers and divide by 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the total: 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 7 1 4 1 3 1 6 1 2 1 2 24 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5 5 4. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 6 6 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 The median is the number in the middle if you line up all the numbers from 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 greatest to least. Since there is an even number of numbers, the median will 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 be the average of the two middle numbers, {2, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7}. The median then 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 is the average of 3 and 4, or 3.5. The difference between the two is 0.5 or . 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 78 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 10. Draw this picture! Two lines that are perpendicular to the same line are 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 parallel. To see this, draw one line perpendicular to another, and then draw 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 a third line perpendicular to the second; it will be parallel to the first line). 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 That means a and c are parallel, which implies they have the same slope, . 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 5 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 1 11. This might appear complicated, but a few careful substitutions and you will 9 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 have the answer. When, y 5 3, x 5 5 because x 5 y 1 2. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Now you need to plug this value of x into the function, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 f(x) 5 x2 1 3 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 f~5! 5 52 1 3 5 25 1 3 5 28 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 12. The first step is to sketch the inscribed square. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 The sides of the square are =8 since the area is 8. You get this by working 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 backward from the area of a square formula: 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 A 5 s2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 8 5 s2 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 =8 5 s 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 =4 3 2 5 s 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 2=2 5 s 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 The longest straight line that originates and terminates on the circumference 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 is the diagonal of the square. Now that you have the side of the square, you 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 can find the length of its diagonal because two sides of the square and its 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 hypotenuse make a 45-45-90 right triangle. The diagonal is the hypotenuse, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 so it will be =2 times greater than a side. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 This means the diagonal of the square is: 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 ~2=2!~=2! 5 2=4 5 2 3 2 5 4. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 79 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 13. Our range of numbers to meet the conditions is 1000 to 1198. The only way 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 to meet the two conditions in the 1100’s is to have the ones and units sum to 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 15 since with the two 1’s (in the hundreds and thousands place) will make 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 the sum 17. But this is impossible, since two numbers that are the same 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 cannot sum to an odd number. Therefore, the answer must be in the 1000’s. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 1011 is far too less a sum of digits, and 1099 is too great, but not by much. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Try 1088. It sums to 17. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 Section 8 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 As you might expect, answers will vary. If possible, politely ask a teacher, 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 fellow student, or some other person knowledgeable about formal essay 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 writing to review your essay and provide feedback on ways in which the 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 essay is commendable and on areas where it could be improved. 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 23456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1 123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678 9 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789 80 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 MATH 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Number Number Raw 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Correct Incorrect 5 Score 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 (.25 3 )5 Section 2 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Section 5 2 (.25 3 )5 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Section 7 2 (.25 3 )5 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 CRITICAL READING 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Sections 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1, 4, and 6 2 (.25 3 )5 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 WRITING 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Section 3 2 (.25 3 )5 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Section 8 Go to www.petersons.com/satessayedge/ 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 for instant online scoring and feedback. 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 Scoring Worksheet Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. 81 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 MATH CRITICAL READING 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 Raw Math Scaled Raw Math Scaled 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Raw Verbal Scaled Raw Verbal Scaled 2 Score 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 Score Score Score Score Score Score Score 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 2 60 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 78 800 37 510 800 28 500 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 59 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 77 800 36 510 800 27 490 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 76 800 35 500 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 58 790 26 490 2 57 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 75 790 34 500 770 25 480 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 56 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 74 780 33 490 760 24 470 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 73 770 32 490 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 55 740 23 460 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 72 760 31 480 2 54 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 720 22 460 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 71 750 30 480 2 53 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 710 21 450 2 52 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 70 740 29 470 700 20 440 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 69 730 28 460 2 51 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 690 19 430 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 68 720 27 460 2 50 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 680 18 420 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 67 710 26 450 2 49 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 670 17 420 66 700 25 450 2 48 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 660 16 410 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 65 700 24 440 2 47 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 650 15 410 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 64 690 23 440 2 46 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 640 14 400 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 63 680 22 430 2 45 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 630 13 390 62 670 21 420 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 44 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 620 12 380 61 670 20 410 2 43 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 610 11 370 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 60 660 19 410 2 42 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 600 10 360 59 650 18 400 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 41 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 600 9 350 58 640 17 390 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 40 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 57 640 16 380 590 8 340 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 56 630 15 380 2 39 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 580 7 330 2 38 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 55 620 14 370 570 6 320 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 37 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 54 610 13 360 560 5 310 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 36 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 53 610 12 360 560 4 300 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 52 600 11 350 2 35 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 550 3 280 2 34 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 51 600 10 340 540 2 270 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 33 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 50 590 9 330 540 1 250 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 49 590 8 320 2 32 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 530 0 240 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 48 580 7 310 2 31 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 520 21 220 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 47 570 6 300 2 30 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 510 22 210 46 570 5 290 2 29 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 510 23 and 200 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 45 560 4 270 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 below 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 44 550 3 260 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 43 550 2 250 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 42 540 1 240 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 41 540 0 230 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 40 530 21 220 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 39 520 22 210 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 38 520 23 and 200 234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 below 2 1 34567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789012123456 7 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012345678901234567890121234567 Score Charts 82 Copyright © 2005 Thomson Peterson’s, a part of The Thomson Corporaton SAT is a registered trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board, which was not involved in the production of and does not endorse this product. ...
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