Chapter 5 Study Guide

Chapter 5 Study Guide - Chapter 5 Study Guide What...

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Chapter 5 Study Guide What questions concerning the colonies were British officials presented with? France would be eager for revenge of its lost colonies, and French inhabitants in the recently acquired colonies might prove disloyal to their new rulers in any future war between the two countries. Why did Britain seek to “crack down on local governments?” Britain believed that the increasing power of the legislatures had deprived stability of the government of the older colonies, and British authorities hoped to avoid similar unruliness in its newly claimed colonies, so they wanted to have authority over the colonies. What did many Britons conclude about the war debt? Why? England was approximately 146 million pounds in debt, nearly double the amount at the beginning of the war, and many Britons concluded that Americans should bear more of the financial burden of running the empire. What steps did the British government take to deal with the new territories? 1) Keep a substantial body of troops stationed in America-even in peace time-10,000 were initially planned. 2) Announced in the Proclamation of 1763, was to establish civilian governments in the East and West Florida. 3) Temporarily forbid white settlements west of the Appalachian Mountains. The purpose of the Proclamation Line restricting white settlement was presumably twofold: to keep white settlers and Indians apart, preventing fighting between them, and to hold the colonists closer to the coast, where they would be easier to control. Permanent arrangements for the Mississippi Valley could come later, after British officials had time to ponder matters. Why did the Proclamation of 1763 provoke resentment? Because it threatened to deprive settlers and speculators in the rapidly developing colonies of the land they coveted. Some who had moved into the Ohio area were removed by force. Other Americans merely ignored the restriction. Moreover, someone had to pay for the troops, forcing the British government to take additional measures that further provoked American resentment. These measures included the imposition of direct taxes and the passage of the Quartering Acts that required colonial assemblies to provide barracks and certain supplies for the soldiers. Why were Americans worried about the presence of troops? Sharing the traditional English distrust of standing armies, they wondered whether the soldiers were there to coerce rather than to protect them. And the military presence, may, in fact, have made imperial authorities less cautious in dealing with the colonies. Americans objected to the troops and to the taxes necessary to support them even if the troops did a great job protecting the frontier. But conflicts with Indians cast doubt on their ability to even do that.
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Why were the Indians in a weaker position after the war? Colonial settlers and their livestock were displacing Indians from their ancient lands,
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Chapter 5 Study Guide - Chapter 5 Study Guide What...

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