KOREA_50 - Thursday LECTURE 1 Introduction and Early Times...

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Thursday, 9/27/18LECTURE 1: Introduction and Early TimesWhy Korea?Territory: 87,000 sq milesPopulation: 74 million, 16th largestEconomy: SK alone is the 11th largest in 2018Technology: Users: most wired wireless countryProducers: samsung, hynx, LG, and othersCultural creativity: Korean Wave, K-popGeopolitical importanceModel for development, especially to Latin America and Southeast AsiaEx: Ecuador: government is trying to replicate Korea’s economic developmentHistory:Unified state, sophisticated governanceComplex bureaucracy Cultural attainments (very well documented)Printing, ceramics, paintingBuddhist and confucian thoughtKorea as historical lab for acculturationGeography: situated between China, Russia, and JapanHistoriography 1: pre 1945Pre-modern confucianCircular time, decline since classical eraEmphasis on moral qualities of rulersJapanese colonialistBelieved Korea was deficientStagnationHeteronomyFactionalismNo cultural creativityTypical colonialist view: England/India, France/Vietnam, U.S./PhillipinesHistoriography 2: post 1945Post 1945:North Korea: From Stalinist to KimilsungismUse of Stalinist universal historical stages
From 1970s: nationalism, racism, hero worshipSouth Korea: internal development theoryElite centeredFocused on the rise of elites, who propelled the development of KoreaMinjung centeredNow search for new approachesYounger generation is now looiking for new ways to improve and interpret Korea’s developmentWest: from orientalist to post-modernistCold war era modernization theoryFrom 1990s, new cultural history approachesMore emphasis on culture, skeptical of linear time, skeptical of internal development theory and of modernizationAccording to Japan, no koreans lived in Korea before the stone agePaleolithic tools found in Korea dispute Japan’s claimsNeolithic tools represent a more complex societyComb pattern theoryBronze age Bronze swords found in korea-north korea says that bronze was developedindigenously, 3000 years before the common manSK argue that bronze came to korea from siberiansOld ChosonJapan claimed that the first state was Old Choson but it was founded by a chinese man, weiman, who came and established control over Korean nativeSome Koreans claim that Old Cholson existed a long time before WeimanNK claim that Old Cholson was huge and established 3000 years before ECSK say that Old Cholson came to be during the 8th or 9th century before CE and that Weiman was actually a Korean. Records show that he was wearing the traditional Korean

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