Sept 12 Situating the Family in Social Context

Sept 12 Situating the Family in Social Context - Situating...

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Unformatted text preview: Situating the Family in Social Context September 12 th , 2007 Familism Familialism:-prioritizing family over individual interests/preferences-91% of Americans rate family as “extremely important” Archival Work-family movies, scrapbooks, holiday rituals of reminiscing Boundary Work/“Backstage” and “Frontstage”-physical barriers like fences, interpersonal barriers like rules for who may be invited into the home The Frontstage Lifeworld The Backstage Lifeworld Individualism Individualistic (Self-fulfillment) Orientation-thinking of personal (vs. collective/group) happiness and goals Utilitarian Individualism-a traditional orientation in the U.S.-self-reliance & individual achievement, especially in worklife Expressive Individualism-increasingly prevalent orientation in the U.S. (esp. since the ’60s)-prioritization of one’s own feelings and emotional satisfaction Familism vs. Individualism U.S. National Telephone Random Survey (Cherlin 1999) Order of Percentage of Americans Rating Different Values “Very Important” Individualistic Values 1) “Being Responsible for Your Actions” 2) “Being Able to Stand Up for Yourself” 3) “Being in Good Health” 4) “Being Able to Communicate Feelings” Familistic Values 6) “Having Children” 10) “Being Married” The Public Family Externalities:-Unintended consequences of self-interested actions-Negative externalities—things produced that cost others-Positive externalities—things produced that benefit others *Public goods—useful things with no individual profit incentive that cannot be hoarded, kept from others The Public Family:-“One adult, or two adults who is/are taking care of dependents, and the dependents themselves,” (Cherlin text). The Private Family The Private Family-“Two or more individuals who maintain an intimate relationship that they expect will last indefinitely—or, in the case of a parent and...
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Sept 12 Situating the Family in Social Context - Situating...

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