1999 - $3Š %LRORJ\ 1999 6FRULQJ *XLGHOLQHV 7KH PDWHULDOV...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: $3Š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Š WKH 36$710647Œ WKH $GYDQFHG 3ODFHPHQW 3URJUDPŠ $3Š  DQG 3DFHVHWWHUŠ 7KH &ROOHJH %RDUG LV FRPPLWWHG WR WKH SULQFLSOHV RI HTXLW\ DQG H[FHOOHQFH DQG WKDW FRPPLWPHQW LV HPERGLHG LQ DOO RI LWV SURJUDPV VHUYLFHV DFWLYLWLHV DQG FRQFHUQV &RS\ULJKW ‹  E\ &ROOHJH (QWUDQFH ([DPLQDWLRQ %RDUG $OO ULJKWV UHVHUYHG &ROOHJH %RDUG $GYDQFHG 3ODFHPHQW 3URJUDP $3 DQG WKH DFRUQ ORJR DUH UHJLVWHUHG WUDGHPDUNV RI WKH &ROOHJH (QWUDQFH ([DPLQDWLRQ %RDUG #2s $+1.1);  5%14+0) )7+&'.+0'5 3WGUVKQP  $ ([SHULPHQWDO 'HVLJQ 7KH IROORZLQJ H[SHULPHQWDO FKDUDFWHULVWLFV PD\ HDUQ  SRLQW HDFK 0D[  SRLQWV • • 6FRUH RQO\ WKH VW LQGHSHQGHQW YDULDEOH WHPSHUDWXUH ZDYHOHQJWK LQWHQVLW\ PDQLSXODWHG DQG WKH VW IDFWRU XVHG E\ WKH VWXGHQW WR PHDVXUH SKRWRV\QWKHWLF UDWH 2 &2 HWF  $  SRLQW PD[LPXP LQ 6HFWLRQ $ LI WKH H[SHULPHQW ZLOO QRW ZRUN ELRORJLFDOO\ ([DPSOHV XVLQJ DQ RUJDQLVP WKDW LV QRW SKRWRV\QWKHWLF RU XVLQJ DQ DSSDUDWXV WKDW ELRORJLFDOO\ ZLOO QRW PHDVXUH SKRWRV\QWKHVLV DV GHVLJQHG LH SRWRPHWHU RU UHVSLURPHWHU  1RW LQWHQGHG WR PHDQ D WHFKQLFDO GHVLJQ IODZ • 6WDWH K\SRWKHVLV FOHDU VWDWHPHQW RI D K\SRWKHVLV LGHQWLILHV LW DV D K\SRWKHVLV XVHV ,IWKHQ VWDWHPHQW • 6SHFLI\ D FRQWURO JURXS IRU FRPSDULVRQ • ,GHQWLI\ DQG KROG FRQVWDQW DW OHDVW RQH H[SHULPHQWDO IDFWRU WKDW FDQ DIIHFW SKRWRV\QWKHWLF UDWH • 0DQLSXODWH WKH LQGHSHQGHQW YDULDEOH FKDQJH WKH WHPSHUDWXUH ZDYHOHQJWK RI OLJKW LQWHQVLW\ RI OLJKW • 'HVFULEH ZKDW LV EHLQJ PHDVXUHG WR GHWHUPLQH UDWH &2 RU +2 FRQVXPSWLRQ 2 RU FDUERK\GUDWH SURGXFWLRQ JURZWK H IORZ PHDVXUHG ZLWK G\H UHGXFWLRQ SURGXFWLRQ RI DQ LQWHUPHGLDWH SURGXFW HWF • 4XDQWLI\ WKH PHDVXUHPHQW RI WKH YDULDEOH PHWKRG PHDVXUHPHQW • • • • % • 5DWH FDOFXODWLRQ RU GHILQLWLRQ 9HULI\ UHVXOWV WKURXJK VDPSOH VL]H ! RU UHSHWLWLRQ 8WLOL]H VWDWLVWLFDO DSSOLFDWLRQ RI GDWD PHDQ WWHVW $129$ HWF 'HVLJQ DQ H[HPSODU\ H[SHULPHQW 'HVFULEH H[SHFWHG H[SHULPHQWDO UHVXOWV 0D[  SRLQWV 9HUEDO RU JUDSKLF GHVFULSWLRQ RI H[SHFWHG H[SHULPHQWDO UHVXOWV  SRLQW WLPH IUDPH RI &RS\ULJKW  E\ &ROOHJH (QWUDQFH ([DPLQDWLRQ %RDUG $OO ULJKWV UHVHUYHG $GYDQFHG 3ODFHPHQW 3URJUDP DQG $3 DUH UHJLVWHUHG WUDGHPDUNV RI WKH &ROOHJH (QWUDQFH ([DPLQDWLRQ %RDUG  #2s $+1.1);  5%14+0) )7+&'.+0'5 3WGUVKQP  EQPV • 9HUEDO RU JUDSKLF GHVFULSWLRQ RI H[SHFWHG UHVXOWV DFURVV WKH HQWLUH UDQJH RI ELRORJLFDO DFWLYLW\  SRLQW • 7KH JUDSKV EHORZ UHSUHVHQW SRLQW JUDSKV EXW WR HDUQ DQ\ SRLQWV JUDSKV PXVW EH DFFXUDWHO\ ODEHOHG 7HPSHUDWXUH 5DWH ULVHV ZLWK WHPSHUDWXUH WR DQ RSWLPXP DQG WKHQ IDOOV :DYHOHQJWK $Q DFWLRQ VSHFWUXP ZLWK KLJKHVW UDWHV LQ WKH EOXH DQG UHG UHJLRQV RI WKH VSHFWUXP ,QWHQVLW\ 5DWH LQFUHDVHV VWHDGLO\ WR D PD[LPXP DQG OHYHOV RII & %LRORJLFDO H[SODQDWLRQ RI UHVXOWV 0D[  SRLQWV 7HPSHUDWXUH • • • • • • (Q]\PH NLQHWLFV RU PHWDEROLF FKDQJHV (Q]\PH GHQDWXUHV 3KRWRUHVSLUDWLRQ 6WRPDWDO FORVLQJ ZKLJK WHPS OLPLWV &2 ORZHUV UDWH ([FHVVLYH ZDWHU ORVV OHVV UHDFWDQW DYDLODEOH IRU UHDFWLRQ (ODERUDWLRQ &RS\ULJKW  E\ &ROOHJH (QWUDQFH ([DPLQDWLRQ %RDUG $OO ULJKWV UHVHUYHG $GYDQFHG 3ODFHPHQW 3URJUDP DQG $3 DUH UHJLVWHUHG WUDGHPDUNV RI WKH &ROOHJH (QWUDQFH ([DPLQDWLRQ %RDUG  #2s $+1.1);  5%14+0) )7+&'.+0'5 3WGUVKQP  EQPV :DYHOHQJWK • • • • $EVRUSWLRQUHIOHFWLRQ RI OLJKW E\ FKORURSK\OO $FFHVVRU\ SLJPHQWV DEVRUELQJ JUHHQ OLJKW 5HODWLRQ EHWZHHQ ZDYHOHQJWK (ODERUDWLRQ HQHUJ\ ,QWHQVLW\ • • • • 0RUH SKRWRQV KLW SKRWRV\VWHPV 0RUH H IORZ LQ WKH HOHFWURQ WUDQVSRUW V\VWHPWLPH 3ODWHDX FDXVHG E\ OLPLWLQJ IDFWRUV (ODERUDWLRQ &RS\ULJKW  E\ &ROOHJH (QWUDQFH ([DPLQDWLRQ %RDUG $OO ULJKWV UHVHUYHG $GYDQFHG 3ODFHPHQW 3URJUDP DQG $3 DUH UHJLVWHUHG WUDGHPDUNV RI WKH &ROOHJH (QWUDQFH ([DPLQDWLRQ %RDUG  #2s $+1.1);  5%14+0) )7+&'.+0'5 3WGUVKQP  2YHUYLHZ RI SRLQW GLVWULEXWLRQ &RPPXQLFDWLRQ EHWZHHQ WZR SODQW FHOOV  SWV PD[ 6RXUFH  SW PD[ +RUPRQHSURGXFLQJ FHOO JHQHULF 3ODVPRGHVPDWD HODE SW IRU JRRG GHVFULSWLRQ 6LJQDO  SW PD[ $ VSHFLILF SODQW KRUPRQH 5HVSRQVHV(ODE  SWV PD[ 9DULRXV SK\VLRORJLFDO FKDQJHV ,RQ PRYHPHQW +2 PRYHPHQW 51$ PRYHPHQW &RPPXQLFDWLRQ EHWZHHQ WZR LPPXQH V\VWHP FHOOV  SWV PD[ 6RXUFH  SW PD[ $Q\ WZR LPPXQH V\VWHP FHOOV LQWHUDFWLQJ RU $Q LPPXQH V\VWHP FHOO LQWHUDFWLQJ ZLWK WKH SURGXFW RI DQRWKHU LPPXQH V\VWHP FHOO 6LJQDO  SW PD[ 7F$3& GRFNLQJ $QWLERG\ +LVWDPLQH ,QWHUIHURQ 5HVSRQVHV(ODE  SWV PD[ 'LVFKDUJH RI SHUIRULQ SKDJRF\WRVLV RI SDWKRJHQ LQIODPPDWRU\ UHVSRQVH SKDJRF\WH DFWLYDWLRQ $E VHFUHWLRQ FORQDO VHOHFWLRQ &RPPXQLFDWLRQ EHWZHHQ WZR QHXURQV 25 EHWZHHQ D QHXURQ DQG D PXVFOH FHOO  SWV PD[ 6RXUFH  SW PD[ &RS\ULJKW  E\ &ROOHJH (QWUDQFH ([DPLQDWLRQ %RDUG $OO ULJKWV UHVHUYHG $GYDQFHG 3ODFHPHQW 3URJUDP DQG $3 DUH UHJLVWHUHG WUDGHPDUNV RI WKH &ROOHJH (QWUDQFH ([DPLQDWLRQ %RDUG  #2s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s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s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s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s $+1.1);  5%14+0) )7+&'.+0'5 3WGUVKQP  ([SODLQ KRZ '1$ PHHWV HDFK RI WKH WKUHH FULWHULD VWDWHG DERYH 6HOHFW RQH RI WKH FULWHULD VWDWHG DERYH DQG GHVFULEH H[SHULPHQWDO HYLGHQFH XVHG WR GHWHUPLQH WKDW '1$ LV WKH KHUHGLWDU\ PDWHULDO 1RWH 3DUW $ FDQ HDUQ D PD[LPXP RI  SRLQWV 3DUW % FDQ HDUQ D PD[LPXP RI  SRLQWV ' ([SODLQ KRZ '1$ PHHWV HDFK RI WKH WKUHH FULWHULD VWDWHG DERYH > PD[@  0ROHFXODU 3URSHUWLHV IRU 3UHFLVH &23<,1* > PD[@ o 7HPSODWH FRQFHSW VHPLFRQVHUYDWLYH UHSOLFDWLRQ o 0ROHFXODU VWUXFWXUH> HJ FRPSOHPHQWDU\ EDVH SDLULQJ $7&* SXULQHS\ULPLGLQH SDLULQJ DQWLSDUDOOHO@ o '1$ SRO\PHUDVH IXQFWLRQ LQ FRS\LQJ o 6HSDUDWLRQ FRQFHSW o (ODERUDWLRQ RI UHSOLFDWLRQ >HJ VSHFLILF UROHV RI RWKHU UHSOLFDWLRQ HQ]\PHV SURSHU VHTXHQFH RI VWHSV@  0ROHFXODU 3URSHUWLHV WKDW PDNH LW 67$%/( EXW $%/( WR FKDQJH > PD[@ 6WDEOH o (QHUJHWLFDOO\ IDYRUDEOH DUUDQJHPHQW VWDEOH EHFDXVH RI VKDSH RI PROHFXOH > HJ GRXEOH KHOL[ EDVHV LQ WKH LQWHULRU RI WKH KHOL[@ o (QHUJHWLFDOO\ IDYRUDEOH DUUDQJHPHQW VWDEOH EHFDXVH RI ERQGLQJ > HJ PXOWLSOH + ERQGV SKRVSKRGLHVWHU ERQGV@ o 6LOHQW HUURUV >HJ MXQN '1$ LQWURQV UHGXQGDQF\ RI WKH JHQHWLF FRGH@ o $EOH WR EH UHSDLUHG >HJ SURRIUHDGLQJ@ &RS\ULJKW  E\ &ROOHJH (QWUDQFH ([DPLQDWLRQ %RDUG $OO ULJKWV UHVHUYHG $GYDQFHG 3ODFHPHQW 3URJUDP DQG $3 DUH UHJLVWHUHG WUDGHPDUNV RI WKH &ROOHJH (QWUDQFH ([DPLQDWLRQ %RDUG  #2s $+1.1);  5%14+0) )7+&'.+0'5 3WGUVKQP  EQPV $EOH o 'HVFULSWLRQ RI D PXWDWLRQ >HJ VXEVWLWXWLRQ GHOHWLRQ LQVHUWLRQ LQYHUVLRQ WUDQVORFDWLRQ@ o &URVVLQJ RYHU >HJ GXULQJ PHLRVLV@ o %DVH FKDQJHV >HJ GHSXULQDWLRQ GHDPLQDWLRQ WDXWRPHULVP@ o *HQH UHDUUDQJHPHQWV >HJ DQWLERG\ JHQHV LQ VWHP FHOOV WUDQVSRVRQV@ o 6HQVLWLYH WR PXWDJHQV >HJ 89 ;UD\@ o 5HVWULFWLRQ HQ]\PH UHFRJQLWLRQ VHTXHQFHV 6WDEOH RU $EOH ZLWK MXVWLILFDWLRQ o 0HWK\ODWLRQ o 7HORPHUHV SURWHFW HQGV  0ROHFXODU 3URSHUWLHV WKDW PDNH LW &203/(; HQRXJK WR GHWHUPLQH 3+(127<3( > PD[@ o &ROLQHDULW\ RI JHQH DQG SURWHLQ >LH EDVH VHTXHQFH GHWHUPLQHV DD VHTXHQFH@ o ,QILQLWH EDVH VHTXHQFH FRPELQDWLRQV OHDG WR SURWHLQ YDULHW\ o 9DULDEOH QXPEHUV RI EDVH SDLUV SHU JHQH OHDG WR GLIIHUHQW VL]HV RI SRO\SHSWLGHV o 3URWHLQV DUH UHVSRQVLEOH IRU SKHQRW\SH o 'HVFULSWLRQ RI WUDQVFULSWLRQ DQG WUDQVODWLRQ o &KURPRVRPH VWUXFWXUH DV LW UHODWHV WR IXQFWLRQ >HJ VXSHUFRLOLQJ FKURPRVRPH RU JHQH LQDFWLYDWLRQ LQWHUDFWLRQ ZLWK KLVWRQHV HWF@ &RS\ULJKW  E\ &ROOHJH (QWUDQFH ([DPLQDWLRQ %RDUG $OO ULJKWV UHVHUYHG $GYDQFHG 3ODFHPHQW 3URJUDP DQG $3 DUH UHJLVWHUHG WUDGHPDUNV RI WKH &ROOHJH (QWUDQFH ([DPLQDWLRQ %RDUG  #2s $+1.1);  5%14+0) )7+&'.+0'5 3WGUVKQP  EQPV ( 6HOHFW RQH RI WKH FULWHULD VWDWHG DERYH DQG GHVFULEH H[SHULPHQWDO HYLGHQFH XVHG WR GHWHUPLQH WKDW '1$ LV WKH KHUHGLWDU\ PDWHULDO > PD[@ ,GHQWLILFDWLRQ RI H[SHULPHQW ZLWK YDOLG OLQN WR DQ\ RQH RI WKH FULWHULD > PD[@  SUHFLVH FRS\LQJ  VWDEOH EXW DEOH WR FKDQJH  FRPSOH[ HQRXJK WR GHWHUPLQH SKHQRW\SH  '1$ LV WKH KHUHGLWDU\ PDWHULDO@ 0D\ LQFOXGH EXW QHHG QRW EH OLPLWHG WR H[SHULPHQWV WKDW VKRZ • • • • • • • • • • • '1$ FDQ WUDQVIRUP EDFWHULD YLUDO '1$ FDQ UHSURJUDP FHOOV HTXLYDOHQFH RI $7 DQG &* GRXEOH KHOL[ VWUXFWXUH >HJ [UD\ FU\VWDOORJUDSK\@ UHSOLFDWLRQ LV VHPLFRQVHUYDWLYH KHUHGLWDU\ HQ]\PH GHILFLHQF\ GLVRUGHUV KDYH JHQHWLF OLQNV '1$ FRGHV IRU SURWHLQ FKDQJHV LQ '1$ TXDQWLWLHV GXULQJ WKH FHOO F\FOH PLWRVLVPHLRVLV FKURPRVRPH PDUNHUV OLQNHG WR GLVRUGHUV PHDVXUHPHQW RI PXWDWLRQ UDWHV FKDQJHV LQ '1$ >ELRWHFKQRORJ\@ 'HVFULSWLRQ RI (9,'(1&( > PD[@ • (YLGHQFH SURYLGHG LQ WKH FRQWH[W RI DQ H[SHULPHQW &RS\ULJKW  E\ &ROOHJH (QWUDQFH ([DPLQDWLRQ %RDUG $OO ULJKWV UHVHUYHG $GYDQFHG 3ODFHPHQW 3URJUDP DQG $3 DUH UHJLVWHUHG WUDGHPDUNV RI WKH &ROOHJH (QWUDQFH ([DPLQDWLRQ %RDUG  ...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 08/19/2010 for the course BIOLOGY 101 taught by Professor Mancino during the Spring '10 term at Abant İzzet Baysal University.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online