NTDs Powerpoint

NTDs Powerpoint - Neglected Tropical Diseases Click to edit...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 8/21/10 Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) International Heath: Latin America Health Studies Courtney Culbreath
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8/21/10 Neglected Tropical Diseases are named neglected because these diseases persist exclusively in the poorest communities, and have been largely eliminated elsewhere and thus are often forgotten.
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8/21/10 There are 14 diseases currently listed as NTDs Chagas disease Dengue fever Dracunculiasis (guinea-worm disease) Fascioliasis Human African trypanosomiasis Leishmaniasis Leprosy Lymphatic filariasis Onchocerciasis Schistosomiasis Soil transmitted helminthiasis Yaws
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8/21/10 Most can be prevented and eliminated. They thrive in places with unsafe water, poor sanitation, and limited access to basic health care. They cause severe pain and life-long disabilities.
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8/21/10 More than 1.5 billion people are infected with one or That’s ONE SIXTH of the world’s population!
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8/21/10 The global burden of the neglected tropical diseases is equivalent to at least half of the combined global burden of HIV/AIDS,TB, and malaria.
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8/21/10 Diagnosis for the NTDs ranges from a 4 cent test to hospitalization with skilled health workers. In remote locations, many people die without a diagnosis.
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8/21/10 Drugs for some of the NTDs are safe, inexpensive (as low as two US cents per tablet) or even distributed free. They can be administered by trained non-medical staff (like teachers, and community health volunteers). For other NTDs, the medicines are toxic, expensive, and often in short supply. They can even be lethal if they are administered poorly.
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8/21/10 Soil Transmitted Helminthiasis Includes the parasites: 1. Ascaris lumbricoides 2. Trichuris trichiura 3. The Hookworms ( Ancylostoma duodenale and Necator americanus)
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8/21/10 § All intestinal parasites § More worms=more problems § Most common in tropical, warm, wet climates with poor sanitation § Children are more likely to be infected § Placethings in mouths § Do not wash hands as often § Not educated § Immune systems not as strong as adults § Ideas to help fix the problem § Get acceptable bathrooms and waste disposal § Wash and cook food well § Watch kids § Wash hands § Drink clean water § Wear shoes
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8/21/10 Ascaris lumbricoides § Largest human intestinal nematode (up to 35cm) § Causes the disease Ascariasis § MOST COMMON human worm infection § Infects over 1.5 billion people (8% of those in Latin America which equals 120,000,000 people!) § Symptoms: asymptomatic to stomach pain, intestinal obstructions, or death § Affects 50% of people in tropical areas and kills 20,000 people worldwide each year § Fecal-oral transmission § Have been found in human remains from
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8/21/10 Trichuris trichuria § Human Whipworm § Third most common roundworm in humans (800 million people infected worldwide) § Causes the disease Trichuriasis § Symptoms: asymptomatic to anemia, Vitamin A deficiency, and prolapsed rectum in heavy infections § Fecal-oral transmission
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NTDs Powerpoint - Neglected Tropical Diseases Click to edit...

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