sudy guide4 - Phil. 120 (Critical Thinking), fall 2009,...

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Phil. 120 (Critical Thinking), fall 2009, Study Guide: Final Exam The final exam consists of 60 T/F and multiple-choice questions. Questions 1-40 cover new material from chapters 10 and 11. Questions 40-60 covers old material from chapters 1-8. In a nutshell, here’s what you’ll need to know or be able to do: New Material: 1. The difference between inductive analogical arguments and inductive generalizations. Generalizations are about groups of things or people Analogical arguments compare two things or people 2. The relationship between sample size, confidence levels and error margins in formal inductive generalizations. As long as the sample is still as random/representative as before, when a sample size is increased you can make your error margins smaller and raise your confidence levels. 3. What strengthens or weakens an inductive analogical argument. The number of similarities and how relative are those similarities 4. What it means to say that a sample is representative, random, or biased. Representative – perfect representation of the target population Random – sample is randomly selected with no bias, every person in target population has an equal chance to be in the sample.
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This note was uploaded on 08/21/2010 for the course PHIL 120 taught by Professor No during the Fall '09 term at Indiana University-Purdue University Fort Wayne.

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sudy guide4 - Phil. 120 (Critical Thinking), fall 2009,...

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