unit3 - Brittany Gonzales L103 Unit 3 Chapter 12 Language...

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Unformatted text preview: Brittany Gonzales L103 Unit 3 Chapter 12 Language Change • Language Change o How and why a language changes o Synchronic Analyzing a language at a particular point in time o Diachronic ‘across time’ analysis Historical Linguistics • Looks at change from past to present • Comparative Linguistics o Looks at ‘family relationships’ o Sociolinguistics Analyses change that is occurring or will occur Types of language change • Regional • Ethnic • Etc. Comparative Linguistics o Factors that contribute to language change Evolving to the speakers needs Reduced contact Increased contact o Relationships Between Languages To determine relationships • Observe similarities • Form hypothesis about the similarities o Common Origin o Or not Universal Borrowing Coincidence Onomotopia o Genetic Relationships Shared core vocabulary makes it more likely Shared learned vocabulary is less likely genetic o Comparative method Compile cognate sets Determine sound correspondence Form a protoform o Total correspondence o Natural development o Occam’s razor Simplest answer is usually the right answer o Reconstruction Internal • what the language used to be like...
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This note was uploaded on 08/21/2010 for the course LING 103 taught by Professor No during the Fall '09 term at Indiana University-Purdue University Fort Wayne.

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unit3 - Brittany Gonzales L103 Unit 3 Chapter 12 Language...

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