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Lecture 15 - EXAMThursdayApril22,35pm(GYM...

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EXAM- Thursday April 22, 3-5 pm (GYM)  Two hour exam; worth 30% of your final  grade First section will include identification-and- significance type questions (the same as the  midterm)  
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Second section will include essay questions  (you will have to do TWO)  Exam covers 1920s until the end of the  course (Lectures 8-16; Chapters 24-32;  Tutorial Readings 3 and 4)  You will have choice in both sections 
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Pace yourself HINTS:  New Deal, Civil Rights, Cold War,  Conservative Movement   
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Large government deficits--by 1980, the   federal debt was 908 billion  US’s declining share of the world market  (exports)--- drops from 32% in 1955 to 18%  in 1970 American businesses have to compete with  cheap foreign imports from Asia and Latin  America 
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1973 Oil Embargo- by 1973, US is importing  one-third of its oil from foreign nations  (mostly Arab countries who have formed  OPEC)   In retaliation for US support of Israel, in 1973,  the Organization of Petroleum Exporting  Countries or OPEC, imposes an embargo on  oil to the US, thereby driving up oil prices for  Americans 
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Many parts of the US experience  deindustrialization-the process by which the  manufacturing-based economy of a region or  country declines (US companies moved  production to low-wage countries)  Decent paying manufacturing jobs are  replaced by service jobs, many of which are  low-wage jobs 
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Political and economic power shifts from the  older industrial cities of the Northeast and  Midwest to the South and West As the industrial base of the Northeast  declines, some workers relocate to the  South  Retirees move South taking with them their  retirement packages and Social Security  checks
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Defense spending revitalizes the region  Manufacturers from the Northern US relocate  to the South because of the absence of labor  unions there Massive immigration boosts the population of  the South (Mexico, Latin America)  Air conditioning and tourism 
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Population growth in the Sunbelt states  benefits the Republican Party  By 1970, white Southerners have switched to  the Republican Party, in part because the  Democrats supported civil rights  South also has a long history of  conservatism and belief in states’ rights 
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Jimmy Carter  (Democrat),  defeats Gerald  Ford (Nixon’s  successor)
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Believes the US should promote human  rights worldwide Reduces US aid to some dictatorships  (Chile, El Salvador etc.) 1978- brokers a peace treaty between Israel  and Egypt 
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Soviets invade  Afghanistan to prop  up the Soviet-friendly  government against  attacks from Islamic  fundamentalist and  nationalist rebels (the  Mujahedeen)
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Under Carter’s 
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