Lecture Seven

Lecture Seven - Emerges to tackle the problems of the...

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Unformatted text preview: Emerges to tackle the problems of the Gilded Age  “Broad, loosely defined political movement of individuals and groups who hoped to bring about significant change in American social and political life.”  A general spirit of reform embraced by Americans with diverse backgrounds to humanize industrial capitalism Believe that America needs a new social conscience to deal with the problems of the Gilded Age  Embrace broader concepts of social responsibility Call for a more activist government to regulate the economy and tackle the nation’s social problems  Want government itself to become more orderly and efficient  Believe that ordinary citizens have a moral responsibility to intervene and help improve social conditions Community centers that provide services for immigrants, workers, the poor working class  Lobby government for better city services and laws to protect workers, children, and women  Demand and help create a more activist state (child labor laws, housing laws etc.) Provides middle-class women with the opportunity to move into the public sphere and influence politics  Tension between reform and social control (settlement houses as vehicles of assimilation/ Americanization) Social feminists emphasized that women had special moral and maternal instincts that would have value in the political realm  National American Woman Suffrage Association and Carrie Chapman Catt WWI gives women an opportunity to demonstrate their patriotism and worth to the nation  1920-19 th Amendment is passed enfranchising American women Campaigned for local and state laws prohibiting the manufacture and sale of alcohol  Women’s Christian Temperance Union (1874) and Frances Willard  18 th Amendment (1919) banned the manufacture and sale of alcohol (repealed in 1933) Prohibition Posters Black women establish “colored” chapters of...
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This note was uploaded on 08/21/2010 for the course HST HST 210 taught by Professor Dr.jennycarson during the Winter '10 term at Ryerson.

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Lecture Seven - Emerges to tackle the problems of the...

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