HIS1011_Exam2_2007-1 - Western Civ I(His 1011 Exam#2 M...

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Western Civ I (His 1011) Exam #2 M. Hanson Due Date: Monday November 5, 2007 at the beginning of your class. Do not return answers via electronic mail, under my office door or through the Department Administrator. 1. The “fall” of the Roman Empire in the fifth century A.D. has been much exaggerated because a. Diocletian essentially ended Roman civilization in 284 A.D. b. many Roman institutions continued to function after the triumph of German-speaking invaders. c. late antiquity did not begin until the seventh century A.D. d. Christianity was never adopted as the state religion of Rome. 2. Economic reforms introduced by the early fourth century Roman Empire included a. A single paper currency that could be used throughout the empire. b. legislation allowing agricultural and urban workers to change their jobs. c. further cutbacks in military spending to meet the budget. d. wage and price controls fixed by the government. e. all of the above. 3. Jesus is the central figure in Christianity, but Paul was important a. first as a persecutor, then a follower, finally a heretic. b. as founder of the universal church, giving it theology and organization. c. because he wrote the Gospels, Epistles, and teachings of the apostles. d. in arguing that women should be allowed to speak in church. 4. The fourth century interest in “orthodoxy” among Christian intellectuals arose from a. the need to show that Christianity could withstand the philosophical scrutiny of Greek and Roman traditions. b. an agreement among Christian bishops and leaders that there were core matters of faith that could be acknowledged. c. a powerful Roman papacy that could finally enforce Christian orthodoxy. d. a series of pagan emperors who persecuted Christians and attacked their theology and style of worship. e. none of the above. 5. What were the general results of the religious doctrinal quarrels of the early Christian centuries? a. Many new churches and sects were started, increasing public understanding. b. Believers had to be either with the church of against it on every issue. c. Regional antagonisms were reduced as people concentrated on big questions. d. The dogmas of the Christian Church gradually became fixed. e. all of the above. 6. The roots of the papacy lie in a. the imperial order of Constantine at the Council of Nicea. b. a passage from the New Testament Gospel of Matthew. c. The Greek practice of nominating a patriarch to administer the city. d. increasingly organized, with important roles for previous outcasts such as women, slaves, and Jews. 7. I. Religious teachings encouraged extraordinary feats of self-denial and self-abatement. II. The increasing worldliness of the church and a hunger to transform lives in accordance with the will of God. Which of the above was the general motivation behind the Christian monasticism of the fourth, fifth, and
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2008 for the course HIST 1011 taught by Professor Hanson during the Fall '08 term at Saint Joseph's University.

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HIS1011_Exam2_2007-1 - Western Civ I(His 1011 Exam#2 M...

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