EXAM REVIEW - Chapter 1: What is psychology? The scientific...

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Chapter 1: What is psychology? The scientific study of human behavior and mental processes Is psychology a science? yes Can you tell the difference between basic and applied research? Applied: research that aims to solve practical human problems Basic: “pure science” research that tests theories and builds a foundation of knowledge. What are the different specialties in pysc? Health Psychologists Neuropsychologists Forensic Psychologists Counseling Psychology Assist people with adjustment disorders. Experimental Psychology Specialize in research methodology and study learning, sensation, motivation and emotion. Developmental Psychology Study how people grow physically, linguistically, cognitively, morally, etc. Educational Study teaching and learning. School Provide consultation to teachers/parents and assess children in school settings. Industrial/Organizational Specialize in the relationship between people and their work environment. Human Factors Study the interface between people and machines. What are the components of the scientific method? World events, personal experiences, past research findings, logic and common sense Theory Hypothesis Empirical research Theory is supported, discarded or revised and retested. Do you know the difference between experimental and descriptive research? Experimental: to test hypothesis about cause and effect inorder to establixh that one factor can cause another. Descriptive: To describe the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors of an individual or group using case studies, surveys, and naturalistic observations. Can you recognize a dependent vs independent variable? Dependent: a variable that is being measured in an experiment Independent: the manipulated variable. What is correlation? What does the # between -1 and 1 mean? A statistical measure of the extent to which two factors are associated. The extent of correlation, left to right increasing +; left to right decreasing - What is the IRB?
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International Review board? Chapter 2: Do you know the 3 functions of the nervous system? Peripheral Nervous System (PNS) Relays messages between CNS and sensory organs, muscles, and glands. Has two components: somatic nervous system - controls voluntary movements of skeletal muscles. autonomic nervous system - controls glands and muscles of internal organs - mostly involuntary, but we can consciously override. Sympathetic nervous system arouses us for defensive action. Readies the body for “fight or flight” response. Parasympathetic nervous system helps us conserve energy - it calms you. Central Nervous System:
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EXAM REVIEW - Chapter 1: What is psychology? The scientific...

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