06_strategies

06_strategies - 8/15/10 Strategies: Outline What are...

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8/15/10 1 Strategies: Outline Definition and Protocompetencies Attention Strategies Memory Strategies Semantic networks Categorical organization Strategy Selection Training and Deficiencies 2 What are strategies? Goal-directed operations Aid task performance Deliberate Conscious Develop over time - increase in complexity and efficiency 3 Infant problem solving Search for ‘protocompetencies’ Basic concepts Cause and effect Separate means from ends Engage in goal-directed behavior By the end of the first year, showing some problem solving and strategies 4 5 Attention Strategies: Selecting the important information Miller (1981) Attention Strategies: Selecting the important information Told children to remember the things that had to do with one of the categories. Each door had a picture on it. Can open whichever doors they want. 6 Miller (1981) Attention Strategies: Selecting the important information Under 5 – would open all the doors. One row at a time. Transition around 6 – some selective By 7, very selective studying of relevant information 7 Miller (1981)
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8/15/10 2 Memory Strategies Store information in a meaningful way Retrieve it when needed 8 Spatial Strategies Children aged as young as 2 years old show some spontaneous spatial organization and strategic approach to memory tasks By 5 years old will spontaneously sort canisters to remember which ones are ‘important’ 9 Store it in a meaningful way Long Term memory is primarily stored semantically (by meaning) Semantic networks Organize at study Cluster at retrieval 10 Semantic Processing Based on knowledge base meaning of related words
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This note was uploaded on 08/22/2010 for the course PSC PSC141 taught by Professor Victoria during the Summer '10 term at UC Davis.

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06_strategies - 8/15/10 Strategies: Outline What are...

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