03_sociocultural - Theories presented Sociocultural Theory...

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4/4/10 1 Theories presented Sociocultural Theory Lev Vygotsky Constructivist Theory Piaget Information Processing Approach Computer model Atkinson and Shiffrin 1 Outline – Sociocultural Theory Definitions and Themes Mechanisms of change Zone of proximal development and Scaffolding Contexts of Development Cultural Tools and Language Apprenticeship in Thinking Educational Implications 2 Sociocultural Perspectives Lev Vygotsky 1896-1934 3
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4/4/10 2 A little biographical info Born in 1896 in Belarus (part of the Russian Empire) Studied Law at University of Moscow Taught at a high school and teacher’s college Worked at Moscow Institute of Psychology and integrated Marxist philosophy into Psychology In 1936, Soviet Govt banned his work – IQ tests are ‘uncommunist’ 4 Vygotsky’s Sociocultural Theory As children become exposed to and participate in their culture, they internalize and adopt more mature and effective ways of thinking and problem solving with respect to their circumstance. 5 Cognition is about… …solving real world problems Therefore, our understanding of cognition should focus on culturally valued activities Emphasis on the child in context Culture Language, tools, buildings, values, beliefs Accumulated over many generations 6
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4/4/10 3 Mechanisms of development Cognitive development occurs in social interaction Development occurs via the internalization of socially shared processes Through observation of skilled members of the community Social plane internalized to psychological plane 7 Zone of Proximal Development Difference between
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