Frankenstein

Frankenstein - 1 Frankenstein 1818 Full Title: Frankenstein...

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Frankenstein 1818 Full Title: Frankenstein – The Modern Prometheus Nature vs. Nurture Reaction against reason, the monster is a force of anti-rationalism Example of Romantic Literature rejecting the previous period of the age of reason o Against the idea that reason is our guide o About fear, an emotion Romantic poets were interested in the natural world, in love, affection, but also about the emotions on the other side of the coin, fear Science is the enemy o Tries to control human life Precursor to Gothic Fiction As Mary gets older and more conservative, in future editions, she made Victor more heroic and less culpable. Less radical and controversial than when she was 19. 1831 Mary revised novel to make Victor/ Walton seem more heroic. “Ardent desire for acquisition of knowledge” and “…the Angel of Destruction, which asserted omnipotent sway over me…led me to … natural philosophy.” o Doctrine of Two Spheres – belief that women and men’s interests diverge - men versus women, masculinity versus femininity o Women: virginity, submissiveness, weak, dependent, and timid o Men: No sissy stuff, confident, self-reliant, aggressive, competitive no close personal relationships Mary Wollostonecraft Shelley (1797 – 1851) Her parents were liberals Mother: Mary Wollstonecraft o Wrote “Vindication of the Rights of Women” – a seminal work on feminism Very important work in Romantic period because it relates to equality Dies when Mary is 11 days old Father: William Goodwin o Did not believe in marriage o believed in the inherent decency of human beings Mary sort of rejects he parents and becomes very conservative Being an orphan affects Mary o Longs for maternal love like the monster in Frankenstein o There are missing mothers or dying mothers all over the book Meets husband Percy Shelley a great Romantic poet Mary spends lots of time at her mothers grave – that is where Shelley first sees her Elopes with Shelley and moves to Geneva unmarried o Summer of 1816 begins novel It was raining, and Byron and other literati were bored and decided to write a ghost story to see who could write the scariest. Percy Shelley’s role in the revision – added big words made it high browed Frankenstein is published anonymously in 1818 By age 22, Mary had given birth to 3 children, all die 1
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Only surviving son born in 1822 Percy Shelley dies 1822 (Mary was 25) Percy’s father did not want his son’s works published because they were too radical and atheist. Told Mary that if she published, she would not get any $$ Mary wrote 5 additional novels and some short stories o “The Last Man” written in 1826 was a reaction against Reason. Her son Percy was devoted to her and took care of her till her death.
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Frankenstein - 1 Frankenstein 1818 Full Title: Frankenstein...

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