PolSci Notes 3

PolSci Notes 3 - C Rep GOP Const Pol Fed Congress...

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C Congress Rep Representative GOP Republican Reps Const Constitutition Pol Political Fed Federal/Federalist I. Representative Types – how people are arranged in order to be represented A. Sociological Representation 1. People are grouped and represented by officials similar in background, interests, perspectives i. Race ii. Ethnicity iii. Gender iv. Religion v. Education vi. Pro-life/pro-choice B. Agency Representation – people with widely different characteristics formally bound together and represented. Representatives are accountable to those he/she represents. 2. Artificial political boundaries i. States ii. Legislative districts II. Representative Roles – How an individual represents a group which is either sociologically or agency based. A. Agent – representative is a mouth piece for his/her group B. Trustee – Uses best judgment and knowledge to act in what he/she considers the best interests of the group
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III. Sources of Congress’s Governing Authority A. Passes Laws – only means by which the constitution gives congress to use it’s enumerated powers B. Oversight of government – congress does this through hearings and investigations. 1. Congress has the authority to grant committees the authority to take oaths, subpoena witnesses, cross examine, compel testimony, bring criminal charges for contempt or perjury. C. Debate – produces a record of legislative intent which can affect administration of the laws and judicial decisions. D. Direct Committee Government – either the house or the senate can delegate certain powers to a committee. E. Legislative Veto – congress passed laws delegating authority to the president but with ability of congress to veto his action. F. Senate authority to 1. Approve treaties and agreements 2. Approve judicial and executive branch nominees
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IV. Congressional Eras A. Traditional (1789 – 1932) 1. Congress is dominant 2. Congress established its own leadership and committee systems a. Represent national coalitions b. Wars occurred from congressional initiative c. Sectional compromises i. Missouri, Tariff, 1850 B. Modern (1933 – 1968) 1. Great Depression, WWII, Cold War 2. President became dominant 3. Congress delegated substantial powers or authority to the President a. President initiated war i. WWII ii. Korea iii. Vietnam C. Post Modern (1969 – Current) 1. Vietnam and Watergate caused congressional suspicion of presidential authority. 2. There has been a congressional and presidential competition in foreign affairs. 3. President is stronger institutionally than during Traditional Era, but president is weaker politically than in modern era.
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V. Constitutional Authority of Congress A. Passes Federal Government Budget B. Approves all federal government spending C. Enacts all taxes/Revenues D. Regulates Interstate and Foreign Commerce E. Enacts Tariffs F. Authorizes hostilities and war G. Originates Constitutional Amendments H. Approves executive agreements I. Senate Approves Treaties J. Senate approves Executive and Judicial Branch nominees
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VI. Building Blocks of congressional Organization
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PolSci Notes 3 - C Rep GOP Const Pol Fed Congress...

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