PoliSci Note Set 1

PoliSci Note Set 1 - 1 I. Theory of Politics A. Pluralism...

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I. Theory of Politics A. Pluralism – dominant explanation of Politics - Politics is competition or conflict among interest groups. Political decision making (dm) is characterized by compromise and bargaining. Actors are groups. B. In this view no one group of people who share an interest or goals can determine policy or laws in the US. Som many groups exist that must compromise and bargain to get their points enacted. C. Elitism – opposing view 1. Politics is determined by a small number of people (or gropus) who exercise power to promote their self interest. “The people with the deep pockets run government.” II. Power D. Attributional Definition of Power – Actors use resources use to achieve goals. 1. Resources do not have the same value everywhere. 2. From an international relations view, to possess power you must have certain attributes: Oil, landmass, population, economy, etc. a) There are historical examples where the actor with most power does not win: The US, a colony beats the UK, the Vietnamese win against the US. E. Relational Definition of Power – ability of actor A to get actor B to act in ways it would not act in the absence of Actor A to achieve the goals of actor A. It is goal oriented behavior. (emphasize this definition of power for class) 3. Context is important. a) What are the other relations that exist? (Cuba an embargo example) F. One of the major reasons for lack of economic growth is the lack of protection of property. If there is no protection for what I work for, then why should I work. III. Liberalism - Dominant ideology in the US G. Liberalism (Analytical) – (Consider rules of Monopoly that try to create legal equality.) 1. Actors possess materials and non material resources and rights over them. 2. Actors are equal. 3. Actors are individualistic, atomistic, independent, autonomous. Your are not supposed to be part of a corporation or group. 4. Actors possess interests/preferences 5. Actors pursue interests rationally 6. Actors have equality of opportunity (depends on 1 – 5.) NOT equality of outcome! 7. Values/resources are limited/scarce 8. Competition is normal – actors competing is normal 1
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9. Aggregate of individual actions creates environmental outcomes or characteristics. B. Liberalism as applied to economy: Self Regulating Markets – “The Firm” theory of microeconomics - Aggregate actions of all the participants creates the environment in which they function. 2
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H. Extreme Right 1. Fascism (Nation – national community ) 2. Nazism (Racial heirarchy) I. Extreme Left 1. Communism (Class heirarchy) a) only working class is important 1. Stalin J. Centrist 2. Representative Government 3. Civil Liberties K. Totalitarianism 4. One party 5. Dictatorships 6. reject representative government 7. reject civil liberties For Gov regulation of Economy Against regulation of Economy Communist Nazi Fascist Republican Party Democratic Party Green Party Libertarian Party 3 Liberalism Communism
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PoliSci Note Set 1 - 1 I. Theory of Politics A. Pluralism...

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