Reasoning: Arguing CogentlyBy David Roberts, UR Writing Fellow(printable version here)Academic writing requires writers to make claims and support them using evidence of one kind or another. When writers emThree Characteristics of Good ArgumentsA cogent argument has three characteristics, according to Kahane and Cavender (1998):1. All its premises are true. The premise(s), the reasons for accepting the conclusion(s), must be true – or, at least, believab2. It considers all relevant information. Good arguments also consider all information likely to be relevant. This includes ad3. It is logically valid. Validity, defined very loosely, means that the premises do, in fact, give readers reason to accept the cA Good Argument and a Bad ArgumentConsider the following two arguments. The first argument displays good reasoning and the second demonstrates fallacious1. If it is raining, then the ground is wet. 2. It is raining. 3. Therefore, the ground is wet.
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