class06 - Language https:/classesv2.yale.edu/portal/ G o to...

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1 Language https://classesv2.yale.edu/portal/ • Go to “Announcements” -- minor change to syllabus -- note-taking opportunity -- Pinker reading is on p. 97 -- only 9 reading responses needed
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2 The girl thinks that the house is big Language
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3 Language • Basic facts about language • What do all languages share? • How does language develop? • Language and communication in non- humans Basic facts about language “Man has an instinctive tendency to speak, as we see in the babble of our young children, while no child has an instinctive tendency to bake, brew, or write”
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4 Basic facts about language • Every human society has language Cultural innovation? No -- creation of language in a single generation pidgin --> creole (creolization) • Every normal human has language
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5 What do all languages share? The pig is eager to eat What do all languages share? The pig is easy to eat
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6 What do all languages share? The pig is easy to eat Bill knew that John liked him What do all languages share? The pig is easy to eat Bill knew that John liked him
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7 What do all languages share? The pig is easy to eat Bill knew that John liked himself What do all languages share? The pig is easy to eat Bill knew that John liked himself
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8 What do all languages share? SYNTAX I MORPHOLOGY I PHONOLOGY What do all languages share?
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9 Phonology • Basic sounds (and signs) • Languages choose different subsets • No real boundaries between words; children have to learn to segment speech as part of language learning Phonology, cont. Children’s problems with segmentation “I’ll never be your pizza burnin’” “A girl with colitis goes by” “The ants are my friends; they’re blowing in the wind” “Our father with Bart in heaven; Harold be they name … Lead us not into Penn Station”
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1 0 She’s the kind of girl you read about in ____ Newsweek magazine New Wave magazines Usually saved by top-down processing Morphology A neat trick: Ferdinand de Saussure: “the arbitrariness of the sign” Morphemes: smallest meaningful unit, e.g., Single morphemes: Dog, complain
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class06 - Language https:/classesv2.yale.edu/portal/ G o to...

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