inferential errors.htm - Reasoning: General Inferential...

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Unformatted text preview: Reasoning: General Inferential Errors By David Roberts, UR Writing Fellow ( printable version here ) The process of inference reasoning to conclusions based upon evidence is an essential element in academic writing. U Affirming the Consequent Affirming the consequent occurs when writers are discussing if-then relationships and infer too much from the knowledge An if-then relationship involves two parts: the antecedent and the consequent. In: If it is raining, the ground is wet, the if part of the sentence is the antecedent and the then part is the consequent. When writers affirm the consequent, they take the truth of the then part to infer something about the "if" part: "The ground is wet. Therefore, it is raining." The problem, of course, is that something else could make the ground wet. The sprinkler system could be on, or someone Denying the Antecedent A related error occurs when one infers that, because the if part of the sentence is false, the then part must also be false.A related error occurs when one infers that, because the if part of the sentence is false, the then part must also be false....
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This note was uploaded on 08/24/2010 for the course ENGLISH ENG100H1S taught by Professor Prof during the Spring '10 term at University of Toronto- Toronto.

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