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Outline- lecture 4- Liberalsim

Outline- lecture 4- Liberalsim - -Liberalism summary o...

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Lecture 4: Liberalism Liberalism - Doyle’s threefold set of liberal rights: negative freedoms, positive freedoms, and democratic participation/representation (are these rights compatible?) - What is liberalism in the international context? - Philosophical roots: Locke, Rousseau, Smith, Kant, Wilson o John Locke, the social contract and the concept of natural rights (life, liberty and property) o Rousseau: domestic structures matter o Adam Smith: trade will increase the cost of war and thus create an incentive for minimizing violent conflict. o Wilson: the 14 points - Important terms and questions: o Social contract o Perpetual Peace o 14 Points o Collective security o Does democracy lead to peace? - Neo-Liberalism- what structural conditions favor cooperation? o Robert Keohane o Liberal Institutionalism - Neo realism vs. neo liberalism: relative vs. absolute gains
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Unformatted text preview: -Liberalism- summary: o Actors are rational and follow self interest o Private interest does not necessarily contradict collective interest; in fact as an aggregate self interest is in harmony with the collective good o Actors would prefer to avoid conflict if it affects their prosperity and well being (absolute gains) o The collective will is rational and prudent; narrow interest on the other hand can distort these tendencies o Actors’ interests are shaped and constrained by institutions o The right kind of institutions (democracy; international organizations) can mitigate conflict by better reflecting the collective will; the absence of such institutions or the corruption of such institutions can allow conflict to continue...
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