Reasoning: Methods of Argument & Avoiding FallaciesBy David Roberts, UR Writing Fellow(printable version here)When arguing, sometimes one person says to the other, “Well, that’s just your opinion. Maybe it’s right for you.” These stateWays to support an argument1. AnalogyMaking an argument through analogy involves comparing two objects (events, situations, people, and the like) and arguing“We should keep our books from last semester; giving them back to the bookstore is just like giving them away anyway, anThe person making this claim begins with the premise that one situation – giving books away – is wrong, and argues that aAnalogies are important to one’s argument, but it is all too easy to improperly apply one situation to another. One must dete2. Example/DetailIn some cases analogies will be less applicable than in others. Instead of using analogies, writers may find it useful to use e“This class is really hard. I spent two hours a night studying for the past week and I still got a C on the last test!”
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