Art, Robert Four Functions of Force

Art, Robert Four Functions of Force - carried out; second...

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Type Purpose Mode Targets Characteristics Defensive Fend off attacks and/or reduce damage of an attack Peaceful and physical Can be both repellent (second) strikes or offensive (first) strikes if belief that attack is inevitable Primarily military Secondarily industrial Defensive preparations can have dissuasion value; Defensive preparations can look aggressive; First strikes can be taken for defence Deterrent Prevent adversary from initiating an action due to threat of retaliation Peaceful Primarily civilian Tertiary military Threats of retaliation made as not to have to be
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Unformatted text preview: carried out; second strike preparations can be viewed as the strike preparations Compellent Get adversary to stop doing what something or start doing something Peaceful and physical All three with no clear ranking Easy to recognize but hard to achieve; Competent action can be justified on defensive grounds Swaggering Enhance prestige Think: show off, peacock feathers Peaceful None Difficult to describe because of instrumental and irrational nature; Swaggering can be threatening Four Functions of Force By Robert J. Art...
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Art, Robert Four Functions of Force - carried out; second...

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