Reading for Week 15: Conclusion
Democracies of the World Unite by Ivo Daalder and James Lindsay:
The author(s) criticized the Bush Administration’s policies after 9/11 as they had resulted
in an America unbound alienated allies, empowered adversaries and divided Americans.
The Bush revolution in foreign policies is over now and in its second term, the Bush
Administration realized what its critics had long argued; “The US must be powerful, but
not omnipotent, and thus it needed to work closely with others if wanted to solve the
foreign policy challenges now confronting it.”
Further criticizing, the writer(s) acknowledged that the Bush Administration never fully
understood the term ‘multilateralism;’ therefore, its so-called renewed foreign policy
mostly involved traditional diplomacy, typically only with close US allies, and almost
always on an
, problem-oriented tactical basis. It lacked a strategic vision for long-
The Bush Administration’s foreign policy did not suit the needs for the 21
was therefore, outdated.
The writer(s) then turn to their thesis saying that we need international institutions that
are most capable and effective to prevent and if necessary, respond to the threat of
Thus, we need
A Concert of Democracies,
which brings together the world’s established
democracies into a single institution dedicated to joint action.
Democracies share the most important value of all – a common dedication to ensuring the
life, liberty, and happiness of free people. There, it can best meet the challenges of
today’s global politics.
Why Cooperation Matters:
We need cooperation as “the US cannot go it all alone in the world” to solve all
problems….problems such as terrorism, deadly diseases, worldwide pandemics,
environment issues, etc…
We need multilateral cooperation in a world where a problem easily crosses borders…
Therefore, some realists argue for a new concert of power in the world, which includes
countries such as the US, Russia, Europe, China, India, and Japan…these democratic