Functions of Force

Functions of Force - .Art Thesis: ,andthepower/

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
“The Four Functions of Force” by Robert J. Art Thesis: analyse the various forms under which force can be utilized. It’s important to note that the author is using a realist framework with which to build his case.  Assumptions he is making revolve around relative power versus absolute power, and the power/ glory/security-seeking behaviour of states. States are also the only actor spoken of in the text,  as the functions only relate to inter-state relations in an anarchic system. Defense The purpose of this function of force is to ward off or minimize the damage caused by a rival  state’s attack. It can either be reactive (retaliation against invading forces) or proactive. (first  strike to neutralize enemy’s capability to attack). - Preemptive first strike: Performed under the imminent threat of attack by a rival (days,  perhaps weeks before they attack), this attack may not be as well planned as other  offensives but is deemed unavoidable. - Preventative first strike: Seen under the context of inevitable conflict, (months, perhaps  even years before the danger) the state moves to attack before their rival can bring  about the capabilities to threaten them. The targets of defensive actions are generally the enemy’s military forces, with secondary  targets involving the industrial capacity necessary to wage war. Civilians are not targeted except  as collateral damage. Deterrence
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 08/26/2010 for the course POLI 244 taught by Professor Saideman during the Fall '07 term at McGill.

Page1 / 4

Functions of Force - .Art Thesis: ,andthepower/

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online