Strategic Logic of Suicide Terrorism

Strategic Logic of Suicide Terrorism - The Strategic Logic...

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The Strategic Logic of Suicide Terrorism – Robert Pape In the last 30 years, suicide terrorism has increasingly been used in political and ideological conflicts. Although terrorism itself has decreased in numbers, suicide terrorism has grown in recent years. Most studies focus on individual motives like religious indoctrination and psychological pre- disposition of suicide bombers but do not address further factors. Suicide terrorists come from a wide range of backgrounds and are not constrained solely to Is- lamic fundamentalism. Most suicide terrorism is tactical and is done to achieve a specific goal or objective and are thus rational from the leadership perspective but irrational to the individual attacker. * Thus, irrational attacks by individual attackers are made to demonstrate that more attacks will come from the terrorist leadership. * Suicide terrorism is a coercive tool used as a weapon. Principle Findings of logic of suicide terrorism: 1.) Suicide terrorism is strategic. 2.) Strategic logic of suicide terrorism is specifically designed to coerce modern democracies to territorial concessions (Chechnya, Lebanon, Sri Lanka). 3.) There has been a rise in suicide terrorism in the last 20 years because terrorists are finding out that it works to compel nations to listen to them. 4.) On the whole, heavy suicide terrorist campaigns are less likely to work because countries will
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Strategic Logic of Suicide Terrorism - The Strategic Logic...

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