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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 7 The End of The Developmental State Outline 1. Opening Thoughts 2. Crisis of the State in Africa 3. State Strength 4. Authoritarianism in the Third World 5. The Overdeveloped State? 6. The Importance of State Capacity 7. Concentration of Power 8. Class Politics in the Third World 9. Africa Against the Tide 10. International Obstacles to Developmental States 11. The Balance of Power in the Global Political Economy Opening Thoughts At the present time, in most third world countries, neoclassical reforms have spawned constituencies o These reforms create opponents who are increasingly active and organized o But while the multifarious opposition to the neoclassical model of globalization has yet to produce a common agenda, many in its ranks still tend to favor a form of statist development model . Tendency to look to a state-led model as an attractive alternative to the neoclassical approach But how realistic is this in much of the third world today? o Not very, because in the least developed countries, ones in which neoclassical reforms have been least promising (i.e. Africa), it is doubtful that a bunch of states could presently implement a state-led approach to development This is due to government lacking an essential feature in developmental states: strength and hardness o Strength has arisen from a marriage between a technocratic state and a well organized indigenous capitalist class o The economic and political weakness of the indigenous capitalists in much of the third world seem to preclude developmental states from emerging in many more countries at this time. UP Crisis of the State in Africa If a state is to implement IIM it must have: 1. Authority to impose itself on the private sector 2. Resources, such as trained personnel and support staff, office and communications equipment, transportation and information to govern society as extensively as an interventionist state does 3. Power to direct and indeed transform society, enforcing law and regulating business and personal transitions Skeptics in Africa doubt that the developmental state can be anything more than a good idea in countries where the state is in crisis or near collapse. Most African bureaucracies are understaffed, with poorly paid and often poorly qualified civil servants working with insufficient resources and outdated equipment. o The African state can barely keep up with the demands of the rapidly growing cities for proper sanitation, policing, schools, transportation, electricity, and water supplies. Corruption and abuse of power are so widespread that citizens in many African countries regard their state with suspicion o Avoid state by smuggling, evading taxes, and ignoring the law as much as possible....
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This note was uploaded on 08/26/2010 for the course IDS 200 taught by Professor Pushkar during the Fall '10 term at McGill.
- Fall '10