Chapter8(bis) - Chapter 8: The End of Development, or a New...

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Chapter 8: The End of Development, or a New Beginning? The developmental state was the last of the traditional state-led development models. Its critique has run its course with the emergence of post-development thought, which originated at the end of communism. Although theorists differ over how to attain the goal of development, or how to measure it, they all tend to agree that development means rising living standards, manifested by rising incomes, and improved health, nutrition, education and personal development. It is suggested that the goal of rising improving living standards is based on arbitrary and unjustified claims regarding the desirability of development. Post-development theorists maintain that the goal of development is closely linked to modernization, which entails the extension of the controls of the western world and national allies over autonomous communities. This means that all “development projects” are meant to consolidate the power of ruling elites, any improvement in living standards that comes as a result of these projects are usually a secondary effect. Post-development thought has brought about concern for the emergence of the anti-globalization movement. It seems neo- liberalism, development and globalization as evils that destruct traditional societies and natural environments. Most of the resistance to development doesn’t come from “traditional areas” but rather from urban centers in the first world. The problems seen by anti-globalizers resemble the prescription issued by post-development though: “a repudiation of meta- narratives and an emphasis on the particular”. Meaning that there is not solely one effective model of development. Local resistance to modernization and development can now be seen as outcries against the encroaching hegemony of state- based capital elites. Post-development thought has a thesis that development represents the joining of informal economies into networks of commodity circulation; drawing more and more people into the formal sector, rather than meaning improvements in living standards. Those formerly within the informal sector who now have jobs earn an income and pay taxes. Official statistics record that the economy has grown, but sometimes progress for the state can mean a step backward for a small segment of society. (ie; a working mother who used to be a house wife cannot provide the same maintenance of the household or healthy meals for her
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This note was uploaded on 08/26/2010 for the course IDS 200 taught by Professor Pushkar during the Fall '10 term at McGill.

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Chapter8(bis) - Chapter 8: The End of Development, or a New...

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