Chapter8

Chapter8 - Chapter 8: The End Of Development or a New...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 8: The End Of Development or a New Beginning? - End of 20 th C- populism was making a comeback in many countries- mostly in Latin America o Populist governments largely have adhered fairly closely to neoclassical model of development - Development- understood to mean rising living standards, which would manifest themselves in rising incomes, which in turn would translate into improved health, nutrition, education, and personal autonomy Emergence of Postdevelopment Thought - Originated at the margins of development thought around the time of the end of communism - Poststructuralism- proposes that development is an arbitrary concept that reflects the interests of its practitioners o Rooted in something of a tautology: people seek development because it is desirable and we know it is desirable because people seek it - Post development theorists: goal of development is intimately linked to modernization- entails the extension of control of the Western world and its nationalist allies in the developing countries - Development projects principal aim: the incorporation of previously autonomous communities within the networks of power of the nation-state - Postdevelopment thought- began as a series of discrete innovations emerging from intellectual traditions - Rise to prominence of postdevelopmental thought reflects broader trends of concern to development theorist o Emergence of antiglobalization movement in 1990s and attendant critique of globalization preoccupy development theorists, particularly in the wake of the Asian financial crisis o Stiglitz- represents the mainstream of non-neoclassical development thought- rejects neoclassical remedies but has no objection to either globalization or development - Antiglobalization movements tended to conflate neoliberalism, globalization and development o Sees development as destructive of traditional societies and natural environments o Boomed after the Asian crisis
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
o Calls for reassertion of local autonomy in what it sees as the homogenizing and neocolonial tendencies of globalization o Some development theorist point to the ambiguities in the portrayal of popular resistance to neocolonialism and western hegemony - Much of the resistance to development now comes not from “traditional areas” but from urban activists in the first world - Antiglobalizers resemble the prescription of postdevelopment thought: repudiation of meta-narratives and an emphasis on the particular - Local resistance to modernization and development is reinterpreted as the product of liberating impulses that reject the encroaching hegemony of state-based and capitalist elites - Thesis that development does not necessarily represent an amelioration of living standards, but rather the incorporation of previously informal economies into the networks of commodity circulation, poses a challenge to development thought o Ex: North American Free Trade Area- although bringing real benefits to Mexico, once other variables are factored in such as increased job insecurity and added work
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 08/26/2010 for the course IDS 200 taught by Professor Pushkar during the Fall '10 term at McGill.

Page1 / 8

Chapter8 - Chapter 8: The End Of Development or a New...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online