E316K-KT6 - E 316K - Masterworks of American Literature 6:...

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E 316K - Masterworks of American Literature 6: "I Dwell in Possibility" > Key Terms Individualism - Individualism is the moral stance, political philosophy , ideology, or social outlook that stresses "the moral worth of the individual ". [1] Individualists promote the exercise of one's goals and desires and so independence and self-reliance [2] while opposing most external interference upon one's own interests, whether by society , family or any other group or institution . [2] Materialism - In philosophy , the theory of materialism holds that the only thing that exists is matter ; that all things are composed of material and all phenomena (including consciousness ) are the result of material interactions. In other words, matter is the only substance . As a theory, materialism is a form of physicalism and belongs to the class of monist ontology . As such, it is different from ontological theories based on dualism or pluralism . For singular explanations of the phenomenal reality, materialism would be in contrast to idealism , neutral monism and spiritualism . Naturalism - Naturalism was a literary movement taking place from 1880s to 1940s that used detailed realism to suggest that social conditions, heredity, and environment had inescapable force in shaping human character. It was depicted as a literary movement that seeks to replicate a believable everyday reality , as opposed to such movements as Romanticism or Surrealism , in which subjects may receive highly symbolic, idealistic, or even supernatural treatment. Naturalism is the outgrowth of Realism , a prominent literary movement in mid- 19th-century France and elsewhere. Naturalistic writers were influenced by the evolution theory of Charles Darwin . [1] ©2008 by The University of Texas at Austin. All rights reserved. Published 2008. Printed in the United States of America
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Romanticism - Romanticism or Romantic Era is a complex artistic, literary, and intellectual movement that originated in the second half of the 18th century in Europe , and gained strength in reaction to the Industrial Revolution . [1
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E316K-KT6 - E 316K - Masterworks of American Literature 6:...

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