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Lecture4.2 - TEL2813/IS2820 Security Management CostBenefit...

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    TEL2813/IS2820  Security Management Cost-Benefit Analysis Net Present Value Model, Internal Rate of Return Model Return on Investment (Based on Book by Gordon and Loeb) Feb 14, 2006
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    Cost-benefit framework CBA  widely accepted economic principle for  managing organizational resources Requires  cost  of activity compared with the  benefit Cost  >  Benefit ? Cost  <  Benefit ? Cost  =  Benefit ?
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    Cyber security Cost Operating Cost Expenditure that will benefit a single period’s  operations (one fiscal year) E.g., cost of patching software to correct breaches in the  fiscal year Capital Investment Expenditure that will benefit for several periods  (Appears in balance sheet) E.g., purchase of an IDS system (+ personnel  cost)  Expect to work at least next few years
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    Cyber security Cost Capital investments lose their economic  values Portion of the investment that has been lost during  a particular period is charged to that period In practice,  the distinction is not straightforward Some argue  Most Cyber security expenditure are  operating costs However, they have spill over effect – hence could be  treated as  capital investment Middle ground !!
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    Cyber security Cost :  In practice Most org. treat cyber security expenditure as  Operating costs Accounting and tax rules allow/motivate By expensing these costs in the year of expenditure, tax  savings are realized immediately Distinction is good (recommended) From planning perspective A good approach View all as capital investments with varying time  horizons OC becomes a special case of CI
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    Cost (C) vs. Benefit (B) Assume  B and C can be assessed for different level of 
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