Chapter 4 SG - Chapter 4 Carbon- backbone of biological...

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Chapter 4 Carbon- backbone of biological molecules; makes possible diversity in organisms, esp. through evolution Organic Chemistry- the study of carbon compounds… Vitalism- the first discipline where a belief in a life force exists outside the physical and the chemical laws Friedrich Wohler- German chemist that tried to make inorganic salt (ammonium cyanate) by mixing ammonium ions and cyanate, but found urea which started to breakdown vitalism; with confirmation from Miller and Urey (U of Chi-town) mechanism came Mechanism- view that all natural phenomena, including life processes, are governed by physical and chemical laws Tetravalence- allows for multiple bonds to form with carbon due to its 4 valence electrons; makes infinitely many* complex molecules CO 2 - inorganic because it is a simple molecule that lacks hydrogen ??? Hydrocarbons- organic molecules consisting of H and C only; major component of petroleum (fossil fuel); present in fats a. Hydrophobic because of the Nonpolar C—H linkages; when broken, releases large amount of energy
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Chapter 4 SG - Chapter 4 Carbon- backbone of biological...

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