High blood pressure(hypertension)
, defined as a repeatedly elevated blood
pressure exceeding 140 over 90 mmHg a systolic pressure above 140 with a diastolic
pressure above 90.It is dangerous because it causes an excessive amount of pressure on
artery walls. Uncontrolled hypertension is a very dangerous health condition. Untreated
high blood pressure can cause a host of other medical problems(aneyrism, stroke, heart
To help prevent hypertension, watch what you eat and drink. The AHA recommends
women have no more than one alcoholic drink per day and men have no more than two.
Choose foods low in cholesterol, saturated fat and salt. The Food and Drug
Administration classifies low cholesterol foods as those with 20 mg. or less per serving,
low fat as 3 grams or less per serving, and low sodium as 140 mg. or less. Serum
cholesterol level was linked to the development of hypertension in a 2005 study by the
Harvard Medical School affiliate Brigham and Women's Hospital. Eating a diet low in
cholesterol and fat can help lower your blood cholesterol level.
If you are overweight, lose the extra pounds. According to Dr. Norman Kaplan, Clinical
Professor of Internal Medicine at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center,
"blood pressure falls by about 1 mmHg for every 2.2 pounds of weight lost, an effect that
is consistent for both men and women and for people of different ethnicities."
Become more active. The Mayo Clinic recommends 30 to 60 minutes of exercise every
day and states this can lower your blood pressure up to nine points in just a few weeks.
You will reap this benefit from any type of aerobic exercise, from walking to raking the
The most common type of cancer on the list is lung cancer, with more than 222,000
new cases expected in the United States in 2010. The cancer with the lowest incidence is
leukemia. Leukemia as a cancer type includes acute lymphoblastic (or lymphoid)
leukemia, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, acute myeloid leukemia, chronic myelogenous
(or myeloid) leukemia, and other forms of leukemia. It is estimated that 43,050 new cases
of leukemia will be diagnosed in the United States in 2010, with chronic lymphocytic
leukemia being the most common type (approximately 14,990 new cases).
Because colon and rectal cancers are often referred to as "colorectal cancers," these two
cancer types are combined for the list. For 2010, the estimated number of new cases of
colon cancer and rectal cancer are 102,900 and 39,670, respectively, adding to a total of
142,570 new cases of colorectal cancer.
Kidney cancers can be divided into two major groups, renal parenchyma cancers and
renal pelvis cancers. Approximately 85 percent of kidney cancers develop in the renal