major diseases(cancer,diabetes)

major diseases(cancer,diabetes) - 1. High blood...

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1. High blood pressure(hypertension) , defined as a repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceeding 140 over 90 mmHg a systolic pressure above 140 with a diastolic pressure above 90.It is dangerous because it causes an excessive amount of pressure on artery walls. Uncontrolled hypertension is a very dangerous health condition. Untreated high blood pressure can cause a host of other medical problems(aneyrism, stroke, heart attack, etc). To help prevent hypertension, watch what you eat and drink. The AHA recommends women have no more than one alcoholic drink per day and men have no more than two. Choose foods low in cholesterol, saturated fat and salt. The Food and Drug Administration classifies low cholesterol foods as those with 20 mg. or less per serving, low fat as 3 grams or less per serving, and low sodium as 140 mg. or less. Serum cholesterol level was linked to the development of hypertension in a 2005 study by the Harvard Medical School affiliate Brigham and Women's Hospital. Eating a diet low in cholesterol and fat can help lower your blood cholesterol level. If you are overweight, lose the extra pounds. According to Dr. Norman Kaplan, Clinical Professor of Internal Medicine at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, "blood pressure falls by about 1 mmHg for every 2.2 pounds of weight lost, an effect that is consistent for both men and women and for people of different ethnicities." Become more active. The Mayo Clinic recommends 30 to 60 minutes of exercise every day and states this can lower your blood pressure up to nine points in just a few weeks. You will reap this benefit from any type of aerobic exercise, from walking to raking the yard. 2. The most common type of cancer on the list is lung cancer, with more than 222,000 new cases expected in the United States in 2010. The cancer with the lowest incidence is leukemia. Leukemia as a cancer type includes acute lymphoblastic (or lymphoid) leukemia, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, acute myeloid leukemia, chronic myelogenous (or myeloid) leukemia, and other forms of leukemia. It is estimated that 43,050 new cases of leukemia will be diagnosed in the United States in 2010, with chronic lymphocytic leukemia being the most common type (approximately 14,990 new cases). Because colon and rectal cancers are often referred to as "colorectal cancers," these two cancer types are combined for the list. For 2010, the estimated number of new cases of colon cancer and rectal cancer are 102,900 and 39,670, respectively, adding to a total of 142,570 new cases of colorectal cancer. Kidney cancers can be divided into two major groups, renal parenchyma cancers and renal pelvis cancers. Approximately 85 percent of kidney cancers develop in the renal 1
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parenchyma and nearly all of these cancers are renal cell cancers. The estimated number of new cases of renal cell cancer for 2010 is 49,504. Risk factors
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This note was uploaded on 08/29/2010 for the course ENGINEERIN 305 taught by Professor Martincandell during the Spring '10 term at Rio Hondo College.

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major diseases(cancer,diabetes) - 1. High blood...

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