Mediterranean Society under Greeks and Romans

Mediterranean Society under Greeks and Romans - Greco-Roman...

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Greco-Roman Influence 1 Greco-Roman Influence on Mediterranean Society Your Name Goes Here University of
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2 Greco-Roman Influence on Mediterranean Society The civilizations of Greece were some of the first to emerge in the Mediterranean area. For the purposes of this paper, I shall not consider the very early “Greek” civilizations of Minos and Mycenae, as they were substantially different to those which came later, and which had a more lasting impact on the Mediterranean area. The societies of Classical Greece and the Roman Empire had the most far reaching effects on the societies of the Mediterranean littoral, and hence to the rest of Europe as we know it. According to Garland, “The relationship between the Greeks and the Romans has virtually no parallel in world history. Greece and Rome's relationship resembled a marriage: two distinct personalities competing in some areas, sharing in others, and sometimes creating an entirely new synthesis of the two civilizations.” (Garland, G., Audio Book Lecture) The Ancient Greek period is considered to commence about 1000BC, when the country was organized into small independent city states which formed a series of loose and shifting alliances as best suited their rulers at any particular time. If Greece as a ‘nation. Was to go to war, it was more a collection of minor alliances rather than as a nation state. The system served well enough, but of course that apparent independence of the city state, gave plenty of opportunity for internecine warfare. The Persian wars pose such a great threat to Greece, that in 477 BC, Athens was instrumental in the creation of an alliance known as the Delian League, the purpose of which was to form a cohesive defense against the Persian forces. This alliance was
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This note was uploaded on 08/29/2010 for the course ENGINEERIN 305 taught by Professor Martincandell during the Spring '10 term at Rio Hondo College.

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Mediterranean Society under Greeks and Romans - Greco-Roman...

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