C C 302K Final Review - C C 302K: Final Review 1. Section...

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C C 302K: Final Review 1. Section 1: a. Research Design and permissions for Archaeological Work i. Research Design: the systematic planning of archaeological research, usually including 1. The formulation of a strategy to resolve a particular problem/ question 2. The collection and recording of the evidence 3. The process and analysis of these data and their interpretation 4. Publish findings ii. Permissions: government agencies, landowners 1. Modern governments not so keen to have people coming to dig up the classical past because of the bad reputation from the past 2. In case of classical lands: Greek and Italian governments have antiquity services who administer these permissions 3. Policy that they will issue only a certain number of permits, limited by country. a. Ex: US can only have two teams working 4. Also must go through security clearance 5. Subject to influence by things completely out of the control of archaeologists 6. Take a long time =[ b. Excavation: i. Steps necessary for, Qualifications, cost, etc 1. In order to excavate you much have permission (seen above) from the government 2. Qualifications—must be certified—Professional Archaeology degree and have affiliation with an institution. However, students are allowed to be part of teams. ii. Techniques and Different site types 1. Wheeler-Box Grid a. Description: i. Working in scares ii. Laying out very carefully mapped series of identically sized squares, leaving between them a balk ( sliver of in tack material between excavation squares —allows us to see the stratigraphy) b. Problems: i. Once exposed to the elements, Balks don’t last very long ii. Trenches are dug and then back-filled to protect the balk iii. Labor intensive iv. Balks are not always reliable for information 2. Open-Area Excavation: a. Description: i. Opens up a large horizontal excavation area ii. Don’t dig deep, but wide iii. Can see difference happing at the same time in a larger area b. Problems:
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i. Maybe it’s not possible, especially with large urban areas that are built on top of older cities ii. Very labor intensive iii. Exposed to elements, not able to control things as easily. 3. Test Trenches: a. Mini trenches—helps determine if its worth putting in full sized trenches 4. Sieving: a. Filtering trough the dirt to discern artifacts or possible fragments from all of the other strata in the area. 5. Soil Sample: a. Samples of soil are bagged at the different sratigraphic layers. These are usually processed (using the flotation method) and studies in labs. c. Survey Archaeology: i. Aerial and Ground Reconnaissance, especially intensive survey techniques 1. Aerial—an important survey technique in the discovery and recording of archaeological sites. a.
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C C 302K Final Review - C C 302K: Final Review 1. Section...

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