Lecture 8 Geometric and Orientalizing Greece, Archaic Period-1

Lecture 8 Geometric and Orientalizing Greece, Archaic Period-1

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Unformatted text preview: Geometric and OrientalizingGreece, The Archaic Period February 16, 2010 Periodization of Greek Archaeology (all BCE) ¡ The Bronze Age 3000-1100 ¡ Dark Age 1100-900 ¡ Geometric Period 900-700 ¡ Orientalizing Period 700-600 ¡ Archaic Period 600-480 ¡ Early Classical or Transitional Period 480-450 ¡ High Classical Period 450-400 ¡ The Fourth Century 400-300 ¡ The Hellenistic Period 323-31 The Geometric Period 900-700 BCE ¡ Introduction of Iron ¡ Population growth ¡ Some continuity of trade and contact in 0HG¶W ; agriculture ¡ First steps in formation of the polis (city-state) ¡ Invention of the alphabet based on Phoenician alphabet ¡ Composition of the Homeric poems ¡ Cohesion of myth and ritual into religious practice which is state sponsored but not state controlled ¡ Greek colonization: new contact with E/W ¡ Experimentation with new ways to represent the human form 4 :KDW¶V D polis ? ¡ Translation: city-state ¡ Agrarian societies ¡ Sense of community ¡ Relatively small in size ± Consisted of settlement and surrounding territory ¡ Independent of other poleis ± No single panhellenic state , DP 1HVWRU¶V FXS¡ JRRG WR GULQN IURP¢ :KRHYHU GULQNV IURP PH Will at once be seized by desire for fair crowned Aphrodite 5 Panhellenic sanctuaries Zeus at Olympia Apollo at Delphi Poseidon at Isthmia Zeus at Nema ¡...
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Lecture 8 Geometric and Orientalizing Greece, Archaic Period-1

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