Lecture 8 Geometric and Orientalizing Greece, Archaic Period-1

Lecture 8 Geometric and Orientalizing Greece, Archaic Period-1

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Unformatted text preview: Geometric and OrientalizingGreece, The Archaic Period February 16, 2010 Periodization of Greek Archaeology (all BCE) The Bronze Age 3000-1100 Dark Age 1100-900 Geometric Period 900-700 Orientalizing Period 700-600 Archaic Period 600-480 Early Classical or Transitional Period 480-450 High Classical Period 450-400 The Fourth Century 400-300 The Hellenistic Period 323-31 The Geometric Period 900-700 BCE Introduction of Iron Population growth Some continuity of trade and contact in 0HGW ; agriculture First steps in formation of the polis (city-state) Invention of the alphabet based on Phoenician alphabet Composition of the Homeric poems Cohesion of myth and ritual into religious practice which is state sponsored but not state controlled Greek colonization: new contact with E/W Experimentation with new ways to represent the human form 4 :KDWV D polis ? Translation: city-state Agrarian societies Sense of community Relatively small in size Consisted of settlement and surrounding territory Independent of other poleis No single panhellenic state , DP 1HVWRUV FXS JRRG WR GULQN IURP :KRHYHU GULQNV IURP PH Will at once be seized by desire for fair crowned Aphrodite 5 Panhellenic sanctuaries Zeus at Olympia Apollo at Delphi Poseidon at Isthmia Zeus at Nema...
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Lecture 8 Geometric and Orientalizing Greece, Archaic Period-1

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