Lecture 3 Roman Perspectives

Lecture 3 Roman Perspectives -...

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Unformatted text preview: GreekandRomanPerspectives January28,2010 WhatmakesClassicalArchaeology Different? ClassicalArchaeologyfocusesonthecultures ofGreeceandRome,broadlydefined ClassicalArchaeologydevelopedalongside otherspecializeddisciplines Itshistorymakesitdifferent,butwhy? Antiquarianism Cooptionbypoliticalmovements Archaeologistastombrobber TendencyforClassicalArchaeologytoseparate itselffromothertypesofarchaeology SowhatisClassicalArchaeology? Greece + Rome Greekvs RomanPerspectives Geography Temporaldifferences:Greekstuffisolder, Romanstuffislaterintime RomansandtheirpredecessorsontheItalian peninsulahadearlycontactwithGreece= influence,emulation,conquest Contactwithdifferentcivilizationsin Ex:AchaemenidPersiansfortheGreeks,Parthians for theRomans DatesBCE NearEast Egypt Predynastic Period continues until3050 3050 ­2675 EarlyDynastic Western Europe Greeceandthe Aegean Neolithicperiodcont. Italyand Rome 3500 ­3000 ProtoliteratePeriod 3000 ­2350 EarlyDynasticPeriod 3000 ­2000 3000 ­ Early 1600 NeolithicPeriod Helladic Cycladic continuesuntil Period ­ Culture 2300 (Mycenaean) NeolithicPeriod continuesuntil2300 2350 ­2160 AkkadianPeriod 2675 ­2190 OldKingdom 2190 ­2060 FirstIntermediate Period 2060 ­1795 MiddleKingdom 1795 ­1550 SecondIntermediate Period 2300 ­1000 BronzeAge 2160 ­2000 Neo ­SumerianPeriod 2000 ­1530 OldBabylonianPeriod 2000 ­1600 Middle Helladic Period c.1575 ­1200 1530 ­1150 1550 ­1070 HittiteEmpireinAnatoliaNewKingdom KassitePeriodin Mesopotamia 1600 ­1200 Late Helladic Period 1900 ­ 1700 Old Palace Period 1700 ­ 1450 New Palace Period 2300 ­1000 BronzeAge DatesBCE NearEast Egypt c.1575 ­1200 1530 ­1150 1550 ­1070 HittiteandKassite NewKingdomEgypt Empirescont. cont. 1070 ­715 ThirdIntermediate Period Neo ­Assyrian Empire Greeceandthe Western Aegean Europe 2300 ­1000 1200 ­1050 BronzeAge cont. 1050 ­900 Proto ­Geometric Period 900 ­700 GeometricPeriod 700 ­600 EarlyArchaicPeriod ItalyandRome 2300 ­1000 BronzeAgecont. 1000 ­750 VillanovanCulture 1000 ­612 612 ­539 Neo ­Babylonian Empire 715 ­332 LatePeriodEgypt Achaemenid Empire 550 ­330 600 ­480 750 ­300 1000 ­1st cBCE ArchaicPeriod 750 ­ 200 Greek IronAge 480 ­450 Etruscan Colonies EarlyClassical inItaly Period Period &Sicily 509 ­27 450 ­400 BCE HighClassicalPeriod The 400 ­323 LateClassicalPeriod Roman Republic 330 ­31 31BCE ­14CE CE HellenisticPeriod 31BCERomanRulein EgyptBegins 323 ­31 HellenisticPeriod 1st c.BCERomanincursionsin Europebegin 27BCE ­96CE EarlyEmpire 96 ­193CETheHighEmpire 193 ­395TheLateEmpire Greekvs RomanPerspectives Sharesomecategoriesofevidence Ex:monumentaltemples,plainpottery Othersareunique AthenianBlack/RedFigurePottery RomanTriumphalArches Euphronius Death of Sarpedon 515 BCE Arch of Titus, Rome c. 81 CE GreekArchaeology Importantdates,people,places: JohannWincklemann (1755 ­1767) JamesStuartandNicholasRevett TempleofAphaia atAegina,1811 Greekindependencein1829 HeinrichSchliemann,1870 ­1890 Mycenae,Troy  ­ Stuart and Revett, 18th century Temple of Apollo at Bassae, Greece c. 1812 Heinrich Schliemann - Mycenae and Troy Pompeii and Herculaneum ...
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