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Class notes since test 1 - 15:26 lecture1112 PartySystems...

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15:26 lecture 11-12 
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Party Systems 1. The left/right continuum? 2. New dimensions of conflict and cleavage: post-materialism 3. Why the United States looks so different from European party systems a. Fewer parties b. Narrower ideological spectrum c. Plurality elections 4. Analyzing European Party Systems a. Names and numbers of parties b. Any party win a maj. of votes or seats? c. The UK exception Patterns of Party Systems 1. Liberal parties In Sweden (Liberal Party) and the UK (the Liberal Democrats) are located in the  center between left and right In the Netherlands (Liberals) and Germany (Free Democrats), liberals are on the  right  2. Religious parties Not in Sweden or the UK, but important in France before 5th Republic, Italy,  Germany, and the Netherlands 3. Government Formation France, Spain, Germany, Sweden and the UK the left can govern alone Italy and the Netherlands, no 4. Can we talk of party system types?
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The Scandinavian model (Sweden, Norway, Denmark) Consociational model (Netherlands, Switzerland, Belgium) Polarized pluralism (France (before 1958), Italy, Finland) Southern European model (Spain, Portugal, Greece) 5. Complications in the left-right dimension New left parties and extreme right d. How often are elections held? e. Who forms a government?     lecture 13-14 
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Party Families 1. The left: socialism and communism a. Key thinkers: Marx (b. 1818)/Lenin/ Bernstein b. Ideas: equality, state intervention to correct market inequality, democracy?  collective ownership of the means of production, planning, class conflict c. Socialism and communism split (Bolshevik Rev., 1917), democratic road to  power vs revolution, dictatorship of the proletariat, state socialism d. Socialism is the natural ideology of the working class in an industrial society; a  19th c. ideology e. After the demise of SU, is Socialism dead? Prototypical Communist Party: PCF (France) Prototypical Socialist Party: SAP (Sweden) 2. Liberalism and center parties a. Key thinkers, Locke, Adam Smith b. Liberalism in Europe vs America c. Ideas: indiv freedom, equal opportunity, free markets, limited states, equality of  rights not outcomes. d. The natural ideology of the emerging middle class under capitalism, a 18th  century philosophy. e. Squeezed by socialism on left, conservatism on right f. Center, moderate parties combine elements of capitalism/welfare state to chart  middle way Prototypical Liberal Party: FDP (Germany) Prototypical center party: Moderates (Sweden) 3. Parties of the right: conservatism, Christian Democracy, and the extreme right a. Key thinker: Burke  b. Key ideas: order, hierarchy, a strong state, welfare but material equality not a 
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This note was uploaded on 08/30/2010 for the course GOV 38915 taught by Professor Edwards during the Fall '09 term at University of Texas.

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Class notes since test 1 - 15:26 lecture1112 PartySystems...

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