Class Notes (Mid-term-Final)

Class Notes (Mid-term-Final) - ClassandIdeology...

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Class and Ideology 17:58 **Note: The Finall will  NOT  be cumulative, the final will cover information  beginning now*** Focus on Us—social hierarchy and inequality in modern industrialized nations This weeks concepts: All men are created equal…: What does it mean to say that “all men are created equal? o Everyone should have equal protection under the law (formal equality) o Nothing is ever equal--$= better attorneys, etc Do you believe in that statement? If so, then why do we have great inequalities in terms of wealth, income,  status, and life chances? How do they become unequal? Unlike people living in Medieval Europe, who believed that people were not  created equal we believe that people or should be equal Then, how do we explain the inequalities among people? Why some people are rich, while some live in poverty? How do we come to  believe that some inequalities are just, morally acceptable, or necessary? Rationale for social hierarchy and inequality: two views: Integrative theories: o Integrative approach regards social hierarchy to be inevitable and  necessary for social integration and cohesion. As societies grow, they develop more labor-efficient means to produce  enough food and other necessities; specializing takes hold. A division of labor  follows for effective and efficient organization and  coordination of production, distribution and infrastructural  requirements. Emergence of complex leadership systems to regulate the conduct of  social and political life as well as defense. Metaphor: society as “a living organism” functioning with interrelated  parts all doing their jobs and regulated by controlling device. Herbert Spencer, 19
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Class Notes (Mid-term-Final) - ClassandIdeology...

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