Midterm Review Europe

Midterm Review Europe - 03:07 1 American System vs...

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03:07 1. American System vs Parliamentary System -Separation of power (more visible in American System) *In the U.S. there is checks and balances and a separation of powers and the executive is directly elected by the people. President is both chief executive and head of state. *In a parliamentary government the executive is not elected by the people and instead are chosen indirectly by the elected parliament. The executive is constitutionally responsible to the legislature under parliamentary government. Parliaments not only choose the prime minister but can dismiss the prime minister at will. The Parliament is elected by the people. *The Government in most European countries is responsible to the legislature-typically the lower house. It often needs the approval of parliament to take office in the first place, and in nearly all countries parliament can force the resignation of the government by passing a motion of no confidence. There is no seperation of powers, the prime minister, thereby stands at the apex of both institutions of state. *Parliament chooses Prime Minister and PM chooses “cabinet” -Fixed Terms- No fixed terms in government, terms spent in office depends on how well you do. Although in 5 years general elections are still called to see if they still want to remain in office. Prime Minister is elected by Parliament and Parliament is elected by the people. -Independent Constituency- Parliament-people Prime Minister- Parliament Cabinet- Constituency is the Prime Minister 2) Composition, Powers, and selection processes for the lower chambers of the legislatures. Britain Composition- 646 elected by the people “House of Commons” Powers- Policy, expenditures, taxes, vote of no confidence, very little influence on legislation. Selection processes- PM is the leader of the majority/ elected by the people France Composition- National Assembly-presided by the President (from the largest party). The Assembly has 6 committees. Powers- ineffective when it comes to overseeing the actions of the govt or the pres. 1
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Selection processes-single member constituency. Germany Composition- Bundestag is well organized Powers- detailed scrutiny of legislation in committees there work is overseen by the parliamentary group, active in constituency work Selection processes- elected by the 299 constituencies Italy Composition- nearly identical to the Senate,630 members, The Camera dei Deputati Powers- they set their own agenda- powerful committees that can pass laws. Powers are nearly identical to the Senate. Selection processes- Sweden Composition-The Riksdag differs from most parliaments in that members are arranged in the chamber according to the constituency that they represent, not the party to which they belong. They act strongly along the party rather than regional lines. Powers- policy making process
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This note was uploaded on 08/30/2010 for the course GOV 38915 taught by Professor Edwards during the Fall '09 term at University of Texas.

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Midterm Review Europe - 03:07 1 American System vs...

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