Government Notes - GovernmentNotes A Relativistic World...

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Government Notes 20:46 A Relativistic World Paul Johnson Main Points: Scientific advances (Einstein and Freud) Artistic developments (Stravinsky, Picasso, Joyce, and Proust) Political/military developments (WW I and the aftermath of the Paris Peace Conference) all converge to create the "modern" world. Mark Leonard, Why Europe will Run the 21st Century Why Europe? It is in step and leading the way in the transformation of the nature of power—a network of power that binds states together through markets, common institutions, and international law rather than a hierarchical nation state. Why Europe Matters 450 million people inside and 385 million who share a border and another billion in the Eurozone of influence Traditional military power is weak; former weakness is now strength A world of peace, prosperity, and democracy How it happened: War and devastation; Jean Monnet and incremental growth; The invisible hand. Kupchan, The End of the American Empire Thesis: End of the Cold War provides opportunity for US to restructure the global system but we have failed to do so. US predominance and stability will not last. Two unstoppable trends: diffusion of power and
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changing character of internationalism in the US, it is on the wane The Rise of Europe 1. Europe is coming together 2. The absence of a Soviet threat makes a break with the US feasible 3. The US and Europe have common cultures, heritage, and faced common enemies, but are now splitting into two halves 4. Integration of Europe is one of the most magnificent geopolitical events of the 20th century and the US underestimates its significance 5. A new discourse of integration is emerging; a way to acquire power and project geopolitical ambition Europe: East and West Western Democracies 1. Free markets --- Regulated Markets 2. Welfare states 3. Liberal Democracies a. Rule of law b. Individual rights (speech, assembly, religion, due process) c. Free, competitive elections
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20:46
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Europe and America Compared 20:46 Is there a European Model? Garton Ash, Europe as not-America Regulated markets Less inequality Social protection: o They feel the US is more “all for yourself”, even though that is not exactly  true, it is far more accurate than in Europe. Leisure over income Negotiation over force: o The US is more trigger happy, while Europe offers aid and tried to get  countries trapped in their web of influences. How does US differ? Individualism Smaller state role? More violence? More people in prison More guns Are the Two systems converging? Baldwin, A Narrowing Atlantic Alesine and Glaeser, Race and Redistribution Alesina and Giavazzi, reform or decline Baldwin says yes, citing inequality and pverty, health care even, family  benefits even if tax credits count, etc. “The American welfare state in more extensite than often realized: the total 
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This note was uploaded on 08/30/2010 for the course GOV 38915 taught by Professor Edwards during the Fall '09 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Government Notes - GovernmentNotes A Relativistic World...

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