Class Notes(after midterm)

Class Notes(after midterm) - 16:01 TheGreatLeapForward 16:01

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The Great Leap Forward 16:01 Socialist transformation of Industry and Commerce: Mao’s two talks, October 1955 Transformation of private ownership into “joint-state-rivate ownership”  completed in major cities, jan 1956 Transformation completed in the whole country, by the end of 1956 The shift toward socialism changed when Mao changed his mind following the  break out of the Korean war: o After the outbreak—western powers worked together to put an economic  embargo against China.  o He had no choice but to announce a new policy  full scale alliance with  the U.S.S.R and they would be a full member of the socialist camp. Had to speed up their change to socialism, they couldn’t keep on a  path of part capitalism, part communism, etc. Transformation: o Private owners involved: 1,142,000 o Fixed interest: 5%, distributed until sept 1956 o Total interest received: 1,200 million yuan o Total salaries: 850 million yuan o Total diidends: 1,3000 million yuan Socialist transformation: rural Agricultural collectivization: o “mutual-aid teams” (1953-54) a few households excluding former landlords and rich peasants private ownership of land and tools private ownership of harvests
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The Great Leap Forward 16:01 government aid disputes on the sequence of team work seasonal or permanent they have to work together and help each other to sow seeds, etc. so  that everyone can benefit. How did the government help: Cheap loans Aid o “Early stage cooperatives” (1954-55) a group of households (10-30; larger than in phase 1) in the same  neighborhood/ hamlet excluding former landlords and rich peasants leadership of poor peasants private ownership and collective use of land and tools shared harvest income distribution in the coop: land share (dividents) –45% labor share (work points)—55% government aid strong motivation for increasing production. o “advanced-stage cooperatives” (1956-57) based on former ESCs consisting of production teams open to all peasants collective ownership of land and tools income distribution according to workpoints inefficiency in collective farming corruption of coop cadres
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The rise of Liu Shaoqi 16:01 Mao summarized his life, saying he ahs done 2 things in life:
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The rise of Liu Shaoqi 16:01 1 was a communist rev. to overthrow Shek and his nationalist government 2 was the cultural revolution that overthrew the leadership of_______ They were equally as important to him. The cultural revolution is often  regarded as a continuation of the communist revolution. After the revolution Mao was very cautious—realized in his legislation, which 
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Class Notes(after midterm) - 16:01 TheGreatLeapForward 16:01

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