social structure and organizations

social structure and organizations - Juren (graduates of...

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Social Structure and Organizations
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Macroregion: Core (river valleys or coasts; higher land productivity; higher density of population; urban centers) Periphery “Macroregions” (G. William Skinner)
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The “Standard Marketing Area” 18 villages 1500 households 50 km 2
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The “Cultural Nexus of Power” (Prasenjit Duara) Hierarchical organizations and informal networks: Markets (periodic temple fairs) Kinship (affines) Popular cults Praying for rain Cult of Lord Guan (God of War) Worship of Dragon King Expelling locusts etc. Water control Associations for crop-watching, defense, tax payment, etc
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Examination Cells The Civil Service Examination System Metropolitan exam (every three years): jinshi Provincial exam (every three years): juren County-level exam (annually): shengyuan Gentry Dominance
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The lower gentry Shengyuan (graduates of county-level exam) The upper gentry
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Unformatted text preview: Juren (graduates of provincial-level exam) Jinshi (graduates of metropolitan exam) • Privileges Social status (parallel to magistrates) Justice (humiliation not allowed) Taxation (lower rate; exemption from labor service) Government stipend • Roles in local community Advise county magistrate Public works Granaries; relief bureaus; public cemeteries; charity org. Arbitrators in disputes Lecturers Local corps Gazetteers Gentry Dominance Clan Organizations • Clan leadership Seniority in generation Personal ability Social/economic status • Clan welfare Ritual/sacrificial land Subsidies to the aged/needy Tax service Clan aid loans • Clan regulations Mediation of disputes Criminal control Succession: patrilineal; or by adoption Inheritance: to sons; daughters & widow excluded Hakka Dwellings, Fujian Province...
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This note was uploaded on 08/30/2010 for the course HIS 39930 taught by Professor Ming during the Fall '09 term at University of Texas.

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social structure and organizations - Juren (graduates of...

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